Réunion

La Réunion

File:Piton des neiges vu de la plaine des cafres.jpg

island in the Indian Ocean, overseas region of France

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Wikimedia Commons category: Réunion

Geographical coordinates: -21.114444444 55.5325

Wikipedia

English Réunion

Réunion (French pronunciation: [ʁe.y.njɔ̃] (listen); previously Île Bourbon) is an overseas department and region of the French Republic and an Indian Ocean island in East Africa, east of Madagascar and 175 km (109 mi) southwest of Mauritius. As of January 2020, it had a population of 859,959.As in metropolitan France, the official language is French. In addition, the majority of the region's population speaks Réunion Creole.

Administratively, Réunion is one of the overseas departments of France. Like the other four overseas departments, it is also one of the 18 regions of France, with the modified status of overseas region, and an integral part of the republic with the same status as Metropolitan France. Réunion is an outermost region of the European Union and, as an overseas department of France, part of the eurozone. An analogous situation to Réunion's status in the French Republic is the status of Hawaii in the United States.

Source: Réunion

German Réunion

La Réunion [la ʀeyˈnjɔ̃] oder kurz Réunion (volle französische Bezeichnung Île de la Réunion, deutsch etwa „Insel der Zusammenkunft“; zum Namen siehe unten) ist eine Insel im Indischen Ozean, die politisch ein Übersee-Département sowie eine Region Frankreichs bildet und damit zur Europäischen Union gehört. Bis 1794 hieß die Insel Île Bourbon, unter Napoleon Île Bonaparte, dann bis 1848 wieder Île Bourbon.

Source: Réunion

Polish Reunion

Reunion (fr. La Réunion) – wyspa na Oceanie Indyjskim, położona około 700 km na wschód od Madagaskaru i 174 km na południowy zachód od Mauritiusu.

Stanowi ona najdalej wysuniętą na zachód część archipelagu Maskarenów. Wyspa zajmuje powierzchnię 2512 km². Zamieszkuje ją 842 767 (2014) mieszkańców. Reunion stanowi region administracyjny i jednocześnie departament Francji o statusie departamentu zamorskiego nr 974 (od 1946 r.). Wyspa dzieli się na 4 okręgi (arrondissement) i 49 kantonów. Stolicą departamentu jest położone na północy wyspy Saint-Denis (142,6 tys. mieszk.). Inne ważne miasta to Saint-Paul (95,1 tys.), Saint-Pierre (74,7 tys.), Le Tampon (65,4 tys.), Saint-Louis (47,2 tys.), Saint-André (46,5 tys.) i Le Port (41,5 tys.).

Source: Reunion

Russian Реюньон

Реюньо́н (фр. Réunion, рею. креол. Rényon) — заморский регион Франции. Расположен на одноимённом острове в Индийском океане, в 700 км к востоку от Мадагаскара.

Площадь — 2512 км². Численность населения — 828 581 человек (2011). Административный центр — Сен-Дени (137 000 человек в 2010 году).

Валюта — Евро (EUR, код 978).

Часовой пояс — UTC+4.

Телефонный код — 262.

Интернет-домен — .re.

Код ISO — RE.

Source: Реюньон

Ukrainian Реюньйон

Реюньйо́н (фр. La Réunion, рею. креол. La Rényon) — французький острів у групі Маскаренських островів в Індійському океані за 650 км на схід від Мадагаскару й за 180 км на південний захід від Маврикія. Володіння Франції.

Source: Реюньйон

cs Réunion

Réunion je ostrov, zámořský departement a zároveň zámořský region Francie ležící v Indickém oceánu. Ostrov je jedním z nejvzdálenějších regionů Evropské unie. Slovo Réunion znamená francouzsky „spojení“ či „sdružení“. Ostrov je součástí tzv. zámořské Francie, která zahrnuje území v Americe, Africe, Oceánii i Antarktidě.

Source: Réunion

Spanish Reunión (Francia)

La Reunión (en francés, La Réunion; en criollo reunionés: La Rényon) es una isla del archipiélago de las Mascareñas con estatus de departamento de ultramar francés, situado en el océano Índico, al este de Madagascar, y constituido como una región ultraperiférica de la Unión Europea. Como el resto de departamentos de ultramar, también es una región de Francia y forma parte de la República.

