Death Valley National Park

File:Aguereberry Point - View South (3811736781).jpg

US national park in the state of California

Wikimedia Commons
Wikimedia Commons category: Death Valley National Park

Geographical coordinates: 36.49363 -117.09091

Wikipedia

English Death Valley National Park

Death Valley National Park is an American national park that straddles the California—Nevada border, east of the Sierra Nevada. The park boundaries include Death Valley, the northern section of Panamint Valley, the southern section of Eureka Valley, and most of Saline Valley. The park occupies an interface zone between the arid Great Basin and Mojave deserts, protecting the northwest corner of the Mojave Desert and its diverse environment of salt-flats, sand dunes, badlands, valleys, canyons, and mountains. Death Valley is the largest national park in the contiguous United States, and the hottest, driest and lowest of all the national parks in the United States. The second-lowest point in the Western Hemisphere is in Badwater Basin, which is 282 feet (86 m) below sea level. Approximately 91% of the park is a designated wilderness area. The park is home to many species of plants and animals that have adapted to this harsh desert environment. Some examples include creosote bush, bighorn sheep, coyote, and the Death Valley pupfish, a survivor from much wetter times. UNESCO included Death Valley as the principal feature of its Mojave and Colorado Deserts Biosphere Reserve in 1984.A series of Native American groups inhabited the area from as early as 7000 BC, most recently the Timbisha around 1000 AD who migrated between winter camps in the valleys and summer grounds in the mountains. A group of European-Americans, trapped in the valley in 1849 while looking for a shortcut to the gold fields of California, gave the valley its name, even though only one of their group died there. Several short-lived boom towns sprang up during the late 19th and early 20th centuries to mine gold and silver. The only long-term profitable ore to be mined was borax, which was transported out of the valley with twenty-mule teams. The valley later became the subject of books, radio programs, television series, and movies. Tourism expanded in the 1920s when resorts were built around Stovepipe Wells and Furnace Creek. Death Valley National Monument was declared in 1933 and the park was substantially expanded and became a national park in 1994.The natural environment of the area has been shaped largely by its geology. The valley is actually a graben with the oldest rocks being extensively metamorphosed and at least 1.7 billion years old. Ancient, warm, shallow seas deposited marine sediments until rifting opened the Pacific Ocean. Additional sedimentation occurred until a subduction zone formed off the coast. The subduction uplifted the region out of the sea and created a line of volcanoes. Later the crust started to pull apart, creating the current Basin and Range landform. Valleys filled with sediment and, during the wet times of glacial periods, with lakes, such as Lake Manly.

In 2013, Death Valley National Park was designated as a dark sky park by the International Dark-Sky Association.

Source: Death Valley National Park

German Death-Valley-Nationalpark

Der Death-Valley-Nationalpark () (dɛθ ˈvæli) (Tal des Todes) liegt in der Mojave-Wüste und ist der trockenste Nationalpark in den USA. Er liegt südöstlich der Sierra Nevada, zum größten Teil auf dem Gebiet Kaliforniens und zu einem kleineren Teil in Nevada. Die Region ist ein Hitzepol.

Der tiefste Punkt des Tales liegt 85,95 Meter unter dem Meeresspiegel.

Es gibt zwei Haupttäler innerhalb des Parks, das Death Valley und das Panamint Valley. Beide Täler sind wenige Millionen Jahre alt. Das Death Valley ist von mehreren Gebirgen umschlossen, die höchste Gebirgskette bildet die Panamint Range mit dem 3366 m hohen Telescope Peak. 1933 wurde das Death Valley zum National Monument ernannt. 1994 wurde es, stark erweitert, zum Nationalpark aufgewertet. Eine kleine Enklave, Devils Hole weiter östlich in Nevada in der Nähe des Ash Meadows National Wildlife Preserve gelegen, gehört ebenfalls zum Park. Das ganze Schutzgebiet gehört zum 1984 begründeten Mojave and Colorado Deserts UNESCO-Biosphärenreservat.

Am 20. Februar 2011 wurde der Nationalpark als Lichtschutzgebiet von der International Dark Sky Association auch als International Dark Sky Park (IDSP, in Gold) anerkannt, und nennt sich seither auch Death Valley International Dark Sky Park. Es ist das weitaus größte solche Schutzgebiet der USA und das zweitgrößte weltweit (nach dem Wood Buffalo Dark Sky Reserve in Kanada).

