Yosemite National Park

File:Half Dome with Eastern Yosemite Valley (50MP).jpg

National Park in California, United States

Tourist attraction

Wikimedia Commons
Wikimedia Commons category: Yosemite National Park

Geographical coordinates: 37.741667 -119.577778

Wikipedia

English Yosemite National Park

Yosemite National Park ( yoh-SEM-i-tee) is an American national park located in the western Sierra Nevada of Central California, bounded on the southeast by Sierra National Forest and on the northwest by Stanislaus National Forest. The park is managed by the National Park Service and covers an area of 748,436 acres (1,169 sq mi; 3,029 km2) and sits in four counties: centered in Tuolumne and Mariposa, extending north and east to Mono and south to Madera County. Designated a World Heritage site in 1984, Yosemite is internationally recognized for its granite cliffs, waterfalls, clear streams, giant sequoia groves, lakes, mountains, meadows, glaciers, and biological diversity. Almost 95% of the park is designated wilderness.On average, about four million people visit Yosemite each year, and most spend the majority of their time in the seven square miles (18 km2) of Yosemite Valley. The park set a visitation record in 2016, surpassing five million visitors for the first time in its history. Yosemite was central to the development of the national park idea. Galen Clark and others lobbied to protect Yosemite Valley from development, ultimately leading to President Abraham Lincoln's signing the Yosemite Grant in 1864. John Muir led a successful movement to have Congress establish a larger national park by 1890, one which encompassed the valley and its surrounding mountains and forests, paving the way for the National Park System.Yosemite is one of the largest and least fragmented habitat blocks in the Sierra Nevada, and the park supports a diversity of plants and animals. The park has an elevation range from 2,127 to 13,114 feet (648 to 3,997 m) and contains five major vegetation zones: chaparral and oak woodland, lower montane forest, upper montane forest, subalpine zone, and alpine. Of California's 7,000 plant species, about 50% occur in the Sierra Nevada and more than 20% are within Yosemite. The park contains suitable habitat for more than 160 rare plants, with rare local geologic formations and unique soils characterizing the restricted ranges many of these plants occupy.The geology of the Yosemite area is characterized by granitic rocks and remnants of older rock. About 10 million years ago, the Sierra Nevada was uplifted and then tilted to form its relatively gentle western slopes and the more dramatic eastern slopes. The uplift increased the steepness of stream and river beds, resulting in the formation of deep, narrow canyons. About one million years ago, snow and ice accumulated, forming glaciers at the higher alpine meadows that moved down the river valleys. Ice thickness in Yosemite Valley may have reached 4,000 feet (1,200 m) during the early glacial episode. The downslope movement of the ice masses cut and sculpted the U-shaped valley that attracts so many visitors to its scenic vistas today.The name "Yosemite" (meaning "killer" in Miwok) originally referred to the name of a tribe which was driven out of the area (and possibly annihilated) by the Mariposa Battalion. Previously, the area had been called "Ahwahnee" ("big mouth") by indigenous people.

Source: Yosemite National Park

German Yosemite-Nationalpark

Der Yosemite-Nationalpark [joʊˈsɛməti] ist ein Nationalpark in den Vereinigten Staaten. Er liegt in Kalifornien, etwa 300 Kilometer östlich von San Francisco. Flächenmäßig erstreckt er sich über 3081 Quadratkilometer entlang der westlichen Hänge der Sierra Nevada. Jährlich zieht der Yosemite-Nationalpark vier Millionen Besucher an, von denen ein Großteil lediglich den zentralen Teil des Parks, das Yosemite Valley, besichtigt.

Das Gebiet des heutigen Parks war das erste, das von der Bundesregierung der Vereinigten Staaten offiziell als Park eingeplant war. Der Park wurde 1864 auf der Grundlage des kalifornischen Rechts geschaffen und 1890 von der Bundesregierung übernommen. Er ist der drittälteste Nationalpark der USA und weltweit. Im Jahr 1984 wurde er zum UNESCO-Weltnaturerbe erklärt, da seine beeindruckenden Felsen aus Granit, seine Wasserfälle und klaren Bäche, die Haine von Riesenmammutbäumen und seine Artenvielfalt weltweit bekannt sind.

Der Park stellt einen der größten und am wenigsten fragmentierten Lebensräume der Sierra Nevada dar, der eine Fülle von Pflanzen und Tieren beheimatet. Er liegt in einer Höhe von 600 bis fast 4000 Metern ü. NN, in ihm befinden sich höhenbedingt fünf verschiedene Ökosysteme. Von den 7000 in Kalifornien beheimateten Pflanzenarten sind etwa 50 Prozent in der Sierra Nevada zu finden, wobei mehr als 20 Prozent innerhalb der Parkfläche angesiedelt sind. Für mehr als 160 seltene Pflanzenarten bietet der Park den passenden Lebensraum, mit wenig lokaler geologischer Formation und einzigartigen Böden, die bezeichnend sind für die eingeschränkten räumlichen Verhältnisse, denen sich diese Pflanzen anpassen müssen.

Source: Yosemite-Nationalpark

Polish Park Narodowy Yosemite

Park Narodowy Yosemite [joʊˈsɛmɨtiː] (ang. Yosemite National Park) – park narodowy położony w USA, w środkowej Kalifornii, na zachodnich zboczach gór Sierra Nevada. Park zarządzany jest przez National Park Service (Służba Parków Narodowych) i zajmuje powierzchnię ok. 3030 km² (747 956 akrów). Każdego roku jest odwiedzany przez przeszło 3,6 miliona turystów, przy czym większość z nich spędza swój czas na obszarze Doliny Yosemite o powierzchni ok. 18 km². W 1984 r. park został wpisany na Listę światowego dziedzictwa UNESCO. Jest najbardziej znany ze względu na granitowe urwiska, wodospady, czyste potoki, skupiska mamutowców olbrzymich (sekwoi) oraz różnorodność biologiczną. Ponad 95% powierzchni parku stanowią tereny nieprzekształcone w znacznym stopniu przez człowieka.

Wysokości na terenie parku wahają się od 648 do 3997 m n.p.m. Wyróżnia się tutaj pięć stref roślinności (m.in.: chaparral oraz strefę alpejską). Spośród ok. 7000 gatunków roślin, występujących w Kalifornii, połowa pojawia się na terenie gór Sierra Nevada, a ok. 20% na obszarze Parku Narodowego Yosemite. Jest to siedlisko dla ok. 160 gatunków zagrożonych.