Source: Reunión (Francia)

French La Réunion

La Réunion est une île située dans l'Ouest de l'océan Indien, à l'est de l'Afrique, dans l'hémisphère sud. Elle constitue à la fois un département et une région d'outre-mer français.

D'une superficie de 2 512 km2, La Réunion est située dans l'archipel des Mascareignes à 172 km à l'ouest-sud-ouest de l'île Maurice et à 679 km à l'est-sud-est de Madagascar. Il s'agit d'une île volcanique créée par un point chaud : culminant à 3 071 m au piton des Neiges, elle présente un relief escarpé travaillé par une érosion très marquée. Le piton de la Fournaise, situé dans le Sud-Est de l'île, est un des volcans les plus actifs du monde. Bénéficiant d'un climat tropical d'alizé maritime et située sur la route des cyclones, La Réunion abrite un endémisme exceptionnel.

Vraisemblablement repérée dès le Moyen Âge par les Arabes sous le nom de « Dina Morgabin » (l’île couchant), La Réunion n'a été habitée qu'à compter du milieu du XVIIe siècle, soit environ 150 ans après son apparition sur les portulans des navigateurs portugais. Jusqu'alors connue sous le nom d'île Mascarin, elle devient sous celui d'île Bourbon, une escale de la Compagnie française des Indes orientales sur la route des Indes puis, à partir des années 1710, une véritable colonie pratiquant la culture du café. Devenue une société de plantation, elle passe sous le contrôle direct du roi de France dans les années 1760 avant d'être réaffectée à l'industrie de la canne à sucre au terme des guerres napoléoniennes. Elle est définitivement rebaptisée de son nom actuel et l'esclavage y est aboli en 1848, remplacé jusque dans les années 1930 par la pratique de l'engagisme.

L'île connaît une crise économique rampante à compter des années 1870. Elle devient département français en 1946 (code départemental 974) Elle est, depuis 2003, la collectivité territoriale d’outre-mer la plus intégrée à la République. En dépit de son appartenance à la zone euro, son tissu productif reste structurellement fragile et fortement dépendant de la France métropolitaine. On y relève un taux de chômage particulièrement élevé, de l'ordre de 29 %, dont 60 % chez les jeunes. Le premier secteur économique de l'île est aujourd'hui le tourisme. Le PIB est estimé à 14,5 milliards d'euros, le revenu moyen par habitant étant d'environ 18 000 euros par an.

D'après le dernier recensement, la population était, en janvier 2018, de 855 961 habitants, principalement concentrés sur les côtes où se situent les principales villes dont Saint-Denis, le chef-lieu.

La démographie locale se caractérise par la jeunesse des habitants et leurs origines variées, à la fois européennes, ouest-africaines, est-africaines, malgaches, indiennes, annamites, malaises et chinoises. Cette diversité influence la culture réunionnaise caractérisée notamment par sa langue, le créole réunionnais, sa cuisine ou encore sa musique (séga, maloya…).

Source: La Réunion

Japanese レユニオン

レユニオン

Réunion

レユニオン(Réunion)は、フランス共和国の海外県ならびに海外地域圏(レジオン)である。マダガスカル島東方のインド洋上に位置する。面積2512km2、人口約85万9,959人(2020年)。コーヒーの品種の一つブルボン種の原産地。県都はサン=ドニ。

Source: レユニオン

pt Reunião (departamento)

Reunião (em francês: Réunion) é um departamento ultramarino francês no oceano Índico, localizado a leste de Madagáscar. A ilha principal é uma das duas maiores Ilhas Mascarenhas, sendo o seu vizinho mais próximo a outra: a Maurícia. Sua capital é Saint-Denis. É a ilha mais próspera do oceano Índico, com o maior PIB per capita na região.

Reunião começou a ser habitada durante o século XVII, quando pessoas da França, Madagáscar e África se estabeleceram na ilha. A escravidão foi abolida em 20 de dezembro de 1848 (data celebrada anualmente em Reunião), após a qual os trabalhadores contratados foram trazidos de Tamil Nadu, sul da Índia, entre outros lugares. A ilha tornou-se um departamento de ultramar da França em 1946.