Source: Death-Valley-Nationalpark

Polish Park Narodowy Doliny Śmierci

Park Narodowy Doliny Śmierci (ang. Death Valley National Park) – park narodowy położony w hrabstwie Inyo stanu Kalifornia i częściowo w hrabstwie Nye stanu Nevada. Zajmuje powierzchnię 13 628 km², obejmując kamienną pustynię z najniżej położonym miejscem na półkuli zachodniej. Cechą charakterystyczną doliny jest niezwykle wysoka temperatura powietrza dochodząca do 50 °C (sporadycznie rejestruje się kilka stopni więcej). W okresie letnim w środku dnia piasek rozgrzewa się do nawet 201 °F (94 °C). Dolina Śmierci wypełniona jest popękaną, zasoloną skorupą. Na terenie całej doliny jest kilka bardzo ciekawych formacji skalnych, wąwozów i pagórków. Woda występująca w Dolinie Śmierci jest bardzo zasolona i niezdatna do picia.

Klimat zwrotnikowy, wybitnie suchy. Jest to najgorętsze miejsce na Ziemi, niemal całkowicie pozbawione cienia i wody. Średnia ilość opadów wynosi poniżej 50 mm rocznie, a wilgotność względna poniżej 1%.

Source: Park Narodowy Doliny Śmierci

Russian Долина Смерти (национальный парк)

Национальный парк Долина Смерти (англ. Death Valley National Park) является наиболее засушливым национальным парком в США, расположенном к востоку от горного хребта Сьерра-Невада в штате Калифорния, США, а также в небольшом анклаве в штате Невада. Площадь парка составляет 13 518 км², включает в себя долину Салина, большую часть долины Панаминт, почти всю долину Смерти, а также территории нескольких горных систем. Парк имеет самый сухой и самый жаркий климат среди национальных парков Соединённых Штатов, в нём в месте, известном как Бэдуотер (англ. Badwater), расположена вторая по глубине наземная точка в западном полушарии — 86 м ниже уровня моря.

До присвоения парку природоохранного статуса здесь в основном занимались золотодобычей. Первые известные американцы некоренного происхождения пришли на эту землю зимой 1849 года, полагая, что они сэкономят время, сократив путь до золотых приисков Калифорнии. После нескольких недель путешествия и потеряв одного человека умершим, они в конце концов решили назвать это место Долиной Смерти. В конце XIX — начале XX века в долине появилось несколько быстрорастущих поселений, жители которых занимались золотодобычей, однако эти поселения оказались недолговечными. Единственной долговременной доходной рудой оказалась бура — минерал, использовавшийся для производства мыла и в промышленности. Для транспортировки этой руды использовались повозки, запряжённые 18 мулами и парой лошадей — впоследствии такая необычная практика транспортировки стала основой для создания многочисленных книг, радио и телепередач, а также кинофильмов. Национальным памятником долина Смерти была объявлена в 1933 году, после чего она попала под охрану государства. В 1994 году статус национального памятника был заменён на статус национального парка, в этом же году территория парка была расширена, включив в себя долины Салина и Юрика.

Окружающая среда парка стала результатом геологических преобразований на этой территории, которые имеют долгую и сложную историю. Самые старые горные породы образовались в результате метаморфических изменений по крайней мере 1700 млн лет назад. В древности находившиеся на этом месте тёплые и мелководные внутренние моря оставляли обширные морские отложения; и так продолжалось до тех пор, пока расщелина не открыла путь в Тихий океан. Отложения продолжались и далее до тех пор, пока зона субдукции не сформировала прибрежную зону. Образовавшиеся на западе горы и ряд вулканов закрыли путь к океану. Позднее земная кора стала разрываться, создав аридный рельеф, который мы наблюдаем сегодня. Долины были заполнены осадочными породами, а в сырые времена ледниковых периодов озёрами, такими как озеро Менли.

Source: Долина Смерти (национальный парк)

Ukrainian Долина Смерті (національний парк)

Національний парк «Долина Смерті» (англ. Death Valley National Park) — найпосушливіший національний парк у США, розташований на схід від гірського хребта Сьєрра-Невада в штаті Каліфорнія та частинно в невеликому анклаві штату Невада.

Source: Долина Смерті (національний парк)

cs Národní park Death Valley

Národní park Death Valley (anglicky Death Valley National Park) je státem chráněné území ve Spojených státech amerických. Velkou část tvoří Údolí smrti. Leží při hranicích států Nevada a Kalifornie, východně od pohoří Sierra Nevada. Národním parkem byl vyhlášen v říjnu 1994.