Source: Park Narodowy Yosemite

Russian Йосемитский национальный парк

Йосе́митский национа́льный па́рк (англ. Yosemite National Park — национальный парк Йосемите) — национальный парк, расположенный в округах Мадера, Марипоса и Туолумне (англ. Madera, Mariposa, Tuolumne) штата Калифорния, США. Занимает площадь в 3081 км² и находится на западных склонах горного хребта Сьерра-Невада. Славится своими ландшафтами и природой: впечатляющие гранитные скалы, водопады, реки с чистой водой, рощи секвойядендронов и богатое биологическое разнообразие (почти 95 % парка считается зоной дикой природы). В 1984 году парк получил статус «Всемирного наследия» под эгидой ЮНЕСКО. Был с самого начала задуман именно как национальный парк (хотя национальные парки существовали и ранее). Среди его организаторов — один из первых защитников идеи заповедников Джон Мьюр (англ. John Muir). Каждый год парк посещают 4—5 миллионов человек; большинство останавливается только в Йосемитской долине.

Парк является одной из крупнейших и нерасчленённых территорий сохранения дикой природы в районе Сьерра-Невады; местная фауна и флора чрезвычайно разнообразна. Расположенный на высоте от 600 до 4000 м над уровнем моря, парк включает пять основных зон растительности: густые заросли кустарников и дубов, нижний горный лес, верхний горный лес, субальпийский и альпийский пояса. Из 7000 видов растений, растущих в Калифорнии, приблизительно половина встречается в горах Сьерра-Невады, а пятая часть — на территории самого парка. Здесь в результате редкой геологической формации и уникальных почв удобное место для произрастания более чем 160 редких видов растений.

Геологическое строение территории парка характеризуется наличием гранитных и остатками ещё более древних каменных пород. Около 10 миллионов лет назад горы Сьерра-Невады повысились и затем наклонились таким образом, что западный склон стал более пологим, а восточный, обращённый в сторону материка, более обрывистым. Подъём увеличил крутизну водных потоков и русла рек, в результате образовав глубокие и узкие каньоны. Около миллиона лет назад накопившийся на вершинах снег и лёд образовал в районах современных субальпийского и альпийского поясов ледники, таким образом опустив долины рек вниз по склону. В первый ледниковый период толщина льда в ледниках составляла до 1200 м. Дальнейшее сползание ледниковых масс образовало троговую (U-образную) долину, которая в настоящее время и привлекает массу туристов, охотящихся за красивыми пейзажами.

Source: Йосемитский национальный парк

Ukrainian Йосеміті (національний парк)

Націона́льний па́рк «Йосе́міті» (англ. Yosemite National Park) — національний парк, розташований в округах Маріпоса (англ. Mariposa County) і Туолемі (англ. Tuolumne County) в штаті Каліфорнія, США. Парк займає площу 3081 км² і знаходиться на західних схилах гірського хребта Сьєрра-Невада. Парк відвідують приблизно 3 млн чоловік в рік, більшість з них зупиняються тільки в долині Йосеміті. У 1984 році парк отримав статус Всесвітньої спадщини під егідою ЮНЕСКО, і відтоді користується міжнародним визнанням за вражаючі гранітні скелі, водоспади, річки з чистою водою, гаї секвоядендронів і багату біологічну різноманітність (близько 89% парку вважається зоною дикої природи). Хоча це не перший парк, що отримав статус національного, з самого заснування будувався з ідеєю саме національного парку, завдяки роботі таких людей, як один з перших захисників ідеї заповідників Джон М'юр, і фактично був першим у світі заповідником.

Source: Йосеміті (національний парк)

cs Národní park Yosemite

Yosemitský národní park (anglicky Yosemite National Park, vyslov , česky též Yosemity (pomnož.)) je národní park, který se rozkládá v okresech Tuolumne, Mariposa a Madera na východě střední Kalifornie na ploše 3081 km² v horách Sierry Nevady.Tento přírodní park, jenž byl za národní prohlášen již v roce 1890 a v roce 1984 zařazen na seznam světového dědictví UNESCO, navštíví každoročně přes 3,5 milionu turistů, z nichž většina omezí svou návštěvu na 18 km² Yosemitského údolí podél řeky Merced. Kolem ní se rozkládají skaliska, z nichž padá nejvyšší vodopád v Severní Americe, Yosemitský vodopád (v létě suchý). Tvoří jej Horní (425 m) a Dolní (98 m) vodopád, mezi nimiž je série kaskád (205 m). Společně měří celkem 739 metrů. Druhou dominantou parku je nejvyšší žulový monolit na světě zvaný El Capitan, který svými 1095 metry během sezóny každodenně potrápí řadu horolezců. Za návštěvu určitě stojí též monumentální 1450 m vysoký žulový útvar zvaný Half Dome a pod ním se nacházející vodopády Vernal (prý nejkrásnější v parku) a Nevada.

Yosemitský národní park je světově proslulý svými velkolepými žulovými skalisky, vodopády, sekvojovými lesy a biologickou diverzitou. I když nebyl prvním národním parkem, měl a má mimořádný význam ve vývoji idey národních parků, a to zejména díky práci lidí jako John Muir a Galen Clark.

Yosemite je jedna z největších a nejsouvislejších neporušených přírodních oblastí v Sierra Nevadě a park chrání celou škálu rostlin a živočichů. Nadmořská výška se pohybuje od 600 do 4 000 m a zahrnuje pět hlavních vegetačních pásem: chaparral a podhorské doubravy, nižší horské, vyšší horské, subalpinské a alpinské pásmo. Ze 7000 kalifornských druhů rostlin jich asi 50% najdeme v Sierra Nevadě a přes 20% v Yosemitech. Je zde zdokumentován významný výskyt více než 160 vzácných rostlin, vzácné geologické útvary a jedinečné půdy, které mnoho těchto rostlin potřebuje.Geologie Yosemit je charakterizována žulovými skalami a zbytky starších hornin. Asi před 10 milióny let byla Sierra Nevada vyzvednuta podél zlomových linií a potom nakloněna, čímž vznikly relativně mírné západní svahy a mnohem prudší spád na východě. Vyvýšení zvětšilo spád vodních toků, které pak vymlely hluboké a úzké kaňony. Asi před 1 miliónem let zde na výše položených alpinských loukách z nahromaděného sněhu a ledu vznikly ledovce, které se posouvaly říčními údolími dolů. Tloušťka ledu v Yosemitském údolí mohla během raného zalednění dosahovat až 1200 m. Posun ledové masy dolů vymodeloval údolí do tvaru U.

