Cape Hatteras National Seashore

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Geographical coordinates: 35.3036 -75.5114

Wikipedia

English Cape Hatteras National Seashore

Cape Hatteras National Seashore is a United States national seashore which preserves the portion of the Outer Banks of North Carolina from Bodie Island to Ocracoke Island, stretching over 70 miles (110 km), and is managed by the National Park Service. Included within this section of barrier islands along N.C. 12, but outside the national seashore boundaries, are Pea Island National Wildlife Refuge and several communities, such as Rodanthe, Buxton, and Ocracoke. Cape Hatteras is a combination of natural and cultural resources, and provides a wide variety of recreational opportunities.

Once dubbed the "Graveyard of the Atlantic" for its treacherous currents, shoals, and storms, Cape Hatteras has a wealth of history relating to shipwrecks, lighthouses, and the US Lifesaving Service. The islands also provide a variety of habitats and are a valuable wintering area for migrating waterfowl. The park's fishing and surfing are considered the best on the East Coast.

Source: Cape Hatteras National Seashore

German Cape Hatteras National Seashore

Cape Hatteras National Seashore ist ein zum Schutz eines 110 Kilometer langen Küstenabschnitts der Inselkette der Outer Banks zwischen den Inseln Bodie und Ocracoke im Bundesstaat North Carolina eingerichtetes Gebiet vom Typ einer National Seashore. Wie alle National Seashores weist es einen gemischten Charakter aus Naturschutzgebiet und Erholungsnutzung auf. 2014 wurde Cape Hatteras National Seashore von 2.153.350 Personen besucht.Zu diesem an der N.C. Route 12 gelegenen Abschnitt der vorgelagerten Inselkette an der Atlantikküste gehören auch Pea Island National Wildlife Refuge und einige Gemeinden wie Rodanthe, Buxton und Ocracoke, sie liegen jedoch außerhalb der Grenzen des Nationalparks. Der Park liegt bei den Koordinaten N 35°18′13 und W 75°30′41.

Einst als Friedhof des Atlantik für seine Untiefen, Sandbänke und Stürme bekannt, hat Cape Hatteras eine Vielzahl historisch interessanter Wracks, Leuchttürme und auch die Wasserrettungsorganisation US Lifesaving Service, die heute Teil der United States Coast Guard ist. Die Inseln bieten einer Vielzahl von Tieren einen Lebensraum und werden von Zugvögeln zur Überwinterung genutzt. Die Angel- und Surf-Möglichkeiten zählen zu den besten an der Ostküste der Vereinigten Staaten.

Source: Cape Hatteras National Seashore

French Cape Hatteras National Seashore

L'aire protégée du Cape Hatteras National Seashore (littéralement: côte nationale du cap Hatteras) comprend la plus grande portion des Outer Banks de la Caroline du Nord aux États-Unis. Elle s'étend sur une bande de terre formée des îles formant barrière entre le continent et l'océan Atlantique. Le parc s'étend sur 110 km de longueur par quelques kilomètres de largeur. Il commence près de Nag's Head au sud de Kitty Hawk, le site du premier vol d'un avion par les frères Wright, et se termine à l'île d'Ocracoke.

La région des Outer Banks est connue pour ses plages, sa flore et sa faune mais surtout pour les violentes tempêtes du Cap Hatteras et ses hauts-fonds qui lui ont valu le surnom de « cimetière de l'Atlantique ». En plus, de l'aire protégée elle-même, deux lieux historiques nationaux : le mémorial des frères Wright (Wright Brothers National Memorial) et le lieu historique national du fort Raleigh (Fort Raleigh National Historic Site), sont administrés au quartier général du parc qui se trouve au fort Raleigh.