Source: Národní park Death Valley

Spanish Parque nacional del Valle de la Muerte

El Parque Nacional del Valle de la Muerte (en inglés Death Valley National Park) es un parque nacional de los Estados Unidos localizado al este de Sierra Nevada, en el estado de California, aunque también se extiende en una pequeña parte en el estado de Nevada. Ocupa una superficie de 13 518 km² que incluyen el Valle Salino, casi la totalidad del Valle de la Muerte, una parte importante del valle Panamint, así como diversas cordilleras.

Se trata de un parque situado en una zona árida que contiene uno de los mayores relieves desérticos de la zona continental de los Estados Unidos. El punto más bajo del Valle de la Muerte, conocido como Badwater, está a 85,5 m por debajo del nivel del mar, mientras que el Monte Whitney, situado a unos 210 km por carretera y algo más de la mitad en línea recta, tiene una altura de más de 4400 m s. n. m..[1]​

El corazón del parque, llamado Death Valley National Monument, fue creado en 1933. Fue promovido a la categoría de parque nacional en 1994, fecha en la que se amplió de forma considerable. Además de la parte central del parque, una pequeña zona, conocida como el «Agujero del diablo» (Devil’s Hole), se halla en el este del estado de Nevada, cerca de la reserva natural de Ash Meadows.

El parque está formado por dos valles principales: el Valle de la Muerte y el Panamint, ambos formados en el transcurso de los últimos millones de años. Está separado del océano Pacífico por cinco cadenas de montañas que secan por completo las entradas de aire oceánico portadoras de humedad. El Valle de la Muerte es uno de los lugares más calurosos de la Tierra. El 10 de julio de 1913 se alcanzó el récord de 56,7 °C en la zona de Badwater. Un supuesto récord de 58 grados datado en 2006 no está reconocido por la World Meteorological Organization (OMM en castellano).

El suelo del Valle de la Muerte es rico en minerales diversos, como el bórax, que fue explotado durante mucho tiempo por una sociedad minera que lo utilizaba en la fabricación de jabones. El producto final refinado se transportaba a través del valle mediante grandes carros tirados por grupos de 18 mulas y dos caballos, que dieron nombre a la marca de jabón Twenty Mule Team, de gran fama en los Estados Unidos.

En el parque y sus alrededores viven las ovejas Bighorn. Se trata de una especie rara que se encuentra en pequeñas manadas aisladas en la Sierra y en el Valle de la Muerte. Estos animales son muy adaptables y pueden comer casi cualquier planta; no tienen depredadores conocidos y su mayor peligro es el hombre, que modifica su hábitat natural.

Source: Parque nacional del Valle de la Muerte

French Parc national de la vallée de la Mort

Le parc national de la vallée de la Mort (en anglais Death Valley National Park) est situé à l'est de la Sierra Nevada, en Californie, et s'étend en partie sur le Nevada. Avec plus de 13 600 km2, ce parc de zone aride, intégralement situé dans le désert des Mojaves, est l'un des plus grands parcs nationaux américains (le plus grand en dehors de l'Alaska).

Topographiquement, il présente le plus grand intervalle d'altitudes de la partie continentale des États-Unis : le fond de la vallée de la Mort, mesuré à Badwater, est à 85,5 mètres sous le niveau moyen de la mer, alors que le mont Whitney, situé à 123 kilomètres à peine, s'élève à plus de 4 400 mètres.

Le cœur du parc, nommé « Death Valley National Monument », a été créé en 1933 et a été promu au rang de parc national en 1994, puis a été significativement étendu. En plus de la partie centrale du parc, une petite portion, nommée le « Trou du Diable » (Devil's Hole) est située plus loin à l'est dans le Nevada, près de la réserve naturelle d'Ash Meadows (Ash Meadows National Wildlife Preserve).

Le parc est constitué de deux vallées principales, Death Valley et Panamint Valley, toutes deux formées au cours des derniers millions d'années. Le parc est séparé de l'océan Pacifique par cinq chaînes de montagnes qui assèchent complètement les entrées d'air océanique, pourtant initialement chargées d'humidité. En partie de ce fait, la vallée de la Mort détient le record de chaleur absolu officiellement mesuré à la surface du globe avec 56,7 °C à Furnace Creek le 13 juillet 1913, depuis l'invalidation, le 13 septembre 2012, par l'Organisation météorologique mondiale de ce qui était jusque-là considéré comme le record absolu à savoir les 57,7 °C enregistrés le 13 septembre 1922 à El Azizia en Libye.