Source: Národní park Yosemite

Spanish Parque nacional de Yosemite

El Parque Nacional de Yosemite (en inglés Yosemite National Park, pronunciado joʊˈsɛmɨtiː) se ubica a aproximadamente 320 km al este de San Francisco, en California, Estados Unidos. Cubre un área de 3081 km² y se extiende a través de las laderas orientales de la cadena montañosa de Sierra Nevada. Es visitado por más de cuatro millones de personas cada año, y la gran mayoría solo recorre la parte del valle de Yosemite. Fue nombrado Patrimonio Mundial de la Humanidad por la Unesco en 1984 y es reconocido internacionalmente por sus acantilados de granito, saltos de agua, ríos cristalinos, bosques de secuoyas gigantes y la gran diversidad biológica (cerca del 95% del área del parque está designada área silvestre). Fue el primer parque dispuesto por el gobierno federal de los Estados Unidos y a través del trabajo de personas como John Muir fue un punto relevante en el desarrollo de la idea de parques nacionales.

Yosemite es uno de los hábitats más grandes y menos fragmentado, posee una gran diversidad de plantas y animales. El parque tiene una elevación que va de 600 a 4000 metros y contiene cinco zonas principales de vegetación: área boscosa de robles, vegetación de baja montaña, vegetación de alta montaña, vegetación subalpina y vegetación alpina. De las 7000 especies de plantas de California, cerca del 50% se encuentran en Sierra Nevada, y más del 20% dentro del parque.

Source: Parque nacional de Yosemite

French Parc national de Yosemite

Le parc national de Yosemite (en anglais : Yosemite National Park ; prononcé en API : [joʊ.ˈsɛm.ɪ.ti]) est un parc national américain, situé dans les montagnes de la Sierra Nevada, dans l'est de l'État de Californie. Avec une superficie totale de 3 081 km2, il est le troisième plus grand parc national de Californie après ceux de la vallée de la Mort et de Joshua Tree. Classé parc national le 1er octobre 1890, Yosemite est le deuxième plus ancien de l'histoire des États-Unis, après celui de Yellowstone.

Plus de 3,5 millions de touristes le fréquentent chaque année avec un record de 5 millions en 2016, ce qui en fait, avec le Grand Canyon et les Great Smoky Mountains, l'un des sites naturels les plus visités du pays. Ses chutes d'eau et ses dômes granitiques spectaculaires attirent chaque année des milliers de randonneurs et grimpeurs venant du monde entier. Yosemite est un parc de haute montagne dont la diversité naturelle et paysagère est reconnue patrimoine mondial par l'UNESCO en 1984. Cependant, l'intense fréquentation touristique, au printemps et en été, pose des problèmes environnementaux dans la vallée de Yosemite.

Source: Parc national de Yosemite

Italian Parco nazionale di Yosemite

Il parco nazionale di Yosemite [joʊˈsɛmɨtiː] è un'area naturale protetta degli Stati Uniti che si trova nello Stato della California, nella catena montuosa della Sierra Nevada, tra le contee di Mariposa e Tuolumne, all'interno della Yosemite Valley.

Source: Parco nazionale di Yosemite

Japanese ヨセミテ国立公園

ヨセミテ国立公園(ヨセミテこくりつこうえん、Yosemite National Park [joʊˈsɛmɨti] )は、アメリカ合衆国カリフォルニア州中央部のマリポサ郡及びトゥオルミ郡にある、自然保護を目的とした国立公園である。そこに住んでいたネイティブアメリカンの部族の呼称から名づけられた。

1864年、州立公園に指定。1890年、国立公園に指定。1984年、ユネスコの世界遺産(自然遺産)に登録された。

Source: ヨセミテ国立公園

pt Parque Nacional de Yosemite

O Parque Nacional de Yosemite (em inglês: Yosemite National Park) é um parque nacional norte-americano localizado nas montanhas da Serra Nevada, no estado da Califórnia, nos condados de Mariposa e Tuolumne.O parque cobre uma área de 3 081 km², estando a sua altitude compreendida entre os 600 e os 4 mil metros. O parque de Yosemite recebe a visita de cerca de três milhões de visitantes por ano, grande parte somente para ver o vale de Yosemite, mas no parque existem muitas outras atrações, pois é reconhecido internacionalmente pelos seus espetaculares desfiladeiros de granito, cascatas, arroios claros, bosques de sequoias gigantes e grande biodiversidade, que lhe valeram a designação de Património Mundial em 1984.Das sete mil espécies de plantas existentes na Califórnia, cerca de metade está na Serra Nevada, e mais de 20% das espécies concentra-se em Yosemite. O parque conta também com registros documentais da presença de mais de 160 plantas raras, com solos únicos e formações geológicas também elas raras, que caracterizam as áreas restritas que estas plantas ocupam.Geologicamente o parque caracteriza-se pela presença de rocha granítica e algumas rochas mais antigas. Há aproximadamente dez milhões de anos, a Serra Nevada sofreu uma elevação, tendo-se depois inclinado, o que levou a que as suas encostas ocidentais ficassem com declives ligeiros e as orientais com declives mais acentuados. A elevação resultou num aumento da inclinação dos leitos dos riachos e dos rios, resultando na formação de desfiladeiros profundos e estreitos. Há um milhão de anos, verificou-se uma acumulação de neve e gelo, formando glaciares nos prados alpinos mais altos, descendo depois para os vales percorridos pelos rios.A espessura do gelo no vale de Yosemite pode ter chegado aos 1,2 mil metros durante o início do período glaciar. O movimento de descida das massas de gelo esculpiu o vale em forma de U que tantos visitantes atrai hoje em dia.

