Alsace

File:Blick ins Münstertal 140707.JPG

former administrative region of France

Wikimedia Commons
Wikimedia Commons category: Alsace

Geographical coordinates: 48.5 7.5

Wikipedia

English Alsace

Alsace (, also US: , French: [alzas] (listen); Alsatian: ’s Elsàss [ˈɛlsɑs]; German: Elsass [ˈɛlzas] (listen); Latin: Alsatia) is a cultural and historical region in eastern France, on the west bank of the upper Rhine next to Germany and Switzerland.

From 1982 to 2016, Alsace was the smallest administrative région in metropolitan France, consisting of the Bas-Rhin and Haut-Rhin departments. Territorial reform passed by the French legislature in 2014 resulted in the merger of the Alsace administrative region with Champagne-Ardenne and Lorraine to form Grand Est.

Due to protests it was decided in 2019 that Bas-Rhin and Haut-Rhin would form the future European Collectivity of Alsace in 2021.

Alsatian is an Alemannic dialect closely related to Swabian and Swiss German, although since World War II most Alsatians primarily speak French. Internal and international migration since 1945 has also changed the ethnolinguistic composition of Alsace. For more than 300 years, from the Thirty Years' War to World War II, the political status of Alsace was heavily contested between France and various German states in wars and diplomatic conferences. The economic and cultural capital of Alsace, as well as its largest city, is Strasbourg. The city is the seat of several international organizations and bodies.

Source: Alsace

German Elsass

Das Elsass (in älterer Schreibweise auch Elsaß, elsässisch ’s Elsàss, ’s Elses, französisch Alsace [alˈzas]) ist eine Europäische Gebietskörperschaft in der Region Grand Est im Osten Frankreichs. Es erstreckt sich über den südwestlichen Teil der Oberrheinischen Tiefebene und reicht im Nordwesten mit dem Krummen Elsass bis auf das lothringische Plateau. Im Norden und Osten grenzt das Elsass an Deutschland und im Süden an die Schweiz. Hauptstadt der Gebietskörperschaft ist Straßburg.

Landschaftlich wird das Elsass meist als die Gegend zwischen Vogesen und Rhein beschrieben. Die politischen Grenzen, die das Elsass definieren, haben sich dagegen im Verlauf seiner Geschichte mehrfach geändert. Historisch bedeutend sind hier vor allem das Herzogtum Elsass (7. und 8. Jahrhundert), die beiden Landgrafschaften des Elsass (12.–17. Jahrhundert) innerhalb des Heiligen Römischen Reiches und die erstmals französische Provinz Elsass (17.–18. Jahrhundert).

Die gegenwärtigen Grenzen des Elsass, das aus den 2021 weitgehend zusammengefassten Départements Bas-Rhin und Haut-Rhin besteht, beruhen auf den Grenzziehungen der Französischen Revolutionszeit (Départementgrenzen, Krummes Elsass) und des Frankfurter Friedens 1871 (Belfort wird vom Elsass abgetrennt).

Seit dem 17. Jahrhundert wechselte das Elsass mehrmals seine politische Zugehörigkeit zwischen dem Heiligen Römischen Reich bzw. Deutschen Reich und Frankreich.

Zwischen 1973 und 2015 bildeten die beiden elsässischen Départements zusammen eine eigene französische Verwaltungsregion Elsass (Région Alsace). Mit 8280 km² war sie die flächenmäßig kleinste Region auf dem französischen Festland und hatte 1.898.533 Einwohner (Stand 1. Januar 2018). Im Rahmen der Regionsfusionen wurde am 1. Januar 2016 die Region Grand Est (Großer Osten) mit der Hauptstadt Straßburg gegründet. Diese umfasst das Elsass, Lothringen und Champagne-Ardenne. Als Europäische Gebietskörperschaft wurden die beiden Départements des Elsass mit Jahresbeginn 2021 wieder als eine politische Einheit zusammengefasst.

Source: Elsass

Polish Alzacja

Alzacja (fr. Alsace, al. Elsàss, niem. Elsass) – kraina historyczna w północno-wschodniej Francji, nad Renem, w regionie administracyjnym Grand Est, w departamentach Dolny Ren na północy i Górny Ren na południu. Historyczna Alzacja obejmowała jeszcze niewielki obszar wokół miasta Belfort, który obecnie tworzy departament Territoire de Belfort. Od 1982 roku do 31 grudnia 2015 roku odrębny region administracyjny.