Le sol de la vallée de la Mort est riche en minéraux divers, dont le borax, exploité pendant longtemps par une société minière pour être utilisé dans la production de savon et dans l'industrie verrière,. Le produit fini raffiné était expédié depuis la vallée dans des chariots tirés par un attelage de 18 mules et deux chevaux.

D'une superficie supérieure à celle de l’Île-de-France, le parc abrite des écosystèmes très variés, allant des dépressions hyperarides aux sommets enneigés de la Panamint Range. De même, la faune et la flore sont relativement riches et s'adaptent aux contraintes naturelles que représentent l'altitude et l'aridité.

Source: Parc national de la vallée de la Mort

Italian Punti notevoli della Valle della Morte

I punti notevoli della Valle della Morte sono innumerevoli, i più importanti e facilmente raggiungibili sono Dante's View che domina la valle, Zabriskie Point molto spettacolare specialmente alle cinque di mattina, Furnace Creek, per l'interessante museo, Stovepipe Wells, dove ci sono ancora i carri abbandonati dai fortyniner e le dune di sabbia, Ubehebe Crater, il cratere di un vulcano spento, Scotty's Castle è il castello che un minatore si è fatto costruire nel deserto, Rhyolite una città fantasma che sta scomparendo. Altri punti notevoli di interesse geologico e raggiungibili solo per mezzo di strade sterrate su auto con trazione integrale, sono Titus Canyon, Marble Canyon, Racetrack Playa. Alcune località su strada sterrata sono raggiungibili a piedi, come Artist's Palette e Golden Canyon.

Nei punti di interesse ci sono dei grossi cartelli esplicativi.

Source: Punti notevoli della Valle della Morte

Japanese デスヴァレー国立公園

デスバレー国立公園(Death Valley National Park)は、アメリカ合衆国カリフォルニア州のシエラネバダ山脈東部に位置する国立公園である。

Source: デスヴァレー国立公園

pt Parque Nacional do Vale da Morte

O Parque Nacional do Vale da Morte é um parque nacional situado nos estados americanos da Califórnia e do Nevada, localizado a leste da Sierra Nevada, e que abrange uma zona entre os desertos da Great Basin e do Mojave nos Estados Unidos. O parque protege o canto noroeste do deserto do Mojave e é caracterizado por desertos de sal, dunas, badlands, vales, desfiladeiros e montanhas. É o maior parque nacional dos 48 estados e foi considerado como Reserva Internacional de Biosfera. Cerca de 95% do parque é designado como área selvagem. É o parque mais seco e quente dos parques nacionais americanos. O segundo local mais baixo do hemisfério ocidental fica situado em Badwater Basin, a 86 m abixo do nível do mar. O parque alberga muitas espécies de plantas e animais que se adaptaram às extremas condições de vida deste deserto. Alguns exemplos incluem o arbusto larrea tridentata, o carneiro-selvagem, o coiote e o peixe do Vale da Morte, um sobrevivente de tempos anteriores mais húmidos.

Cerca de 7000 a.C., o vale era habitado por grupos de povos nativos americanos, e, mais recentemente, por volta de 1000 d.C., pelos Timbisha, que se movimentavam entre o vale no Inverno, e as montanha no Verão. Em 1849, um grupo de americanos de origem europeia, que tinha ficado preso no vale em busca de um caminho mais curto para as zonas ricas em ouro da Califórnia, deu o nome ao vale, embora apenas um membro do grupo ali tenha morrido. Algumas pequenas cidade foram estabelecidas no vale, durante os séculos XIX e XX, para a recolha de ouro e prata, mas tiveram uma curta duração. O único minério rentável que foi extraído foi o bórax, que ra transportado para fora do vale com a utilização de carros puxados por 18 mulas e dois cavalos. Mais tarde, o vale tornar-se-ía no tema de livros, programas de rádio, séries de televisão e filmes. O turismo começou a surgir na década de 1920, quando foram construídos resorts em redor de Stovepipe Wells e Furnace Creek. O Monumento Nacional do Vale da Morte foi declarado em 1933, com a consequente expansão do parque, tornando-se num parque nacional em 1994.O ambiente natural do local tem origem na sua geologia cacaterística. O próprio vale é um graben. As rochas mais antigas são, maioritariamente, metemórficas, e, pelo menos, 1,7 bilhões de anos. Os antigos e quentes mares depositaram depósitos marinhos até que o efeito de rifting abriu o oceano Pacífico, dando origem a mais sedimentação até que uma zona de subducção se formou ao largo da costa. Estas alterações provocaram a subida da região, em relação ao mar, e criaram uma linha de vulcões. Mais tarde, a crosta começou a separar-se, dando origem à zona de Basin e Range. Os vales encheram-se de sedimentos e, durante as épocas húmidas da glaciação, com lagos como o Manly.

