Acadia National Park

File:Acadia National Park 02.JPG

national park in the US state of Maine

Wikimedia Commons
Wikimedia Commons category: Acadia National Park

Geographical coordinates: 44.35 -68.216666666

Wikipedia

English Acadia National Park

Acadia National Park is an American national park located in the state of Maine, southwest of Bar Harbor. The park preserves about half of Mount Desert Island, many adjacent smaller islands, and part of the Schoodic Peninsula on the coast of Maine. Acadia was initially designated Sieur de Monts National Monument by proclamation of President Woodrow Wilson in 1916. Sieur de Monts was renamed and redesignated Lafayette National Park by Congress in 1919—the first national park in the United States east of the Mississippi River and the only one in the Northeastern United States. The park was renamed Acadia National Park in 1929. More than 3.5 million people visited the park in 2018.

Native Americans of the Algonquian nations have inhabited the area called Acadia for at least 12,000 years. They traded furs for European goods when French, English, and Dutch ships began arriving in the early 17th century. The Wabanaki Confederacy has held an annual Native American Festival in Bar Harbor since 1989. Samuel de Champlain named the island Isle des Monts Deserts (Island of Barren Mountains) in 1604. The island was granted to Antoine de la Mothe Cadillac by Louis XIV of France in 1688, then ceded to England in 1713. Summer visitors, nicknamed rusticators, arrived in 1855, followed by wealthy families, nicknamed cottagers as their large houses were quaintly called cottages. Charles Eliot is credited with the idea for the park. George B. Dorr, the "Father of Acadia National Park," along with Eliot's father Charles W. Eliot, supported the idea through donations of land, and advocacy at the state and federal levels. John D. Rockefeller Jr. financed the construction of carriage roads from 1915 to 1940. A wildfire in 1947 burned much of the park and destroyed 237 houses, including 67 of the millionaires’ cottages.

The park includes mountains, an ocean coastline, coniferous and deciduous woodlands, lakes, ponds, and wetlands encompassing a total of 49,075 acres (76.7 sq mi; 198.6 km2) as of 2017. Key sites on Mount Desert Island include Cadillac Mountain—the tallest mountain on the eastern coastline and one of the first places in the United States where one can watch the sunrise—a rocky coast featuring Thunder Hole where waves crash loudly into a crevasse around high tides, a sandy swimming beach called Sand Beach, and numerous lakes and ponds. Jordan Pond features the glacially rounded North and South Bubbles (rôche moutonnées) at its northern end, while Echo Lake has the only freshwater swimming beach in the park. Somes Sound is a five-mile (8 km) long fjard formed during a glacial period that reshaped the entire island to its present form, including the U-shaped valleys containing the many ponds and lakes. The Bass Harbor Head Light is situated above a steep, rocky headland on the southwest coast—the only lighthouse on the island.

The park protects the habitats of 37 mammalian species including black bears, moose and white-tailed deer, seven reptilian species including milk snakes and snapping turtles, eleven amphibian species including wood frogs and spotted salamanders, 33 fish species including rainbow smelt and brook trout, and as many as 331 birds including various species of raptors, songbirds and waterfowl. In 1991, peregrine falcons had a successful nesting in Acadia for the first time since 1956. Falcon chicks are often banded to study migration, habitat use, and longevity. Some trails may be closed in spring and early summer to avoid disturbance to falcon nesting areas.

Recreational activities from spring through autumn include car and bus touring along the park's paved loop road; hiking, bicycling, and horseback riding on carriage roads (motor vehicles are prohibited); rock climbing; kayaking and canoeing on lakes and ponds; swimming at Sand Beach and Echo Lake; sea kayaking and guided boat tours on the ocean; and various ranger-led programs. Winter activities include cross-country skiing, snowshoeing, snowmobiling, and ice fishing. Two campgrounds are located on Mount Desert Island, another campground is on the Schoodic Peninsula, and five lean-to sites are on Isle au Haut. The main visitor center is at Hulls Cove, northwest of Bar Harbor.

Source: Acadia National Park

German Acadia-Nationalpark

Der Acadia-Nationalpark an der Küste von Maine im Hancock County ist bekannt für seine zerklüftete Felsküste und raue Landschaft mit Bergen und Seen. Es ist der einzige Nationalpark in Neuengland und gehört zu den zehn meistbesuchten Nationalparks in den USA.