Como em outros lugares da França, a língua oficial é o francês. Além disso, a maioria da população da região fala o crioulo de Reunião.

Administrativamente, Reunião é um dos departamentos de ultramar da França, assim como a Martinica, Guadalupe, a Guiana Francesa e a vizinha Maiote. Tal como os outros quatro departamentos ultramarinos, é também uma das dezoito regiões da França, com o estado modificado de região ultramarina e parte integrante da República com o mesmo estatuto que a França Metropolitana. Reunião é uma região ultraperiférica da União Europeia e, como departamento de ultramar da França, faz parte da zona do euro.

Source: Reunião (departamento)

zh 留尼汪

留尼汪(法語:La Réunion),是一座印度洋西部马斯克林群岛中的火山島,為法国的海外省之一,位置為20.9188°S 55.475063°E / -20.9188; 55.475063。東邊約190公里是模里西斯群島,西邊則與非洲第一大島馬達加斯加相距650公里。

留尼旺島面積2,512平方公里,海岸線長207公里。除沿岸有狭窄平原外,均属山地和高原,島上高峰約3,019公尺,是為格羅莫訥火山峰(鄰近內日峰死火山,標高3069公尺)。沿岸屬熱帶雨林氣候,終年濕熱;內部山地為高山氣候,溫和涼爽。最熱月平均氣溫26℃,最冷月20℃。5至11月為乾季,11月至次年4月為雨季。

有歷史學家認為,中世紀時阿拉伯人可能已抵达留尼汪島,并将其命名为Dina Morgabin,意为“日落岛”。1513年,留尼旺島被葡萄牙人發現。1649年,法國开始統治,在島上建立航海站,1810年由英國佔領,1815年英國將該島交還給法國,1848年定名為留尼旺島,1946年法國宣布留尼旺為海外省,目前是法国的海外省之一。

島上人口密度很高。除了法國白人外,還有黑人,但由於法國禁止在人口普查中紀錄種族分布,各族的人口並無具體統計。

法語是官方語言,少數人通曉英語。94%人信奉天主教。首府(Préfecture)是位於島北岸的聖但尼。

留尼汪岛的传统菜餚包括米饭、豆类、肉或者鱼、尖椒,輔以香料,如说莪、柠檬草、酸豆、咖喱等。由於人口組成多元,料理呈現相當多樣,如用咖哩是受印度移民影響,用木薯或玉米做蛋糕則係非洲移民所致。由於大多留尼汪岛的食品进口自法国,现時亦有不少料理與法國本土一般。

經濟以農業、漁業、旅遊業為主,農業上主要種植經濟作物甘蔗、香草和天竺葵等,用以生產蔗糖、天竺葵精油;後者是許多法製精油與香水的產地。工業化程度較低,製糖為主要工業。經濟發展主要依靠法國援助。貨幣使用歐元。

留尼旺島有小歐洲之稱,是度假勝地,留尼旺最著名的就是火山,目前仍有活火山富爾奈斯經常爆發,而且噴出岩漿往往持續數月之久,為重要觀光景點。

Source: 留尼汪

Places located in Réunion

Saint-Paul

Saint-Paul (French pronunciation: ​[sɛ̃.pɔl]) is the second-largest commune in the French overseas department of Réunion. It is located on the extreme west side of the island of Réunion.

Until 1999, near Saint Paul there was the 428 metres tall mast OMEGA Chabrier transmitter.

Saint-Pierre

Saint Pierre (French pronunciation: ​[sɛ̃.pjɛʁ]) is the third-largest commune in the French overseas department and region of Réunion. Located on the southwest side of the island, it is the capital of the French Southern and Antarctic Lands. It developed from a port built from 1854 to 1882, which was used for the trade between Asia and Europe. Today, it features 400 sites for fishing and pleasure boats, while most of the commercial traffic moved north to Le Port.

Saint-Louis

Saint-Louis (French pronunciation: ​[sɛ̃.lwi]) is the fifth-largest commune in the French overseas department of Réunion. It is located on the southwest part of the island of Réunion, adjacent to Saint-Pierre.

Sainte-Suzanne

Sainte-Suzanne is a commune on the north coast of the French island and department of Réunion.

La Plaine-des-Palmistes

La Plaine-des-Palmistes is a commune in the French overseas department of Réunion.