== Referências ==

Source: Parque Nacional do Vale da Morte

zh 死亡谷國家公園

死亡谷國家公園(Death Valley National Park)是美国国家公园,位于美国干旱的大盆地里内华达山脉东部的加州和内华达州。该公园包围着莫哈韦沙漠(Mojave Desert)的西北角,而且包括盐滩、沙丘、崎岖地、山谷、峡谷和群山等多样化的沙漠环境。该公园是美国本土48个州中最大的国家公园,并已被宣布为国际生物圈保护区。死亡谷国家公园是美国最热和最干旱的国家公园。恶水盆地是西半球的第二个最低点,低于海平面282英尺(86米)。许多已经适应了这种恶劣的沙漠环境的植物和动物栖息于此,其中包括墨西哥三齿拉瑞阿(creosote bush)、大角羊、郊狼(也叫草原狼或北美小狼)和死谷鳉鱼。死谷鳉鱼是多雨时期的幸存者。该公园占了5270平方英里(13649平方公里)的土地,其中5194平方英里(13452平方公里)隶属联邦土地。该公园大约95%的地区被指定为莽原区域,占地4774平方英里(12360平方公里),使其成了美国本土48个州中最大的国家公园,而且是整个美国第六大国家公园。

早至公元前7000年一个又一个居住于此的印第安族群到最近公元1000年左右的蒂姆比瑟(Timbisha,译意为“Red Rock Face Paint”即红岩脸彩)人在死谷的冬季营地和高原山脉的夏季基地之间迁徙。首次记载进入死谷的非印第安人是那些在1849年冬季到加州黄金之地并想寻找一条捷径之人。他们已被阻而呆了几周。虽然他们这群人在穿越该山谷的过程中,只有一人死于那儿,但该山谷却以此而得名——死谷。19世纪末至20世纪初,几个短期繁荣的城镇快速发展起来以开采小的当地的黄金富矿脉。然而,唯一一个长期盈利的矿石开采是硼砂。硼砂是用于制造肥皂的一种重要的工业化合物。如今,硼砂是抗高温的硼硅玻璃产品的一种非常重要组成成分,比如,某些派莱克斯耐热玻璃产品。二十骡队曾被用于将矿石运出死谷;而且骡队也使死谷声名远扬并成为书籍、广播节目、电视剧以及电影的主题。20世纪20年代,旅游业蓬勃发展。当时,旅游胜地沿着火炉管井(Stovepipe Wells)和炉溪的水源建了起来。主要的地主——太平洋海岸硼砂公司和其他人,像死谷斯科特(原名为沃尔特·爱德华·佩里·斯科特Walter Edward Perry Scott)促进了该地区的发展。1933年,死谷国家遗址被宣布为美国国家遗址,并将该区域置于联邦的保护之下。1994年,该遗址被重新定名为国家公园,同时还被大幅扩充至包括盐谷和尤里卡(Eureka)谷在内的地盘。

死谷国家公园地区的自然环境大部分已经由于其地质而成形。死谷本身其实是一个地堑。最古老的岩石普遍变质而成,而且有至少17亿年的历史。古老而温暖的浅海沉积了海洋沉积物,直到断裂(谷)打开了太平洋。直至一个潜没带在距离海岸处形成前,额外的沉积作用一直存在。这个潜没带的形成过程将海洋隆出了此区域并产生了一条火山线路。后来,地壳开始拉开,产生了目前的盆岭地貌。各个山谷不仅充满了沉积物,还在各个冰川期的雨季期间产生了各种湖泊,比如曼利湖。

Source: 死亡谷國家公園

Wikivoyage

English Death Valley National Park

This national park is the location of North America's lowest point, Badwater (although it is surrounded by mountain ranges). Death Valley is among the hottest locations on Earth, and while it is also very dry, rain that does come can be heavy. There are areas of sand dunes, although at Badwater it is very flat and you can easily see across to the mountain ranges on the sides of Death Valley.