Source: Acadia-Nationalpark

Polish Park Narodowy Acadia

Park Narodowy Acadia (ang. Acadia National Park) - park narodowy położony w USA na wybrzeżu stanu Maine. Jest on jedynym parkiem narodowym w stanie

Maine i znajduje się głównie na wyspie Mount Desert u wybrzeży stanu. Park zajmuje obszar 192 km2 i słynie z dzikiej przyrody i latarni morskich, bez których żegluga wśród skalistych wysepek byłaby wręcz niemożliwa. W parku znajduje się pięć latarni morskich, które zostały wybudowane w XIX wieku.

Source: Park Narodowy Acadia

Russian Акейдия (национальный парк)

Национальный парк Акейдия (англ. Acadia National Park) — национальный парк США, включающий большую часть острова Маунт-Дезерт и прилегающие малые острова вблизи атлантического побережья штата Мэн. Территория парка включает горы, озёра, леса и океанское побережье. Кроме острова Маунт-Дезерт, парк включает также большую часть Иль-о-О, небольшого островка к юго-западу от Маунт-Дезерт, и часть соседнего острова Бейкер, а также несколько участков на полуострове Скудик, примыкающем к острову Маунт-Дезерт. Общая площадь парка 191,8 км², из них 123 км² на острове Маунт-Дезерт. Расположенный на острове город Бар-Харбор не входит в состав национального парка.

Акейдия — единственный национальный парк в Новой Англии и первый действующий парк к востоку от Миссисипи. В 2006 году занимал десятое место по посещаемости среди всех национальных парков США. Большая часть посещений приходится на июль, август и сентябрь.

Source: Акейдия (национальный парк)

Ukrainian Акадія (національний парк)

Національний парк Акадія (англ. Acadia National Park) — національний парк США, що включає велику частину острова Маунт-Дезерт і прилеглі малі острови поблизу атлантичного узбережжя штату Мен. Територія парку включає гори, озера, ліси і океанське узбережжя. Крім острова Маунт-Дезерт, парк включає також більшу частину Іль-о-О, невеликого острівця на південному заході від Маунт-Дезерт, і частину сусіднього острова Бейкер, а також кілька ділянок на півострові Скудік, що примикає до острова Маунт-Дезерт. Загальна площа парку 191,8 км², з них 123 км² на острові Маунт-Дезерт. Розташоване на острові місто Бар-Харбор не входить до складу національного парку.

Source: Акадія (національний парк)

cs Národní park Acadia

Národní park Acadia (anglicky Acadia National Park) je národní park na jihu státu Maine, na severovýchodě Spojených států amerických. Park leží při pobřeží Atlantského oceánu v Mainském zálivu. Součástí parku je část pobřeží, okolní ostrovy, lesy (boreální lesy zastoupené především smrky a jedlemi a listnaté lesy zastoupené duby, javory a buky), pahorkatina a žulové skály, jezera a rybníky a mokřady, marše a bažiny.

Národní park Acadia byl založený v roce 1916 a je nejstarším americkým národním parkem východně od řeky Mississippi.

Source: Národní park Acadia

Spanish Parque nacional Acadia

El Parque Nacional Acadia (en inglés Acadia National Park) es un parque nacional de los Estados Unidos, ubicado principalmente en la Isla Mount Desert frente a las costas atlánticas de Maine. El parque es administrado por el Servicio de Parques Nacionales de los Estados Unidos. El área incluye montañas, una costa oceánica, bosques y lagos. Además de la isla Mount Desert, el parque incluye la mayor parte de la Isla a lo alto (Isle au Haut), que es una pequeña isla al sudoeste de la isla Mount Desert. También forma parte del parque una porción de la península Schoodic en el continente.

Source: Parque nacional Acadia

French Parc national d'Acadia

Le parc national d'Acadia (Acadia National Park) préserve une grande partie de l'île des Monts Déserts, et les îles associées au large de la côte Atlantique du Maine. La zone inclut des montagnes, la côte et des lacs.

Source: Parc national d'Acadia

Italian Parco nazionale di Acadia

Il parco nazionale di Acadia (Acadia national Park) è un parco nazionale statunitense situato al largo della costa Atlantica del Maine. Preserva una grande parte della Mount Desert Island, e le isole associate. La zona include montagne, coste e laghi.

Il parco offre 192 km di piste, 80 km di strade sterrate ed una grande abbondanza di flora e fauna.