Source: Alzacja

Russian Эльзас

Эльза́с (фр. Alsace, произносится [альза́с]), нем. Elsass, ранее Elsaß) — историческая область на востоке современной Франции. Граничит с Германией и Швейцарией. Входит в состав административного региона Гранд-Эст. Крупнейший город Эльзаса – Страсбур, второй по величине — Мюлуз (супрефектура Верхнего Рейна), третий — Кольмар (префектура Верхнего Рейна).

Source: Эльзас

Ukrainian Ельзас

Ельза́с (Альза́с, фр. Alsace, нім. Elsass, до реформи 1996 Elsaß) — історичний регіон (з 1 січня 2016 у складі регіону Гранд-Ест) на північному сході Франції, що межує з Німеччиною і Швейцарією. Столицею Ельзасу є Страсбург; друге місто за величиною — Мюлуз (супрефектура Верхнього Рейну), третє — Кольмар (префектура Верхнього Рейну).

Ельзас поділяється на два департаменти:

Нижній Рейн (фр. Bas-Rhin) на півночі з адміністративним центром у Страсбурзі.

Верхній Рейн (фр. Haut-Rhin) на півдні з адміністративним центром у Кольмарі.Ельзас є історичною областю Франції, що мала колись у своєму складі Територію Бельфор.

Source: Ельзас

cs Alsasko

Alsasko (francouzsky Alsace, německy das Elsass, alsasky s’Elsass, česky dříve Elsasko) je bývalý region Francie. V mírně odlišných hranicích se jedná též o bývalou francouzskou provincii, zrušenou roku 1790. Nachází se na východě Francie u hranic s Německem a Švýcarskem.

Region se skládal ze dvou departmentů (Bas-Rhin a Haut-Rhin) a jeho hlavní město je Štrasburk. Součástí stejnojmenné provincie byl ještě Belfort. Hlavní symbol Alsaska je čáp. Je součástí mnoha legend vyprávěných dětem. Od roku 1970 čáp zmizel, ale dnes se zase navrací. Od roku 2016 byl spolu s regiony Champagne-Ardenne a Lotrinsko sloučen do nového regionu Grand Est.

Source: Alsasko

Spanish Alsacia

Alsacia —en francés Alsace— (en latín: Alsatia; —pronunciación: /al.zas/—; en alsaciano: ’s Elsàss; en alemán: Elsass ), es una región cultural , histórica y administrativa en el noreste de Francia, en la frontera con Alemania y Suiza. Ubicada entre las montañas de los Vosgos y el rio Rin, se encuentra en la región de Renania Europa, en el corazón de la dorsal Europea. Desde 2021, Alsacia es una colectividad administrativa especial, la Colectividad Europea de Alsacia (En francés: collectivité européenne d'Alsace y en alsaciano: D'Europäischa Gebiatskärwerschàft Elsàssest).[1]​

El idioma históricamente predominante de gran parte de Alsacia ha sido el alsaciano, en realidad un conjunto de dialectos estrechamente relacionados con el alemán de Suabia y Suiza. Sin embargo, desde la Segunda Guerra Mundial, la pertenencia a Francia ha llevado a que la mayoría de los alsacianos hablen principalmente francés, el idioma oficial de Francia. La migración interna e internacional desde 1945 también ha cambiado la composición etnolingüística histórica de Alsacia. La región posee gracias a su contexto histórico una legislación única en el país, por lo que ciertas disposiciones administrativas en la región se rigen por el Derecho local.[3]​ El territorio ha sido disputado entre Francia y varios estados alemanes en el transcurso de más de 300 años, principalmente desde la Guerra de los Treinta Años (1618-1648) hasta la Segunda Guerra Mundial (1939-1945), formando parte de Francia en la actualidad.

Administrativamente desde el 1 de enero de 2016 todo el estado francés se ha reordenado regionalmente con nuevas divisiones territoriales, correspondiendo a Alsacia pertenecer a la nueva región francesa de Gran Este (ley n.º 2015-29). Sin embargo, diferentes grupos y comunidades de la región no reconocen de facto esta división administrativa al considerar que atenta contra la cultura Alsaciana.[4]​[5]​[6]​[7]​Luego de un acuerdo entre la región y el gobierno, desde el 2021 la región se transformó en una nueva colectividad territorial llamada "colectividad europea de Alsacia".[8]​

La capital cultural, así como la ciudad más grande de Alsacia es Estrasburgo. Entre esta ciudad y Colmar se decidirá desde 2021, la capital de la región.[9]​ Alsacia es la sede de varias organizaciones y organismos internacionales, entre los que se encuentran el Parlamento Europeo o el Tribunal Europeo de Derechos Humanos. La cigüeña blanca es el animal simbólico de la región, al punto que están presentes en muchos techos de iglesias y otros edificios públicos en Alsacia y, a veces, en los techos de casas particulares. El folclore, los cuentos, las leyendas, las creencias populares de Alsacia son una inspiración de la cultura germánica de Renania, teñido de latinidad y celtismo.