SourceDeserts (en.wikivoyage.org)
Last Edit2018-11-20

Places located in Death Valley National Park

Death Valley

Death Valley is a desert valley in Eastern California, in the northern Mojave Desert, bordering the Great Basin Desert. It is one of the hottest places on Earth, along with deserts in the Middle East and the Sahara.Death Valley's Badwater Basin is the point of lowest elevation in North America, at 282 feet (86 m) below sea level. It is 84.6 miles (136.2 km) east-southeast of Mount Whitney, the highest point in the contiguous United States, with an elevation of 14,505 feet (4,421 m). On the afternoon of July 10, 1913, the United States Weather Bureau recorded a high temperature of 134 °F (56.7 °C) at Furnace Creek in Death Valley, which stands as the highest ambient air temperature ever recorded at the surface of the Earth. This reading, however, and several others taken in that period, a century ago, are in dispute by some modern experts.Lying mostly in Inyo County, California, near the border of California and Nevada, in the Great Basin, east of the Sierra Nevada mountains, Death Valley constitutes much of Death Valley National Park and is the principal feature of the Mojave and Colorado Deserts Biosphere Reserve. It runs from north to south between the Amargosa Range on the east and the Panamint Range on the west; the Grapevine Mountains and the Owlshead Mountains form its northern and southern boundaries, respectively. It has an area of about 3,000 sq mi (7,800 km2). The highest point in Death Valley National Park is Telescope Peak, in the Panamint Range, which has an elevation of 11,043 feet (3,366 m).

Ashford Mill

Ashford Mill is a former mining town settlement in Inyo County, California. It was located in Death Valley, at an elevation of 121 feet (37 m) below sea level. The place is now protected ruins within Death Valley National Park.

The original mill at the site was built in 1914 by brothers named Ashford.

The ore was processed here from the Golden Treasure Mine 5 miles to the east in the Amargosa Range, and processed for further smelting.

Badwater Basin

Badwater Basin is an endorheic basin in Death Valley National Park, Death Valley, Inyo County, California, noted as the lowest point in North America, with a depth of 282 ft (86 m) below sea level. Mount Whitney, the highest point in the contiguous 48 United States, is only 84.6 miles (136 km) to the northwest.The site itself consists of a small spring-fed pool of "bad water" next to the road in a sink; the accumulated salts of the surrounding basin make it undrinkable, thus giving it the name. The pool does have animal and plant life, including pickleweed, aquatic insects, and the Badwater snail.

Adjacent to the pool, where water is not always present at the surface, repeated freeze–thaw and evaporation cycles gradually push the thin salt crust into hexagonal honeycomb shapes.

The pool is not the lowest point of the basin: the lowest point (which is only slightly lower) is several miles to the west and varies in position, depending on rainfall and evaporation patterns. The salt flats are hazardous to traverse (in many cases being only a thin white crust over mud), and so the sign marking the low point is at the pool instead. The basin was considered the lowest elevation in the Western Hemisphere until the discovery of Laguna del Carbón in Argentina at −344 ft (−105 m).

Lake Manly

Lake Manly was a pluvial lake in Death Valley, California, covering much of Death Valley with a surface area of 1,600 square kilometres (620 sq mi) during the so-called "Blackwelder stand". Water levels varied through its history, and the chronology is further complicated by active tectonic processes that have modified the elevations of the various shorelines of Lake Manly; during the Blackwelder stage they reached 47–90 metres (154–295 ft) above sea level. The lake received water mainly from the Amargosa River and at various points from the Mojave River and Owens River. The lake and its substantial catchment favoured the spread of a number of aquatic species, including some lizards, pupfish and springsnails. The lake probably supported a substantial ecosystem, and a number of diatoms developed there.

In Death Valley, lakes existed during different times in the geological past. After some poorly defined lake stages during the Miocene, Pliocene and early Pleistocene, the first large lake stage occurred about 185,000–128,000 years ago during the Tahoe glacial stage and formed the Blackwelder shorelines. This lake was the largest known Lake Manly; theories that the lake merged with Lake Mojave farther south or even overflowed into the Colorado River close to Ludlow and across several other basins are, however, questionable. After the drying of this lake a later lake stage occurred 35,000–10,000 years ago during the Tioga/Wisconsin glaciation; this lake was smaller than the Blackwelder lake. During the Holocene, the lake disappeared; today only ephemeral lakes occur in Death Valley during strong floods.