Source: Parco nazionale di Acadia

Japanese アーカディア国立公園

アーカディア国立公園(Acadia National Park)は、メイン州の大西洋沖のマウント・デザート島(Mount Desert Island)と、周囲の小さな島々の多くを保護している。その地域には山、海岸線、森林、湖がある。マウント・デザート島に加え、公園は、マウント・デザート島の南西の小島アイル・オ・オ(Isle au Haut)の大部分、近くのベイカー島(Baker Island)の一部からなる。本土のスクーディック半島(Schoodic Peninsula)の一部も公園の一部である。全体でアーカディア国立公園は、30,300エーカー(123平方キロメートル)のマウント・デザート島, 2,728エーカー(11平方キロメートル)のアイル・オ・オ、2,266エーカー(9.2平方キロメートル)のスクーディック半島からなる。

日本語では、アカディア国立公園、アケーディア国立公園、アケイディア国立公園と表記されることも多い。公園を訪れる人は、年間2,083,588人(2006年)にのぼる。

Source: アーカディア国立公園

pt Parque Nacional de Acadia

Acadia National Park é um parque nacional localizado na ilha de Mount Desert, no Maine, Estados Unidos .

== Referências ==

Source: Parque Nacional de Acadia

zh 阿卡迪亚国家公园

阿科底亞國家公園(Acadia National Park)是美國緬因州芒特迪瑟特島為主加上附近諸島以及本土的史庫迪克半島所組成的一個國家公園。于1919年建立时,名为拉斐特国家公园,是密西西比河以东最古老的国家公园。1929年被重命名为阿卡迪亚国家公园。

Source: 阿卡迪亚国家公园

Places located in Acadia National Park

Fernald Point Prehistoric Site

The Fernald Point Prehistoric Site is an archaeological site in Acadia National Park on Mount Desert Island on the central coast of Maine. The principal feature of the site is a shell midden, whose excavation has yielded both historic artifacts and evidence of human occupation to at least 1000 BCE. The site was listed on the National Register of Historic Places in 1978.

Abbe Museum

The Abbe Museum is a museum with two locations in Bar Harbor, Maine, on Mount Desert Island. The museum is dedicated to exploring the history and culture of Maine's Native people, the Wabanaki. It has one location at 26 Mount Desert Street in the center of Bar Harbor, and a second location at Sieur de Monts in Acadia National Park. The Sieur de Monts building is an architecturally distinctive structure, listed on the National Register of Historic Places as one of the state's first purpose-built museum buildings, and as a rare example in the state of Mediterranean architecture.

The museum was formerly led by CEO Cinnamon Catlin-Legutko, who has been an advocate for decolonizing museums. In 2020, the Abbe board of trustees hired Passamaquoddy tribal citizen Chris Newell to lead the museum under the dual role of Executive Director and Sr. Partner to Wabanaki Nations.

Blackwoods Campground

Blackwoods Campground is located on the east side of Mount Desert Island, off Maine State Route 3 in Acadia National Park. Construction on the site was begun by the Civilian Conservation Corps (CCC) in 1935, and reaching its present appearance (with modest alterations since) around 1961, with the completion of Loop B. The campground has 306 individual campsites, several group campsites, and offers only limited amenities, which include potable water and restrooms, but not showers or electrical hookups. Campsites may be reserved up to six months in advance. The portion of the campground built by the CCC, which includes its core and Loop A, was listed on the National Register of Historic Places in 2007.

Cadillac Mountain

Cadillac Mountain is located on Mount Desert Island, within Acadia National Park, in the U.S. state of Maine. With an elevation of 1,530 feet (466 meters), its summit is the highest point in Hancock County and the highest within 25 miles (40 km) of the Atlantic shoreline of the North American continent between the Cape Breton Highlands, Nova Scotia and peaks in Mexico. It is known as the first place in the U.S. to see the sunrise, although that is only true for a portion of the year.

Seawall Campground

Seawall Campground is a campground in Acadia National Park on Mount Desert Island off the coast of Maine. The campground offers four loops of campsites, including "drive-up" sites suitable for RVs and trailers, as well as walk-in tent-only campsites, and is open from late May into October. Much of the campground was built between 1936 and 1942 by crews of the Civilian Conservation Corps; this section is listed on the National Register of Historic Places. The campground is located in the village of Seawall, in the town of Southwest Harbor on Maine State Route 102A.

Ellsworth City Hall

Ellsworth City Hall is the seat of local government in Ellsworth, Maine. Built in 1934-35 after a devastating fire destroyed the old city hall and part of the business district, it is an municipal building with Georgian Revival features unusual for Maine. The building was designed by Philadelphia architect Edmund Gilchrist, and is reflective of that area. The building was listed on the National Register of Historic Places in 1986.

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Image from Wikimedia Commons under CC BY-SA 3.0 by Plh1234us