Source: Alsacia

French Alsace

L’Alsace (prononciation : /al.zas/ ; en alsacien : ’s Elsàss, en allemand : das Elsass) est une région historique et une collectivité territoriale de l’est de la France à la frontière avec l'Allemagne et la Suisse. Ses habitants sont appelés les Alsaciens.

De 1956 à 2015, l'Alsace était une région administrative, composée des deux départements du Rhin, qui a fusionné avec les régions de Champagne-Ardenne et de Lorraine pour former la région Grand Est le 1er janvier 2016. Une nouvelle collectivité territoriale — la collectivité européenne d'Alsace — reprenant exactement les mêmes limites géographiques et continuant à faire partie de la région Grand Est est créée le 1er janvier 2021.

Géographiquement elle se trouve entre le massif des Vosges et le Rhin. Région de l'Europe rhénane, elle fait plus largement partie de l'espace culturel de l'Europe centrale et est historiquement une terre de langue germanique (alémanique et francique) avec des parties romanes (vallées welches, certaines communes du Sundgau). Malgré son identité forte, l´Alsace est une région cosmopolite, métissée et fortement diversifiée sur le plan religieux (voir Histoire des Juifs en Alsace, Protestantisme en Alsace et Mennonites d'Alsace). La région historique était subdivisée en trois entités : la Haute-Alsace, la Basse-Alsace et la République de Mulhouse. Cette dernière se lance dans l'aventure industrielle dès 1746 et vote sous la contrainte militaire sa réunion à la France en 1798.

Française depuis le milieu du XVIIe siècle et son annexion par Louis XIV, l'Alsace accueille avec enthousiasme la Révolution française. Berceau de La Marseillaise, elle a vu naître des généraux révolutionnaires comme Kléber, Westermann, Kellermann, Rapp ou encore Amey. L'implication des Alsaciens dans la Révolution, ainsi que plus tard dans l'affaire du capitaine Dreyfus, scella leur attachement à la République française,.

Après la défaite lors de la guerre de 1870, l'Alsace (moins l'arrondissement de Belfort) et une partie de la Lorraine (actuel département de la Moselle) sont annexées à l'Empire allemand. Celles que l'on désigne alors comme les « provinces perdues » inspireront un revanchisme qui accompagnera toute la Troisième République. Terre d'Empire (« Reichsland » en allemand), l'Alsace-Lorraine est dotée d'une constitution en 1911 qui est suspendue dès le début de la Grande Guerre. À l'issue de celle-ci, l'Alsace-Lorraine réintègre la République française en 1919. Elle est une nouvelle fois annexée par l'Allemagne en 1940 lors de la Seconde Guerre mondiale (sous le nom administratif de « CdZ-Gebiet Elsass »), avant de redevenir française en 1945. Cette histoire houleuse est une clé essentielle à la compréhension de certains particularismes locaux. Ainsi dans le Haut-Rhin et le Bas-Rhin, de nombreux domaines sont régis par un droit local qui se substitue au droit général français.

Strasbourg est la plus importante des cinq grandes agglomérations alsaciennes devant Mulhouse, Colmar, Haguenau et Saint-Louis (banlieue française de Bâle),. Les unités urbaines de Strasbourg et de Mulhouse dépassent chacune les 200 000 habitants. De tradition industrielle forte, Mulhouse est, avec Amiens, la grande ville de France métropolitaine qui a la plus forte proportion de jeunes de moins de 19 ans. Strasbourg est le siège de plusieurs institutions européennes, dont le Parlement européen et le Conseil de l'Europe.

Source: Alsace

Italian Alsazia

L'Alsazia (in francese Alsace, IPA [al.zas] ; in alsaziano: ’s Elsass, [ˈɛlsɑs]; in tedesco: Elsass, vetusto anche Elsaß, [ˈɛlzas] ; in latino: Alsatia) è una regione storico-culturale della Francia.

Un tempo regione amministrativa nell'ambito dello Stato francese, è dal 1º gennaio 2016 confluita nella regione Grand Est. In termini di estensione era la più piccola della Francia metropolitana e la quinta più piccola considerando anche i territori d'oltremare, con una superficie di 8.280,2 km2. Era al settimo posto invece per densità di popolazione, terza considerando solo la terraferma europea, con circa 224 abitanti per km2 su una popolazione complessiva di circa 1.852.325 (stime al 1º gennaio 2011, ultimo censimento del 2006 1.815.488).