This lake is one among many major lakes that formed in the Great Basin, the best researched of which are Lake Lahontan and Lake Bonneville. Decreasing temperatures and thus decreased evaporation rates as well as increased precipitation rates during the ice ages were responsible for the formation of these lake systems. Lake Manly collected the overflow from a number of lakes including Lake Tecopa, Mono Lake, Owens Lake, Searles Lake, Lake Panamint, Lake Mojave, Lake Dumont and Lake Manix. Not all of them existed or drained into Lake Manly simultaneously.

Furnace Creek

Furnace Creek is a census-designated place (CDP) in Inyo County, California. The population was 24 at the 2010 census, down from 31 at the 2000 census. The elevation of the village is 190 feet (58 m) below sea level. Furnace Creek holds the record for the highest recorded air temperature on Earth at 134 °F (56.7 °C) on July 10, 1913, although the reliability of this record has been disputed. Furnace Creek also holds the record for the highest recorded natural ground surface temperature on Earth at 201 °F (93.9 °C) on July 15, 1972.

The visitor center, museum, and headquarters of the Death Valley National Park are located at Furnace Creek.

Amargosa Range

The Amargosa Range is a mountain range in Inyo County, California and Nye County, Nevada. The 110-mile (180 km) range runs along most of the eastern side of California's Death Valley, separating it from Nevada's Amargosa Desert. The U-shaped Amargosa River flows clockwise around the perimeter of the range, ending 279 feet (85 m) below sea level in the Badwater Basin.

The mountain range is named after the Amargosa River, so-named for the Spanish word for bitter because of the bitter taste of the water.In order from north to south, the Grapevine Mountains (including the range's highest point, 8,738 feet (2,663 m) Grapevine Peak), the Funeral Mountains, and the Black Mountains form distinct sections. Many of Death Valley National Park's most well-known features, such as Zabriskie Point and Artists Drive are located in or are part of the Amargosa Range.

Darwin Falls

Darwin Falls is a waterfall located on the western edge of Death Valley National Park near the settlement of Panamint Springs, California. Although there exists a similarly named Darwin Falls Wilderness adjacent to the falls, the falls themselves are located in and administered by Death Valley National Park and the National Park Service. There are several falls, but they are mainly divided into the upper and lower with a small grotto in between. At a combined 80 feet (24 m), it is the highest waterfall in the park. The canyon is walled by dramatic plutonic rock.

Darwin Creek is one of the four perennial streams in three million-acre (12,000 km²) Death Valley National Park. Darwin Falls and Creek are fed by the Darwin Wash, which is in turn fed by the volcanic tableland of the Darwin Bench between the Inyo Mountains and the Argus Range. The small, narrow valley where the creek and falls are located features a rare collection of riparian greenery in the vast desert and is home to indigenous fauna such as quail. The falls themselves support several small fern gullys.

Darwin Falls, the Darwin Falls Wilderness, the nearby town of Darwin, California, and all other areas named "Darwin" in the vicinity are named after Dr. Darwin French (1822–1902), a local rancher, miner, and explorer.

Panamint Range

The Panamint Range is a short rugged fault-block mountain range in the northern Mojave Desert, within Death Valley National Park in Inyo County, eastern California. Dr. Darwin French is credited as applying the term Panamint in 1860 during his search for the fabled Gunsight Lode. The orographic identity has been liberally applied for decades to include other ranges.

The origin of the name is the Paiute or Koso word Panümünt or Pa (water) and nïwïnsti (person).

Zabriskie Point

Zabriskie Point is a part of the Amargosa Range located east of Death Valley in Death Valley National Park in California, United States, noted for its erosional landscape. It is composed of sediments from Furnace Creek Lake, which dried up 5 million years ago—long before Death Valley came into existence.

Aguereberry Point

Aguereberry Point is a promontory and tourist viewpoint in the Panamint Range, within Death Valley National Park in Inyo County, eastern California.