Source: Cape Hatteras National Seashore

Italian National Seashore di capo Hatteras

Il National Seashore di capo Hatteras è una pittoresca area costiera situata sulle isole di Bodie, Hatteras e Ocracoke, lungo gli Outer Banks, nella Carolina del Nord orientale (USA). Il parco, primo national seashore del paese, venne autorizzato nel 1937 ed istituito nel 1953. Ricopre una superficie totale di 122 km². Le tre strette isole barriera sono situate tra l'oceano Atlantico a est e la baia di Pamplico a ovest. Assieme al Pea Island National Wildlife Refuge, che ricopre la porzione settentrionale dell'isola di Hatteras, l'area costiera protetta comprende una striscia continua di spiagge, paludi salmastre, dune di sabbia e aree boschive lunga circa 110 km. La vegetazione è costituita, in prossimità del litorale, da varie specie di erbe della spiaggia e, nell'interno, da foreste di querce, cedri e agrifogli. Centinaia di specie di uccelli acquatici nidificano o sostano qui durante le loro migrazioni annuali.

Sull'isola di Bodie, lungo il litorale a nord dell'area protetta, sorge il Wright Brothers National Memorial, nei pressi di Kitty Hawk, mentre la storica isola di Roanoke è situata appena a ovest dell'isola di Bodie. Una strada, collegata al continente attraverso l'isola di Roanoke, percorre l'intera lunghezza delle isole di Bodie e di Hatteras, collegando un certo numero di villaggi che non fanno parte dell'area protetta. La più isolata isola di Ocracoke, a sud-ovest, è collegata all'isola di Hatteras e al continente da una rete di traghetti per automobili; Ocracoke, l'antico villaggio di pescatori situato all'estremità meridionale dell'isola, è il luogo dove si dice sia morto il pirata Barbanera (Edward Teach). A sud di Ocracoke si trova il National Seashore di capo Lookout, che inizia a partire dalla zona nord di Core Banks.

Le acque poco profonde lungo il lato atlantico delle isole hanno costituito per lungo tempo una minaccia per la navigazione, specialmente in prossimità dei Diamond Shoals a sud-est di capo Hatteras. L'area protetta include tre fari storici, tra cui gode di particolare importanza quello di capo Hatteras. Costruito nel 1870 sul sito di una struttura precedente, è alto 63 m ed è il più elevato faro in muratura del paese. Sebbene non venga ormai più usato da tempo come supporto per la navigazione, costituisce una popolare attrazione turistica. L'intera struttura venne spostata circa 880 m più all'interno nel 1999 a causa dell'erosione della spiaggia del sito originario.

Source: National Seashore di capo Hatteras

Places located in Cape Hatteras National Seashore

Outer Banks

The Outer Banks are a 200-mile (320 km) string of barrier islands and spits off the coast of North Carolina and southeastern Virginia, on the east coast of the United States. They line most of the North Carolina coastline, separating Currituck Sound, Albemarle Sound, and Pamlico Sound from the Atlantic Ocean.

A major tourist destination, the Outer Banks are known for their wide expanse of open beachfront and the Cape Hatteras National Seashore. The hundreds of shipwrecks along the Outer Banks have given the surrounding seas the nickname Graveyard of the Atlantic. The Graveyard of the Atlantic Museum is in Hatteras Village near a United States Coast Guard facility and the Hatteras ferry.

The English Roanoke Colony—where Virginia Dare was born—vanished from Roanoke Island in 1587. The Lost Colony, written and performed today on Roanoke Island to commemorate the original colonists, is the second longest-running outdoor drama in the United States and its theater acts as a cultural focal point for much of the Outer Banks.

The Wright brothers' first flight in a controlled, powered, heavier-than-air vehicle took place on the Outer Banks on December 17, 1903, at Kill Devil Hills near the seafront town of Kitty Hawk. The Wright Brothers National Monument commemorates the historic flights, and First Flight Airport is a small, general-aviation airfield located there.