Saint-Denis

Saint Denis (French pronunciation: ​[sɛ̃.də.ni], or unofficially Saint-Denis de la Réunion for disambiguation) is the préfecture (administrative capital) of the French overseas department and region of Réunion, in the Indian Ocean. It is located at the island's northernmost point, close to the mouth of the Rivière Saint-Denis.

Saint Denis is the most populous commune in the French overseas departments and the twentieth most populous in all of France. At the 2016 census, there were 204,304 inhabitants in the metropolitan area of Saint Denis (as defined by INSEE), 147,920 of whom lived in the city (commune) of Saint-Denis proper and the remainder in the neighbouring communes of Sainte Marie and Sainte Suzanne.

Cilaos

Cilaos is a town and commune on the French island of Réunion in the Indian Ocean. It is located centrally on the island, in a caldera of altitude 1,214 m. The caldera (usually known as the 'Cirque') is also named for the community.

Petite-Île

Petite-Île (French: Little Isle) is a commune on the French island and department of Réunion. The commune is bordered by the communes of Saint-Joseph to the east and Saint-Pierre to the west. The commune gets its name from the uninhabited islet off of its coast, the only such islet near Réunion that has vegetation. The commune was established in 1935.

Trou de Fer

The Trou de Fer ("Iron Hole") is a canyon on Reunion Island, off the coast of Madagascar in the Indian Ocean. The primary river flowing through the gorge, which is up to 300 m (1,000 ft) deep, is the Bras de Caverne River, a tributary of the Rivière du Mât. The canyon has two distinct parts: a large crater, which is fed by six prominent waterfalls, and a narrow slot canyon at its outlet, which constitutes most of the canyon's length. The canyon starts at the waterfall of the Bras Mazerine stream and after some 1.4 - 1.8 km from the left side joins the main Bras de Caverne stream.

The Bras de Caverne River enters the canyon with a waterfall about 200 m (660 ft) high. This drop is usually dry or has very little water, but between that and the next, 180-metre (590 ft) drop, springs feed the river, which drops over this then drops over a final 300-metre (1,000 ft) undercut cliff into the Trou de Fer in a narrow plume of water.

Directly to the left of this waterfall, another stream drops over the cliff, which is undercut to an extent that its lip has over 200 m (660 ft) of empty space between it and the canyon floor, of approximately the same height in two channels, and slams onto a ledge before emptying into the same pool as the Bras de Caverne waterfall. This waterfall is not as high, and has a smaller water flow. It is fed by several other falls streaming off the cliffs above it. Further to the left, at about twice the distance from the first falls to the second, another large stream plunges into the canyon.

In total, there are at least six waterfalls feeding the canyon. At the base of the canyon, a separate slot canyon, or "The Narrows", begins. The water from the Bras de Caverne waterfall and the waterfall to its left drain into the slot canyon at a 90-degree angle, through a waterfall known informally as the "Washing Machine". The name stems from the mist it generates, which drenches people who stand near the base of the falls.The slot canyon, or "The Corridor", extends for about 3 km (1.9 mi), and is said to be commonly dammed up by debris jams to form lakes, including the "Lake of the Eel". Many springs flow through the porous volcanic rock of the walls, creating countless waterfalls.The team of Pascale Lapoule, Laurent Broisin and Pascal Colas were the first to climb/walk the canyon on 19–21 September 1989.

Conservatoire botanique national de Mascarin

The Conservatoire botanique national de Mascarin (12.5 hectares) is a national conservatory and botanical garden located at 2, rue du Père Georges, Colimaçons, Saint-Leu, Réunion, France. It is open daily except Monday; an admission fee is charged.

The conservatory was established in 1986 as the Conservatoire et Jardin Botanique de Mascarin on farmland belonging to the family of the Marquis Antoine Sosthène Armand de Châteauvieux, at an elevation of 500 meters on the leeward side of La Réunion. In 1993 it was given its current name as it became one of France's eight Conservatoires Botaniques Nationaux. In 1996 its mission changed focus from conservation within its gardens, and the cultivation and the propagation of rare and threatened plants endemic to La Réunion, to a primary emphasis on management and monitoring of species in their natural habitats.