The point's elevation reaches 6,433 ft and is named for Jean Pierre "Pete" Aguereberry, a Basque miner who was born in 1874, emigrated from France in 1890, and lived at and worked the nearby Eureka Mine from 1905 to his death in 1945.From this viewpoint, one can see the surrounding Panamint Range extending to the north and south; Death Valley to the east, with Furnace Creek and the salt flats of Badwater Basin to the southeast; and Mount Charleston in Nevada far to the east.

Racetrack Playa

The Racetrack Playa, or The Racetrack, is a scenic dry lake feature with "sailing stones" that inscribe linear "racetrack" imprints. It is located above the northwestern side of Death Valley, in Death Valley National Park, Inyo County, California, U.S.A.

Telescope Peak

Telescope Peak is the highest point within Death Valley National Park, in the U.S. state of California. It is also the highest point of the Panamint Range, and lies in Inyo County. From atop this desert mountain one can see for over one hundred miles in many directions, including west to Mount Whitney, and east to Charleston Peak. The mountain was named for the great distance visible from the summit.

Titus Canyon

Titus Canyon is a deep, narrow gorge cut into the steep face of the Grapevine Mountains of the Mojave Desert, within Death Valley National Park in southeastern California and southwestern Nevada. The canyon features limestone rock formations, petroglyphs, and native plants and wildlife.

Stovepipe Wells

Stovepipe Wells is a small way-station in the northern part of Death Valley, in unincorporated community Inyo County, California.

Ubehebe Crater

Ubehebe Crater is a large volcanic crater of the Ubehebe Craters volcanic field in the northern half of Death Valley, in Death Valley National Park, California, USA.

Scotty's Castle

Scotty's Castle (also known as Death Valley Ranch) is a two-story Mission Revival and Spanish Colonial Revival style villa located in the Grapevine Mountains of northern Death Valley in Death Valley National Park, California, US. Scotty's Castle is named for gold prospector Walter E. Scott, although Scott never owned it, nor is it an actual castle.

The ranch is located about 45 miles north of Stovepipe Wells, California, via California State Route 190 to Scotty's Castle Road, or about a three-hour drive from Las Vegas, Nevada.The property was severely damaged by flooding in October 2015 and is not currently open to the public.

Furnace Creek Inn and Ranch Resort

The Oasis at Death Valley, formerly called Furnace Creek Inn and Ranch Resort, is a luxury resort in Furnace Creek, on private land within the boundaries of California's Death Valley National Park. It is owned and operated by Xanterra Parks and Resorts.

The Inn at Death Valley is a member of Historic Hotels of America, the official program of the National Trust for Historic Preservation.

Dante's View

Dante's View is a viewpoint terrace at 1,669 m (5,476 ft) height, on the north side of Coffin Peak, along the crest of the Black Mountains, overlooking Death Valley. Dante's View is about 25 km (16 mi) south of Furnace Creek in Death Valley National Park.

Grapevine Peak

Grapevine Peak is the highest mountain in the Grapevine Mountains of Nye County in Nevada, United States. It is the fourth-most topographically prominent peak in Nye County and ranks seventeenth among the most topographically prominent peaks in Nevada. The peak is located within the boundaries of Death Valley National Park.

Teakettle Junction

Teakettle Junction is a junction in Inyo County, California. It lies at an elevation of 4,150 feet (1,260 m). It is in Death Valley near the Racetrack Playa, and Ubehebe Crater.

At the junction where the unimproved road from Ubehebe Crater meets roads to the Racetrack Playa and Hunter Mountain, there is a sign reading "Teakettle Junction," with many teakettles that visitors have attached to it, with messages written on them.

Barker Ranch

For the community in Yuba County, California, formerly named Barker Ranch, see Woodleaf, California.

Barker Ranch is located inside Death Valley National Park in eastern California. Used as a mining and recreational property from the 1940s to the 1960s, it is infamous due to its association with Charles Manson and his "family".

Badwater Ultramarathon

The Badwater Ultramarathon describes itself as "the world's toughest foot race". It is a 135-mile (217 km) course starting at 279 feet (85 m) below sea level in the Badwater Basin, in California's Death Valley, and ending at an elevation of 8360 feet (2548 m) at Whitney Portal, the trailhead to Mount Whitney. It takes place annually in mid-July, when the weather conditions are most extreme and temperatures can reach 130 °F (54 °C). Consequently, very few people—even among ultramarathoners—are capable of finishing the race.

Nearby

Goldwell Open Air Museum49.6 km
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Image from Wikimedia Commons under CC BY-SA 2.0 by Greg Willis from Denver, CO, usa