L'Alsazia è situata sul confine orientale francese, sulla sponda occidentale del Reno a ridosso di Germania e Svizzera. Lo status politico dell'Alsazia è stato pesantemente influenzato da vicende e decisioni storiche, non per ultimi conflitti bellici. La capitale economica nonché maggiore centro dell'Alsazia è la città di Strasburgo, sede di numerose organizzazioni internazionali.

Come regione amministrativa, essa era composta da 2 dipartimenti: Basso Reno (67, Bas-Rhin, Unterelsass) a nord e l'Alto Reno (68, Haut-Rhin, Oberelsass) a sud. Sono inclusi nella regione 13 arrondissement, 75 cantoni e 904 comuni.

Source: Alsazia

Japanese アルザス地域圏

アルザス地域圏(アルザスちいきけん、アルザス語: Elsàss、アレマン語: Elsäß、標準ドイツ語: Elsass、フランス語: Alsace、英語: Alsace)は、フランス北東部のDépartement(デパルトモン=行政区分)。Bas-Rhin(バ=ラン県)とHaut-Rhin(オ=ラン県)二つの県を含む。2021年1月1日にバ=ラン県、オ=ラン県の合併が計画されており、名称がCollectivité européenne d'Alsaceに変更予定。バ=ラン県の県庁所在地はストラスブール(独:シュトラースブルク)で、アルザス地域圏の首府でもある。オ=ラン県の県庁所在はコルマール。

ヴォージュ山脈のある西側の大部分をロレーヌ地域圏と接し、残りはブルゴーニュ=フランシュ=コンテ地域圏と接している。

ドイツとスイスの国境に接する。2016年1月1日より、アルザスからGrand Est(グラン・テスト地域圏)の名称となった。

Source: アルザス地域圏

pt Alsácia

A Alsácia (em francês: Alsace, em alemão: Elsass) é uma antiga região administrativa da França, localizada a leste do país, junto às fronteiras alemã e suíça. Hoje integra a região do Grande Leste (Alsácia-Champanha-Ardenas-Lorena) e tem Estrasburgo como capital e maior cidade.

Source: Alsácia

zh 阿尔萨斯

阿尔萨斯(法語:Région Alsace;德語:Elsass)是法国东部的一个地区,也是法国的一个旧大区,以莱茵河南北分开成两个部份:北部的下莱茵省和南部的上莱茵省。古代是法兰克王国的一部分,作为哈布斯堡家族的发源地,在17世纪以前归属神圣罗马帝国,三十年战争后根据《威斯特伐利亚和约》割让给法国(首府斯特拉斯堡到路易十四时代完全被法国吞并)。它和洛林都在普法战争后割让給普鲁士,一战结束后重新被法国吞并,二战初期又被纳粹德国占领,至二战结束再次被法国吞并,阿尔萨斯和洛林都是白葡萄酒的著名产地。

2016年1月1日起,阿爾薩斯、香檳-阿登和洛林等三個大區合併成大東部大區。

Source: 阿尔萨斯

Places located in Alsace

Mulhouse

Mulhouse (pronounced [myluz]; Alsatian: Milhüsa or Milhüse, [mɪlˈyːzə]; German: Mülhausen; Dutch: Mulhuizen; i.e. mill house) is a city and commune in eastern France, close to the Swiss and German borders.

With a population of 109,443 in 2017, and 285,121 inhabitants in the metropolitan area in 2016, it is the largest city in the Haut-Rhin département, and the second largest in the Alsace region after Strasbourg. Mulhouse is the principal commune of the 39 communes which make up the communauté d'agglomération of Mulhouse Alsace Agglomération (m2A, population 272,712).Mulhouse is famous for its museums, especially the Cité de l'Automobile (also known as the Musée national de l’automobile, 'National Museum of the Automobile') and the Cité du Train (also known as Musée Français du Chemin de Fer, 'French Museum of the Railway'), respectively the largest automobile and railway museums in the world. An industrial town nicknamed "the French Manchester", Mulhouse is also the main seat of the Upper Alsace University, where the secretariat of the European Physical Society is found.

Cité du train

The Cité du Train (English: City of the Train or Train City), situated in Mulhouse, France, is one of the ten largest railway museums in the world. It is the successor to the musée français du chemin de fer (trans. French national railway museum), the organisation responsible for the conservation of major historical SNCF railway equipment.

Observatory of Strasbourg

The Observatory of Strasbourg is an astronomical observatory in Strasbourg, France.

