El Caballito

equestrian statue of Charles IV of Spain

Wikimedia Commons
Wikimedia Commons category: El Caballito (Mexico City)

Geographical coordinates: 19.43605 -99.13948

Wikipedia

English Equestrian statue of Charles IV of Spain

The equestrian statue of Charles IV of Spain (also known as El Caballito) is a bronze sculpture cast by Manuel Tolsá built between 1796 and 1803 in Mexico City, Mexico in honour of King Charles IV of Spain, then the last ruler of the New Spain (later Mexico). This statue has been displayed in different points of the city and is considered one of the finest achievements of Mr. Tolsá. It now resides in Plaza Manuel Tolsá.

The project was initiated by Miguel de la Grúa Talamanca, Marquis of Branciforte, who was Viceroy of the New Spain. Once he obtained permission for the monument, he appointed people to perform the work and construction began. To that end, he emptied the main plaza (the Plaza de la Constitución, or “Zocalo”) and erected an elliptical railing with four access gates.

The pedestal for the statue was inaugurated with large and well-attended parties and bullfights on 8 December 1796. A temporary statue, constructed out of wood and gilded stucco, was placed on top of the pedestal; it also represented the Spanish monarch.

The Equestrian Statue of Charles IV was melted and cast in one operation under the supervision of Tolsá, who was director of the Academy of San Carlos. The statue required between 450 and 600 quintales of bronze (one quintal being equivalent to 46 kg), and was cast in the area near the Church of St. Peter and St. Paul. The sculptor modeled the frame after a horse owned by the Marquis of Jaral of Berrio named Tambor (or "drum"). After being polished and engraved, the statue was taken to its pedestal and inaugurated on 9 December 1803. The celebrations and bullfights were repeated, with great jubilation. The Baron Alexander von Humboldt was present at the unveiling. In his opinion, and for this genre, the statue produced by Tolsá is second only to the equestrian statue of Marcus Aurelius, in Rome.

In 1821, due to anti-Hispanic sentiment manifesting during the Mexican independence, and due to a desire to replace the monument, the statue was covered in a blue tent. It was not long before people considered destroying the monument, to melt it down to reuse the bronze for guns or coins. Aggravating matters, underneath one of the hooves of the statue one will find the mark of an Aztec quiver, perhaps a sign of allegiance to Spain.

The statue was saved by Lucas Alamán, who convinced Guadalupe Victoria to retain the statue on the merit of its aesthetic qualities. This resulted in the statue being relocated in 1822 to the courtyard of the ancient university, to prevent people from destroying it. It wasn't until 1824 that the public was permitted to access the statue, but the statue was much safer in this location. In 1852, after years had passed and tempers had calmed, the statue was moved to the intersection Paseo de la Reforma and Avenida Bucareli, although this time it was protected from potential damage by a grille. In 1979 it was relocated to its current location, Plaza Manuel Tolsá, overlooking the Palacio de Minería. Currently, in response to the earlier controversy surrounding the statue, the plaque on the pedestal indicates that Mexico conserved the statue as a monument to art, and not as a sign of praise to a Spanish king. A smaller, slightly different version of the sculpture can be seen in the Tolsá museum opposite the statue.

The statue weighs 26 tonnes and is the second largest cast bronze statue in the world.The place the statue occupied between 1852 and 1979, the corner of Paseo de la Reforma and Bucareli is now occupied by a statue called El caballito ("The Horse"), by sculptor Sebastián, erected in honour of the old monument.

Source: Equestrian statue of Charles IV of Spain

Spanish El Caballito (estatua)

La estatua ecuestre de Carlos IV (más conocida como "El Caballito") es una estatua de aleación de cobre creada en honor al rey Carlos IV de España. Fue diseñada por el escultor y arquitecto Manuel Tolsá y se encuentra en la plaza que lleva el nombre de su autor en el Centro Histórico de la Ciudad de México.

Source: El Caballito (estatua)

Italian Statua equestre di Carlo IV

La statua equestre di Carlo IV (El Caballito) è una statua in bronzo costruita in onore di Carlo IV di Spagna. Fu disegnata dallo scultore e architetto Manuel Tolsa e si trova a Città del Messico, nella piazza Manuel Tolsa.

L'iniziativa del progetto fu di Miguel de la Grúa Talamanca, marchese di Branciforte che era viceré della Nuova Spagna. Una volta che si ottenne il permesso per il monumento si nominarono i responsabili dell'opera e si mise in moto la sua costruzione. Per questo si pulì la Zocalo e si collocò una balaustra ellittica con quattro cancelli di'ingresso.

Il piedistallo per la statua fu inaugurato con grandi festeggiamenti popolari e corride di tori l'8 dicembre 1796. Sopra di questo fu collocata una statua provvisoria in legno e stucco dorato che rappresentava il monarca spagnolo.

El Caballito fu fuso in una sola volta sotto la supervisione di Tolsa. Ci vollero 450 quintali di bronzo, e l'operazione si svolse vicino al tempio dei Santi Pietro e Paolo. Per il cavallo lo scultore prese spunto da un cavallo del marchese del Jaral del Berrio, chiamato tambor. Dopo essere stato pulito e levigato fu portato al suo posto e si inaugurò l'8 dicembre 1803. Le celebrazioni e corride si ripeterono con grande giubilo. Il barone Alexander von Humboldt era presente all'inaugurazione; secondo la sua opinione la statua di Tolsa era inferiore solamente al Marco Aurelio di Roma.

Con motivo del sentimento antispagnolo manifestato dall'indipendenza del Messico, sorse il desiderio di distruggere la statua. Fu salvata da don Lucas Alamán che convinse Guadalupe Victoria a conservarla in virtù delle sue qualità estetiche. Come risultato la statua fu posta nel 1824 nel cortile dell'antica Università. Calmati gli animi, si trasferì nell'incrocio tra il Paseo de la Reforma e il Paseo de Bucareli. Nel 1979 fu collocata nella sua attuale posizione, di fronte al palazzo di Mineria. Attualmente, per testimoniare l'antica polemica, la statua reca una targa che ricorda che il Messico la conserva solo come monumento di arte.

Source: Statua equestre di Carlo IV

Swedish El Caballito

El Caballito är en ryttarstaty av brons utförd av den spanske arkitekten och skulptören Manuel Tolsá. Statyn föreställer kung Karl IV av Spanien som var den sista härskaren i Nya Spanien (nuvarande Mexiko). Den uppfördes i Mexico City åren 1793 till 1802, när Mexiko var en spansk koloni. Projektet initierades av Miguel de la Grúa Talamanca som var vicekung i Nya Spanien. Statyn har stått på ett antal ställen i Mexico City och befinner sig nu på Plaza Manuel Tolsá framför Palacio de Minería i Mexiko Citys historiska centrum. Åren 1852 till 1979 stod den i korsningen mellan Paseo de la Reforma och Avenida Bucareli.

Source: El Caballito

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Wikidata Updated: Fri Jul 23 2021 05:27:17