Source: Parque Nacional de Yosemite

zh 優勝美地國家公園

優勝美地国家公园(英語:Yosemite National Park、/joʊˈsɛmɪti/ yoh-SEM-it-ee)是美国加州中东部横跨图奥勒米县、马里波萨县和马德拉县东部部分地区的国家公园。该公园占地747,956英畝(1,168.681平方英里;302,687公頃;3,026.87平方公里)并横跨内华达山脉西坡。優勝美地国家公园每年大约有三百八十多万游客:大部分人在七平方英里(约合十八平方公里)的约塞米蒂山谷逗留。1984年,優勝美地被选定为世界自然遗产,其壮观的花崗岩峭壁、瀑布、清澈的溪流、巨型红杉林和生物多樣性为国际所公认。该公园大约95%的地方被指定为公共莽原区。约塞米蒂虽然不是第一个指定的国家公园,但它对国家公园这个概念的发展起到了支配作用。这主要是由于像盖伦·克拉克和约翰·缪尔等人的工作所起的作用。

優勝美地是内华达山脉最大而且最不分散的栖息地之一。该公园还拥有植物和动物的多样性。该公园海拔从2,127至13,114英尺(648至3,997米)不等,还包括五个主要植被区:沙巴拉群落/橡树林地,低山地森林,高山地森林,亚高山植物和高山植物。加州7000种植物物种中,内华达山脉占了约50%,而约塞米蒂公园内占了20%多。该公园内记载的160多种稀有植物有着合适的栖息之地,以及以这些植物中的许多植物所占据的有限范围为特征的罕见的当地地质岩层和特有的土壤。

優勝美地地区的地质是以花岗岩和更老的岩石残留物为特点。大约一千万年前,内华达山脉隆起而后偏斜形成西部相对平缓的山丘以及令人着迷的东部山丘。这些隆起增加了溪流和河床的陡峭程度,产生了又深又窄的峡谷岩层。约一百万年前,雪和冰积累而形成了将那些河谷往里移动的较高的高山草甸上的冰川。早期冰川时期,约塞米蒂山谷的冰的厚度可达4,000英尺(1,200米)。大块冰的下坡运动切割并雕刻了如今吸引如此之多的游客到其风景优美的U形山谷观光。

2014年被用來命名Apple電腦作業系統OS X Yosemite。

Source: 優勝美地國家公園

Places located in Yosemite National Park

Yosemite Valley Lodge

Yosemite Lodge at the Falls, often referred to informally within the Park as "The Lodge" is located in western Yosemite Village, Yosemite National Park, Mariposa County, California. The lodging accommodation is close to Yosemite Falls.

The Lodge complex has a total of 245 rooms, located in a total of 15 separate buildings, including the main Lodge. Each offers from nine to thirty-one rooms. The Cedar Building is the only one to contain larger "family rooms". The buildings are named after species of flowers or trees.

The Lodge is the less expensive of the two options in the Yosemite Valley that offer hotel rooms. The other is Ahwahnee Hotel. Both of these are operated by concessionaires under contract to the National Park Service, which administers the Park. Since March 2016, the Lodge has been operated by Aramark.

The offerings of the Lodge complex were reduced by more than half following damage from the 100-year flood of January 1997, when the Merced River damaged or destroyed numerous cabins and more than 100 hotel rooms in other buildings.

Ahwahnee Hotel

The Ahwahnee Hotel is a grand hotel in Yosemite National Park, California, on the floor of Yosemite Valley, constructed from steel, stone, concrete, wood and glass, which opened in 1927. It is a premier example of National Park Service rustic architecture and was declared a National Historic Landmark in 1987. The hotel was built by two companies that were merged when the National Park Service began leasing concessions to a single concessionaire in 1925. The Curry Company, owned by David and Jennie Curry and the Yosemite Park Company, the owners of the Yosemite Lodge, became the new "Yosemite Park & Curry Company" headed by Donald Tresidder. The structure originally served as both a luxury hotel and the company offices of YPC&CC. Despite financial struggles, the YPC&CC remained the concessioner for the Ahwahnee Hotel until 1993, before the National Park Service required a new concessioner to buy the YPC&CC, creating a new company, Delaware North. Delaware North's contract ended on March 1, 2016 when The National Park Service selected Aramark as the new concessionaire.

The Ahwahnee was temporarily renamed the Majestic Yosemite Hotel in 2016, due to a legal dispute between the US Government, which owns the property, and the outgoing concessionaire, Delaware North, which claimed rights to the trademarked name. The name was restored in 2019 along with others in Yosemite, upon settlement of the dispute.

Olmsted Point

Olmstead Point is a viewing area off Tioga Pass Road in Yosemite National Park which offers a view south into Tenaya Canyon, giving, in particular, a view of the northern side of Half Dome, Clouds Rest, and a view of Tenaya Lake to the east. The granite slopes immediately south and southwest of the parking lot feature numerous glacial erratics scattered about, as well as a short 0.125mi (0.2km) trail leading south - through a small grove of trees - to the top of a small granite dome where the view of Clouds Rest and Half Dome is clearest.The site is named after landscape architects Frederick Law Olmsted and Frederick Law Olmsted, Jr.

Sierra Nevada

The Sierra Nevada () is a mountain range in the Western United States, between the Central Valley of California and the Great Basin. The vast majority of the range lies in the state of California, although the Carson Range spur lies primarily in Nevada. The Sierra Nevada is part of the American Cordillera, an almost continuous chain of mountain ranges that forms the western "backbone" of the Americas.

The Sierra runs 400 miles (640 km) north-south and is approximately 70 miles (110 km) across east-west. Notable Sierra features include General Sherman, the largest tree in the world by volume; Lake Tahoe, the largest alpine lake in North America; Mount Whitney at 14,505 ft (4,421 m), the highest point in the contiguous United States; and Yosemite Valley sculpted by glaciers from one-hundred-million-year-old granite, containing high waterfalls. The Sierra is home to three national parks, twenty wilderness areas, and two national monuments. These areas include Yosemite, Sequoia, and Kings Canyon National Parks; and Devils Postpile National Monument.

More than one hundred million years ago during the Nevadan orogeny, granite formed deep underground. The range started to uplift four million years ago, and erosion by glaciers exposed the granite and formed the light-colored mountains and cliffs that make up the range. The uplift caused a wide range of elevations and climates in the Sierra Nevada, which are reflected by the presence of five life zones (areas with similar plant and animal communities). Uplift continues due to faulting caused by tectonic forces, creating spectacular fault block escarpments along the eastern edge of the southern Sierra.

The Sierra Nevada has played an important role in the history of California and the United States. The California Gold Rush occurred in the western foothills from 1848 through 1855. Due to its inaccessibility, the range was not fully explored until 1912.