Hatteras Island

Hatteras Island (historically, Croatoan Island) is a barrier island located off the North Carolina coast. Dividing the Atlantic Ocean and the Pamlico Sound, it runs parallel to the coast, forming a bend at Cape Hatteras. It is part of North Carolina's Outer Banks and includes the communities of Rodanthe, Waves, Salvo, Avon, Buxton, Frisco, and Hatteras. It contains the largest part of the Cape Hatteras National Seashore. It is almost entirely in Dare County, North Carolina, but there is a very small sliver of about 45 acres (0.18 km2) which extends southwest into Hyde County.The island is one of the longest in the contiguous United States, measuring 42 miles (68 km) along a straight line from end to end, or roughly 50 miles (80 km) along the curve of the land.

Hatteras Island is known for sport fishing, surfing, windsurfing and kiteboarding, and is known as "the blue marlin capital of the world".

According to the United States Census Bureau the island has a land area of 85.56 km2 (33.03 sq mi) and a population of 4,001 as of the 2000 census. It lies in parts of Kinnakeet Township and Hatteras Township in Dare County, and Ocracoke Township in Hyde County.

Bodie Island

Bodie Island ( BAH-dee) is a long, narrow barrier peninsula that forms the northernmost portion of the Outer Banks. The land that is most commonly referred to as Bodie Island was at one time a true island, but in 1811 Roanoke Inlet, which had separated it from the Currituck Banks in the north, closed. As a result, the Currituck Banks and Bodie Island are now one contiguous peninsula, joined together at the Nags Head area, where the inlet once flowed. Today, either name can be used to refer to peninsula as a whole, but both portions colloquially retain their historical names.

From the southern tip at Oregon Inlet, the peninsula stretches largely northwest out of North Carolina and into Virginia until terminating at Rudee Inlet at Owl Creek in Virginia Beach. At Sandbridge, Virginia Beach, Virginia, the peninsula is tied to the mainland by low tidal swamps and causeways road . The entire peninsula is approximately 72 miles in length, following the shoreline.

Coquina Beach

Coquina Beach is a beach in North Carolina, USA located in the Cape Hatteras National Seashore. It is located not far from the Wright Brothers National Memorial and is off highway 12 at milepost 22, 8 miles (13 km) south of Nags Head, North Carolina. Local activities include swimming, crabbing, surf fishing, surfing, shell collecting, bird and wildlife watching and sightseeing. Coquina Beach is considered by many visitors to be among the loveliest beaches in the Outer Banks. The beach is named for the tiny Coquina clams (Donax variabilis) which abound in the margin (water's edge).

Graveyard of the Atlantic Museum

The Graveyard of the Atlantic Museum is a maritime museum that focuses on the maritime history and shipwrecks of the Outer Banks of North Carolina. The museum is located in Hatteras Village, the southern-most community on Hatteras Island, North Carolina, and opened in 2002.

Whalebone Junction, North Carolina

Whalebone Junction is an area within Nags Head, North Carolina where three major highways converge. The junction marks the eastern terminus of both U.S. 64 and U.S. Route 158, while NC 12 traverses the junction from north to south. The junction is a major landmark on the Outer Banks, as U.S. 64 and U.S. 158 provide the only highway links to the mainland, while NC 12 is the main road linking all of the Outer Banks. North of Whalebone Junction lies the main commercial district of Nags Head as well as the communities of Kill Devil Hills and Kitty Hawk. South of Whalebone Junction begins the Cape Hatteras National Seashore and the Pea Island National Wildlife Refuge. Whalebone Junction Information Station, immediately south of the junction itself, serves as the visitor center to the Cape Hatteras National Seashore and provides information on the National Park and local attractions.

Nearby

Cape Hatteras5.5 km
Bald Beach12.4 km
Chicamacomico Life-Saving Station32.6 km
USS Monitor34.8 km
Pamlico Sound38.7 km
North Pond Wildlife Trail45.8 km
North Pond46.4 km
Ocracoke Light48.3 km
Roanoke Island65.5 km
Nags Head70.3 km
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Image from Wikimedia Commons under Public domain by Vbofficial