The conservatory's ongoing projects include establishing plots in mid-elevation wet forests for long-term study of plant diversity and vegetation dynamics; field surveys to determine locations for rare endemics (such as the highly endangered Ruizia cordata and Carissa xylopicron; replanting the endangered Lomatophyllum macrum in situ; and seed germination studies of endemic plants including Hugonia serrata and Antirhea borbonica.

The conservatory's garden (3 hectares) contains about 4,000 plant species endemic to the Mascarene Islands, i.e., including Madagascar, Mauritius, and Rodrigues, as well as Réunion itself. It is organized into seven sections as follows:

Réunion collection - indigenous flora, including more than 50 endemic species.

Lontan plants - a historical collection of local agriculture, including coffee, spices, fruit trees, sugar cane, and geraniums.

Orchard - more than 50 fruit tree species.

Succulents - succulent plants and exotic cacti, including species from the Americas and Africa.

Palm trees - endemic and exotic palm trees.

Orchids - orchids.

Bamboo ravine - bamboos.

Piton des Neiges

The Piton des Neiges (Snow Peak) is a massive 3,069 m (10,069 ft) shield volcano on Réunion, one of the French volcanic islands in the Mascarene Archipelago in the southwestern Indian Ocean. It is located about 800 kilometres (500 mi) east of Madagascar. Piton des Neiges is the highest point on Réunion and is considered to be the highest point in the Indian Ocean. The volcano was formed by the Réunion hotspot and emerged from the sea about two million years ago. Now deeply eroded, the volcano has been inactive for 20,000 years and is surrounded by three massive crater valleys, the Cirques. Piton des Neiges forms the northwestern two thirds of Réunion, with the very active Piton de la Fournaise comprising the rest. As it name suggests, snow is occasionally seen on its summit in winter.

The volcanic island is considered to be about three million years old (Pliocene); the other two islands in the archipelago, Mauritius and Rodrigues, are 7.8 million (Miocene) and 1​1⁄2 million (Pleistocene) years old, respectively. The island possesses a high endemism of flowering plants (about 225); this has justified the creation of a biological reserve on the lower slopes of the Piton des Neiges.

University of La Réunion

The University of Reunion Island (Université de la Réunion) is a French university in the Academy of Réunion. It is the first European university in the Indian Ocean.

Mafate

The Cirque de Mafate is a caldera on Réunion Island (France; located in the Indian Ocean). It was formed from the collapse of the large shield volcano the Piton des Neiges.

The very remote and inaccessible cirque was settled in the 19th century by maroon slaves (i.e. slaves who had escaped from their masters), then later by poor white laborers. It owes its name to one maroon leader.

Kélonia

Kélonia is a public aquarium and observatory specialising in Marine turtles in Saint-Leu, Réunion.

It was built on the site of a former Turtle Ranch and purposes guided visits and educational workshops.

Kélonia also participates on different research programs on marine turtles. These include migratory studies, monitoring populations, genetics, etc.

It also has a turtle clinic.

Plaine des Cafres

The Plaine des Cafres is a plateau on Réunion Island, one of the French volcanic islands in the Mascarene Archipelago in the southwestern Indian Ocean. It is part of the commune of Le Tampon.

It is named after the Cafres, black slaves who hid in the area during and before the 18th century.

Commerson Crater

Commerson Crater is a caldera in the mountains of Réunion, an overseas department of France. Located in the municipal territory of Saint-Joseph, it is part of the Piton de la Fournaise, a shield volcano on the eastern end of Réunion Island, but is located outside of the Enclos Fouqué, the volcano's most recent caldera.

The caldera was named in honor of Philibert Commerson, a French explorer.

Grand Étang

Grand Étang (large pond in English) is the largest lake on the island of Réunion, a French territory in the western Indian Ocean.

It lies in the commune of Saint-Benoît, close to La Plaine-des-Palmistes, in the eastern part of the island. Its inflow is a short creek from the waterfall Cascade Biberon of the Bras d'Annette creek. It was created by a lava flow acting as a natural dam afterwards. It does not have an outflow.

Piton Sainte-Rose

Piton Sainte-Rose is a village located on the eastern coast of the Réunion island (a French department) in the Indian Ocean. It is part of the commune of Sainte-Rose.

Referenced from

named afterrue de la Réunion
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