El Capitan

El Capitan (Spanish: El Capitán; The Captain or The Chief), also known as El Cap, is a vertical rock formation in Yosemite National Park, located on the north side of Yosemite Valley, near its western end. The granite monolith is about 3,000 feet (914 m) from base to summit along its tallest face, and is a popular objective for rock climbers.

The formation was named "El Capitan" by the Mariposa Battalion when they explored the valley in 1851. El Capitan ("the captain", "the chief") was taken to be a loose Spanish translation of the local Native American name for the cliff, variously transcribed as "To-to-kon oo-lah" or "To-tock-ah-noo-lah" (Miwok language). It is unclear if the Native American name referred to a specific tribal chief or simply meant "the chief" or "rock chief".The top of El Capitan can be reached by hiking out of Yosemite Valley on the trail next to Yosemite Falls, then proceeding west. For climbers, the challenge is to climb up the sheer granite face. There are many named climbing routes, all of them arduous, including Iron Hawk and Sea of Dreams.

Nevada Fall

Nevada Fall is a 594-foot (181 m) high waterfall on the Merced River in Yosemite National Park, California. It is located below the granite dome, Liberty Cap, at the west end of Little Yosemite Valley. The waterfall is widely recognized by its "bent" shape, in which the water free-falls for roughly the first third of its length to a steep slick-rock slope. This mid-fall impact of the water on the cliff face creates a turbulent, whitewater appearance in the fall and produces a great deal of mist which covers a wide radius, which led to its current name (Nevada is a Spanish word meaning "snowy").

The Indian name was Yo-wy-we, signifying the twist or squirm of the falling water. Lafayette Bunnell suggested the name "Nevada" for the waterfall. He wrote, "The Nevada Fall was so called because it was the nearest to the Sierra Nevada, and because the name was sufficiently indicative of a wintry companion for our spring (Vernal Fall)... The white, foaming water, as it dashed down Yo-wy-we from the snowy mountains, represented to my mind a vast avalanche of snow."The Emerald Pool forms on the "step" between Nevada Fall and Vernal Fall downstream. The 317-foot (97 m) high Vernal Fall is a short hike from the bottom of Nevada Fall. They form a cascade in which the Merced River flows down to Yosemite Valley.

This cascade is sometimes called the giant staircase, which is evident when viewed from above, at Glacier Point.

The hike to the top of Nevada Fall, along the Mist Trail, is 3 miles (4.8 km) from the trailhead in Yosemite Valley. One must first hike to Vernal Fall and then trek another 2 miles (3.2 km) to reach the top. The John Muir Trail, which starts near the trail to Happy Isles, goes to the top of Nevada Fall.

Yosemite Valley

Yosemite Valley ( yoh-SEM-i-tee) is a glacial valley in Yosemite National Park in the western Sierra Nevada mountains of Central California. The valley is about 7.5 miles (12 km) long and approximately 3000–3500 feet deep, surrounded by high granite summits such as Half Dome and El Capitan, and densely forested with pines. The valley is drained by the Merced River, and a multitude of streams and waterfalls flow into it, including Tenaya, Illilouette, Yosemite and Bridalveil Creeks. Yosemite Falls is the highest waterfall in North America, and is a big attraction especially in the spring when the water flow is at its peak. The valley is renowned for its natural environment, and is regarded as the centerpiece of Yosemite National Park, attracting visitors from around the world.

The Valley is the main attraction in the park for the majority of visitors, and a bustling hub of activity during tourist season in the summer months.

Most visitors enter the valley from roads to the west and pass through the Tunnel View entrance. Visitor facilities are located in the center of the valley. There are both hiking trail loops that stay within the valley and trailheads that lead to higher elevations, all of which afford glimpses of the park's many scenic wonders.

Yosemite Village

Yosemite Village (formerly, Yosemite and Yo Semite) is an unincorporated community in Mariposa County, California. It is located 44 miles (71 km) northeast of Mariposa, at an elevation of 3996 feet (1218 m).Yosemite Village is the primary developed place in Yosemite Valley and is located within the Yosemite National Park. Situated along the north side of the valley floor, its permanent population includes staff of the National Park Service, which administers the park, and some concession workers associated with various contracts in the Park.

The Village has some public facilities, such as a fire station, a post office (ZIP Code 95389), a medical clinic, a convenience store, restaurants, gift shops, a school (kindergarten through eighth grade). The Park's headquarters facilities and its main visitor center are also located here.

The Yosemite Lodge is located on the west end of the village near Yosemite Falls. The Ahwahnee Hotel is a few blocks to the north. Both are operated by concessionaires under contract to the National Park Service. The architecture of Yosemite Village is characterized by shed style and makes extensive use of native woods. The earliest 20th-century buildings were designed by landscape architect Charles Punchard, Jr., among others in the National Park Service.

The first US post office opened in 1869, originally named "Yo Semite." The spelling was changed to Yosemite in 1908 and to Yosemite National Park in 1922. In 1906, Major H.C. Benson was commanded to build and garrison Fort Yosemite in the valley. US Army troops were stationed at Fort Yosemite until 1916, when the National Park Service was established to administer Yosemite and other national parks.

Crane Flat Campground

Crane Flat Campground, elevation 6,200 feet (1,900 m), is located in Yosemite National Park, 17 miles (27 km) northwest of Yosemite Valley. Of all campgrounds outside of Yosemite Valley, Crane Flat is the closest to the Valley in terms of mileage and travel time (20 minutes). The campground is directly off the road. Each campsite contains a fire ring, picnic table, and food locker, and is near a bathroom with potable water and flushing toilets.

A reservation is required to stay at Crane Flat. Crane Flat is one of the more crowded campsites outside the Valley, but it is a little less noisy than those in the Valley. There are a total of 271 campsites in 5 different driving loops to choose from. The terrain of Crane Flat is very similar to campgrounds in the Valley though it is higher in elevation and not as flat. Trees surround and tower over the campsites making way for very shady campsite environments.

Directly outside of the campground entrance is Crane Flat Gas Station and Store. The campground is about 100 yards from the three roads branches: HWY 120W to San Francisco, HWY 120E to Tioga Road, Big Oak Flat Road to Yosemite Valley.

In the winter time, the campground is converted into a Snow Play Area. Parking in the winter for this snow play area is extremely limited.

Yosemite Falls

Yosemite Falls is the highest waterfall in Yosemite National Park, dropping a total of 2,425 feet (739 m) from the top of the upper fall to the base of the lower fall. Located in the Sierra Nevada of California, it is a major attraction in the park, especially in late spring when the water flow is at its peak.

Bridalveil Creek Campground

Bridalveil Creek Campground, located in southern area of Yosemite National Park along Glacier Point road, is a first-come first-served campground outside of Yosemite Valley. The campground is directly off the road and thus does not require a rough drive to the campground like other Yosemite campgrounds outside of the Valley (Yosemite Creek & Tamarack Flat are examples 2-4 mile unpaved roads leading into the campground off the main road). Bridalveil Creek Campground contains 110 campsites and is in the high-country at 7,000 feet (2,100 m). It is fairly isolated and quiet. This campground is especially good considering its proximity to Glacier Point. Given the convenience one can more easily drive to Glacier Point at night to survey the night sky.

The Valley is quite far from Bridalveil Creek and those looking to venture into northern regions of Yosemite National Park should expect a long drive.

Half Dome

Half Dome is a granite dome at the eastern end of Yosemite Valley in Yosemite National Park, California. It is a well-known rock formation in the park, named for its distinct shape. One side is a sheer face while the other three sides are smooth and round, making it appear like a dome cut in half. The granite crest rises more than 4,737 ft (1,444 m) above the valley floor. It is the basis for the Sierra logo.

Yosemite Museum

The Yosemite Museum is located in Yosemite Valley in Yosemite National Park in California. Founded in 1926 through the efforts of Ansel Franklin Hall, the museum's displays focus on the heritage and culture of the Ahwahnechee people who lived in the valley. The collection also includes both utilitarian and made-for-sale baskets dating from c. 1870 to present and is one of the only existing collections encompassing this depth and time span for any group in California.The adjacent Yosemite Valley Visitor Center features exhibits about the park's geology, wildlife, Native American and other settlers, John Muir, and the park's history.

Taft Point

Taft Point is a viewpoint in Yosemite National Park west of Glacier Point. It offers wide views of Yosemite Valley, Yosemite Falls and El Capitan. The main attraction of Taft Point is the giant fissures in the mile-high granite rock. The fissures are breaks and cracks in the mountain that drop directly down to the valley floor at some points.

The point is named after 27th President of the United States William Howard Taft, who, according to newspaper accounts, came across the point when he visited Yosemite for three days hosted by John Muir in October 1909. The two hiked from nearby Glacier Point down to the valley floor. President Taft planned the trip by horseback, but the horses brought for his use were all too small for his 300 plus pounds. His staff set luncheon for the president's party during the hike, including fried chicken. The lunch spot may have been near the flat ledge that has since become known as Taft Point.

Taft wrote of his hike, "While I am tired from the open air exercise, I feel greatly the better for it." He was sweat-drenched when he returned to the Sentinel Hotel in El Portal following the hike.

Tunnel View

Tunnel View is a scenic viewpoint on State Route 41 in Yosemite National Park. Visitors have seen and documented the iconic and expansive views of Yosemite Valley from the overlook since its opening in 1933. Internationally renowned artists to casual tourists have painted, drawn, and photographed the dramatic scenery from here and nearby vantage points since the 19th century.

The large viewpoint area is located directly east of the Wawona Tunnel portal, as one enters Yosemite Valley from points south. The view looks eastward into Yosemite Valley, and includes surrounding features, such as the southwest face of El Capitan on the left, Half Dome on axis, and Bridalveil Fall on the right.

For many arriving by road, this is the stunning first view, upon suddenly exiting the long and dark tunnel, of Yosemite Valley and its setting. A turn out with parking lot accommodates leaving vehicles behind, to take it all in. The trailhead, for the hiking trail up and south to Inspiration Point, is located here.

Ribbon Fall

Ribbon Fall, located in Yosemite National Park in California, flows off a cliff on the west side of El Capitan and is the longest single-drop waterfall in North America. The fall is fed by melting winter snow; while therefore dry for much of the year, the fall is a spectacular 1,612 feet (491 m) in the spring. In exceptional years, an ice cone develops at its base during the winter months similar to that which usually forms beneath Upper Yosemite Fall. This deposit can reach a depth of 200 feet, versus 322 feet for the greatest depth of the ice cone beneath the Upper Fall and Lower Fall. It is the tallest, continuous waterfall in the United States.

Tamarack Flat Campground

Tamarack Flat Campground is located in Yosemite National Park about 20 miles (32 km) from the Valley at an elevation of 6,300 feet (1,900 m). There are 52 campsites and all are issued under a first-come first-served basis. There is a 3 miles (4.8 km) unpaved road leading from the main road downhill to the campground.

Each campsite contains a fire ring, picnic table, and food locker, and is near a vault toilet. Stream water must be treated (by boiling, using a filter, or using iodine). Potable water is not available.

Glacier Point

Glacier Point is a viewpoint above Yosemite Valley in the U.S. state of California. It is located on the south wall of Yosemite Valley at an elevation of 7,214 feet (2,199 m), 3,200 feet (980 m) above Half Dome Village. The point offers a superb view of several of Yosemite National Park's well-known landmarks, including Yosemite Valley, Yosemite Falls, Half Dome, Vernal Fall, Nevada Fall, and Clouds Rest. Between 1872 and 1968, it was the site of the Yosemite Firefall.

Housekeeping Camp

Located in the Yosemite Valley, Housekeeping Camp is one of the more inexpensive lodging options for visitors to Yosemite National Park. The camp is open from April through October and is one of the most popular places to stay in the valley. Reservations typically fill up on the first day they become available. The original design of the camp was intended to provide a camping-like experience for visitors who did not want to have to provide their own equipment.

Tenaya Lake

Tenaya Lake is an alpine lake in Yosemite National Park, located between Yosemite Valley and Tuolumne Meadows. The surface of Tenaya Lake has an elevation of 8,150 feet (2,484 m). The lake basin was formed by glacial action, which left a backdrop of light granite rocks, whose beauty was known to the Native Americans. Today, Tenaya Lake is easily accessible by State Route 120 and is a popular lake for water activities.

Wawona Hotel

The Wawona Hotel is a historic hotel located within southern Yosemite National Park, in California. It was declared a National Historic Landmark in 1987, and is on the National Register of Historic Places .

Vernal Fall

Vernal Fall is a 317-foot (96.6 m) waterfall on the Merced River just downstream of Nevada Fall in Yosemite National Park, California. Like its upstream neighbor, Vernal Fall is clearly visible at a distance, from Glacier Point, as well as close up, along the Mist Trail. The waterfall flows all year long, although by the end of summer it is substantially reduced in volume and can split into multiple strands, rather than a single curtain of water.

Yosemite Creek Campground

Yosemite Creek Campground, located in the northern area of Yosemite National Park along Tioga Road (HWY 120), is a first-come first-served campground outside of Yosemite Valley. This campground is remote, quiet, and less populated relative to other campgrounds in Yosemite. The campground is 4 miles off the main road and thus requires a very rough, single lane, downhill mostly unpaved drive to the campground.

Bridalveil Fall

Bridalveil Fall is one of the most prominent waterfalls in the Yosemite Valley in California.

The waterfall is 188 metres (617 ft) in height and flows year round.

Cathedral Lakes

The Cathedral Lakes are two lakes located In Yosemite National Park, Mariposa County, California. The lakes are situated 1.6 km (1 mi) southwest of Cathedral Peak and 3.2 km (2 mi) east-northeast of Tenaya Lake. The lower lake is located at elevation 9,288 feet (2,831 m), while the upper lake is located at elevation 9,585 feet (2,922 m). The John Muir Trail is nearby, with a 7 miles (11 km) round trip hike from the trailhead in Tuolumne Meadows.

Glacier Point Trailside Museum

The Glacier Point Trailside Museum was one of the first projects in Yosemite National Park by Herbert Maier in what would become the National Park Service Rustic style. Located at Glacier Point, it was funded by Laura Spelman Rockefeller's estate as a project for the Yosemite Museum. It was the first "trailside museum" in the National Park system and was a prototype for enhanced visitor interpretation services in the parks.The museum is in reality a small stone shelter with arched openings on the north, east, and west sides. The roof is supported by log timbers.

Yosemite Creek

Yosemite Creek is a 13.2-mile-long (21.2 km) creek of the Sierra Nevada, located in Yosemite National Park, Mariposa County, California.

Pioneer Yosemite History Center

The Pioneer Yosemite History Center is an assembled collection of historic buildings from Yosemite National Park that is located in Wawona, California. Visitors can walk around the buildings year round, and the interiors are open in the summer on a limited basis. There are also special programs and carriage rides in the summer.The buildings include:

Acting Superintendent's Headquarters

Chris Jorgenson Studio

George Anderson Pioneer Home

Hodgdon Homestead Cabin

Wawona Covered Bridge

Yosemite Transportation Company Office

Blacksmith shop

Ranger patrol cabin

Cavalry office

Degnan's Bakery

Powderhouse and jail

O'Shaughnessy Dam

O'Shaughnessy Dam is a 430-foot (131 m) high concrete arch-gravity dam in Tuolumne County, California, in the United States. It impounds the Tuolumne River, forming the Hetch Hetchy Reservoir at the lower end of Hetch Hetchy Valley in Yosemite National Park, about 160 miles (260 km) east of San Francisco. The dam and reservoir are the source for the Hetch Hetchy Aqueduct, which provides water for over two million people in San Francisco and other municipalities of the west Bay Area. The dam is named for engineer Michael O'Shaughnessy, who oversaw its construction.Although San Francisco had sought Tuolumne River water as early as the 1890s, this project did not move forward until the disastrous earthquake and fire of 1906, which underscored the insufficiency of the existing water supply. The Hetch Hetchy Valley – then compared to Yosemite Valley for its scenic beauty – was chosen for its water quality and hydroelectric potential, but the location within the national park generated controversy. An act of Congress was required to circumvent federal protection of the Tuolumne River, with the reasoning that public land should be developed for the public benefit.

Construction of the dam started in 1919 and was finished in 1923, with the first water delivered in 1934 after numerous delays. From 1935–38 the dam was raised to increase its capacity for water supply and power generation. The dam, aqueduct and appurtenant hydroelectric systems are collectively known as the Hetch Hetchy Project. Deriving from a largely wild and pristine area of the Sierra Nevada, the Hetch Hetchy supply is some of the cleanest municipal water in the US, requiring only primary filtration and disinfection.Hetch Hetchy represented the first great environmental controversy in the US, and debate over the dam and reservoir continues today. Preservationist groups such as the Sierra Club lobby for the restoration of the valley, while others argue that leaving the dam in place would be the better economic and environmental decision.

Merced River

The Merced River (), in the central part of the U.S. state of California, is a 145-mile (233 km)-long tributary of the San Joaquin River flowing from the Sierra Nevada into the San Joaquin Valley. It is most well known for its swift and steep course through the southern part of Yosemite National Park, where it is the primary watercourse flowing through Yosemite Valley. The river's character changes dramatically once it reaches the plains of the agricultural San Joaquin Valley, where it becomes a slow-moving meandering stream.

The river first formed as the Sierra Nevada rose about 10 million years ago, and sediment eroded from its canyon helped form the flat floor of the San Joaquin Valley. Glaciation during the ice ages carved the high elevation parts of the watershed, including Yosemite Valley, into their present shape. Historically, there was an extensive riparian zone which provided habitat for millions of migrating birds, and the river had one of the southernmost runs of chinook salmon in North America.

Miwok and Paiute people lived along the river for thousands of years before Spanish and Mexican military expeditions passed through in the early 19th century. The California Gold Rush brought many people into California and some settled in towns along the lower Merced River. A railroad was built along the Merced canyon, enabling mining and logging in the upper watershed, and later carrying tourists to Yosemite National Park. Conflicts between settlers and indigenous peoples resulted in wars, including the expulsion of the Ahwahnechee from Yosemite.

Large-scale irrigation was introduced to the San Joaquin Valley in the late 19th century, and led to the construction of numerous state, federal and privately owned dams, which blocked migrating salmon and caused a large decline in riparian habitat. Diversion of water for irrigation often reduces the river to a small stream by the time it reaches its mouth. Efforts to mitigate environmental damage include habitat conservation work, re-establishment of historic streamflow patterns, and the construction of a salmon hatchery.

Happy Isles

Happy Isles is a group of small isles in the Merced River in Yosemite National Park, California, USA. They are located at the easternmost end of the Yosemite Valley floor. This scenic spot is the starting point for the Mist Trail, and is also the northern trailhead for the John Muir Trail. Happy Isles is also the trailhead for popular hiking destinations along the Mist Trail (including Vernal Falls and Nevada Falls) and Half Dome.

Happy Isles is located where the slope of the Merced River changes from the much steeper upper main stem to the essentially flat Valley floor. At Happy Isles, the river gradient is approximately 2%. The gradient of the Merced River at Happy Isles is steeper than in the Valley floor, and the channel of the river is cut into erosion-resistant granitic boulders and talus materials, compared to channel deposits of sands and gravel present on the Valley floor. The steeper gradient and composition of streambed materials together impede meandering patterns from developing in this area.The area near Happy Isles sustained damage in 1996 during a rockslide. A number of signposts near the Isles are dedicated to the rockfall.

Ostrander Lake

Ostrander Lake is located in Yosemite National Park, approximately 10 miles (16 km) south of Yosemite Valley and 10 miles (16 km) east of the Badger Pass Ski Area, at an elevation of 8,500 feet (2,600 m). The lake is a popular destination for cross-country skiers during the winter. It is the primary source of Bridalveil Creek, which feeds Bridalveil Falls.

Wawona

Wawona (formerly, Big Tree Station, Clark's Station, Clarks Station, Wah-wo-nah, and Clark's Ranch) is a census-designated place in Mariposa County, California. It is located 18 miles (29 km) east of Mariposa, at an elevation of 3999 feet (1219 m). The population was 169 at the 2010 census.

Wawona is located entirely within Yosemite National Park, as it preceded the founding of the park as a national recreation area. It has approximately 160 year-round residents. The number of inhabitants increases dramatically during peak tourist seasons, due to the large number of rental cabins in the town. It is located at 37°32′13″N 119°39′23″W.It was known to the local Native American Miwok in their language as Pallachun ("a good place to stay"). The origin of the word Wawona is not known. A popular story claims Wawō'na was the Miwok word for "big tree", or for "hoot of the owl", a bird considered the sequoia trees' spiritual guardian.Galen Clark, who helped gain preservation legislation for Mariposa Grove and what became Yosemite National Park, occupied this area in 1855. He established a tourist rest and modest ranch in 1856. Clark sold the property to the Washburn brothers in 1874, who built a larger hotel in 1876, adding to it later. Hotel keeper Jean Bruce Washburn named the resort property Wawona in 1883.

The town is located on the south fork of the Merced River, at an elevation of approximately 4000 feet (1300 meters). It is on State Route 41, the main highway from Fresno to Yosemite Valley.

Wawona is the location of the historic Wawona Hotel, built by Washburn in 1876, with additional structures added into the early 20th century. A classic Victorian resort, it was designated a National Historic Landmark in 1987.This is the town nearest to Chilnualna Falls and the Mariposa Grove of Giant Sequoia. The principal trailheads into the southern Yosemite wilderness are located in Wawona.

The Clark's Station US Post Office opened in 1878. In 1883 its name was changed to Wawona.The ZIP Code is 95389. The community is inside area code 209.

Tuolumne Meadows

Tuolumne Meadows () is a gentle, dome-studded, sub-alpine meadow area along the Tuolumne River in the eastern section of Yosemite National Park in the United States. Its approximate location is 37°52.5′N 119°21′W. Its approximate elevation is 8,619 feet (2,627 m). The term Tuolumne Meadows is also often used to describe a large portion of the Yosemite high country around the meadows, especially in context of rock climbing.

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af Yosemite Nasionale Parkar منتزه يوسيميتي الوطنيaz Yosemit Milli Parkıbe Іасеміцкі нацыянальны паркbg Йосемитиbn ইয়োসেমিটি জাতীয় উদ্যানca Parc Nacional de Yosemitecs Yosemitský národní parkde Yosemite-Nationalparkel Εθνικό πάρκο Γιοσέμιτιeo Nacia Parko Yosemitees Parque nacional de Yosemiteet Yosemite rahvusparkeu Yosemite Parke Nazionalafa پارک ملی یوسیمیتیfi Yosemiten kansallispuistofr parc national de Yosemitega Páirc Náisiúnta Yosemitegd Pàirc Nàiseanta Yosemitegl Parque Nacional de Yosemitehe הפארק הלאומי יוסמיטיhi योसेमाइट राष्ट्रीय उद्यानhr Nacionalni park Yosemitehu Yosemite Nemzeti Parkhy Յոսեմիթե ազգային պարկid Taman Nasional Yosemiteis Yosemiteþjóðgarðurinnit parco nazionale di Yosemiteja ヨセミテ国立公園ka იოსემიტის ეროვნული პარკიko 요세미티 국립공원ky Йосемити улуттук паркыla Viridarium Nationale Yosemitelb Yosemite-Nationalparklt Josemičio nacionalinis parkaslv Josemitu nacionālais parksmk Јосемитиml യോസ്സെമിറ്റി ദേശീയോദ്യാനംmy ယိုဆဲမတီး အမျိုးသားဥယျာဉ်nb Yosemite nasjonalparkoc Pargue Nacional de Yosemitepl Park Narodowy Yosemitept Parque Nacional de Yosemitequ Yosemite mamallaqta parkiro Parcul Național Yosemiteru Йосемитиsh Yosemitesk Yosemitský národný parksl Narodni park Yosemiteso Yosemitesr Јосемитиsv Yosemite nationalparkta யோசெமிட்டி தேசியப் பூங்காth อุทยานแห่งชาติโยเซมิตีtr Yosemite Ulusal Parkıuk Йосемітіvi Vườn quốc gia Yosemitezh 優勝美地國家公園ast Parque nacional de Yosemitehak Yosemite Koet-kâ Kûng-yènpdc Yosemite Nationalparkpnb یوسمائیٹ نیشنل پارکsah Йосемит национальнай пааркатаsco Yosemite Naitional Pairkwar Nasodnon nga Parke Yosemitewuu 约塞米蒂国家公园yue 優勝美地國家公園sr-ec Јосемитиsr-el Josemitizh-cn 约塞米蒂国家公园zh-hk 優勝美地國家公園zh-sg 约塞米蒂国家公园zh-tw 優勝美地國家公園zh-hans 约塞米蒂国家公园zh-hant 優勝美地國家公園
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Image from Wikimedia Commons under CC BY-SA 3.0 by Thomas Wolf, www.foto-tw.de