Following the Franco-Prussian War of 1870–71, the city of Strasbourg became part of the German Empire. The University of Strasbourg was refounded in 1872 and a new observatory began construction in 1875 in the Neustadt district. The main instrument was a 50 cm Repsold refractor, which saw first light in 1880 (see Great refractor). At the time this was the largest instrument in the German Empire. In 1881, the ninth General Assembly of the Astronomische Gesellschaft met in Strasbourg to mark the official inauguration.

The observatory site was selected primarily for instruction purposes and political symbolism, rather than the observational qualities. It was a low-lying site that was prone to mists. During the period up until 1914, the staff was too small to work the instruments and so there was little academic research published prior to World War I. The main observations were of comets and variable stars. After 1909, the instruments were also used to observe binary stars and perform photometry of nebulae.The observatory is currently the home for the Centre de données astronomiques de Strasbourg, a database for the collection and distribution of astronomical information. This includes SIMBAD, a reference database for astronomical objects, VizieR, an astronomical catalogue service and Aladin, an interactive sky atlas. The modern extension of the building houses Planétarium de Strasbourg. The observatory is surrounded by the Jardin botanique de l'Université de Strasbourg.

In the vaulted basement below the observatory, a University-administered museum is located. Called Crypte aux étoiles ("star crypt"), it displays old telescopes and other antique astronomical devices such as clocks and theodolites.

Ingaevones

The Ingaevones [ɪŋɡae̯ˈwoːneːs] were a West Germanic cultural group living along the North Sea coast in the areas of Jutland, Holstein, and Frisia in the classical period. Tribes in this area included the Frisii, Chauci, Saxons, and Jutes.

The name is sometimes given by modern editors or translators as Ingvaeones, on the assumption that this is more likely to be the correct form, since an etymology can be formed for it as 'son of Yngvi', Yngvi occurring later as a Scandinavian divine name. Hence the postulated common group of closely related dialects of the "Ingvaeones" is called Ingvaeonic or North Sea Germanic.Tacitus' source categorized the Ingaevones near the ocean as one of the three tribal groups descended from the three sons of Mannus, son of Tuisto, progenitor of all the Germanic peoples, the other two being the Irminones and the Istaevones. According to the speculations of Rafael von Uslar, this threefold subdivision of the West Germanic tribes corresponds to archeological evidence from Late Antiquity. Pliny ca 80 CE in his Natural History (IV.28) lists the Ingaevones as one of the five Germanic races, the others being the Vandili, the Istvaeones, the Hermiones and the Bastarnae. According to him, the Ingaevones were made up of Cimbri, Teutons and Chauci.

Stripped of its Latin ending, the Ingvaeon are the Ingwine, "friends of Ing" familiar from Beowulf, where Hrothgar is "Lord of the Ingwine"—whether one of them or lord over them being ambiguous.

Ing, the legendary father of the Ingaevones/Ingvaeones derives his name from a posited proto-Germanic *Ingwaz, as Ing, Ingo or Inguio, son of Mannus. This is also the name applied to the Viking era deity Freyr, known in Sweden as Yngvi-Freyr and mentioned as Yngvi-Freyr in Snorri Sturluson's Ynglinga saga. Jacob Grimm, in his Teutonic Mythology considers this Ing to have been originally identical to the obscure Scandinavian Yngvi, eponymous ancestor of the Swedish royal house of the Ynglinga, the "Inglings" or sons of Ing. Ing appears in the set of verses composed about the 9th century and printed under the title The Old English Rune Poem by George Hickes in 1705:

An Ingui is also listed in the Anglo-Saxon royal house of Bernicia and was probably once seen as the progenitor of all Anglian kings. Since the Ingaevones form the bulk of the Anglo-Saxon settlement in Britain, they were speculated by Noah Webster to have given England its name, and Grigsby remarks that on the continent "they formed part of the confederacy known as the 'friends of Ing' and in the new lands they migrated to in the 5th and 6th centuries. In time, they would name these lands Angle-land, and it is tempting to speculate that the word Angle was derived from, or thought of as a pun on, the name of Ing."According to the Trojan genealogy in the Historia Brittonum, Mannus becomes Alanus and Ing, his son, becomes Neugio. The three sons of Neugio are named Boguarus, Vandalus and Saxo—from whom came the peoples of the Boguarii (Baiuvarii), the Vandals, the Saxons and Taringi (Thuringii). This account comes to the Historia by way of the 6th-century Frankish Table of Nations, which borrows directly from Tacitus.

EuroAirport Basel-Mulhouse-Freiburg

EuroAirport Basel Mulhouse Freiburg (IATA: MLH, BSL, EAP, ICAO: LFSB, LSZM) is an international airport 3.5 km (2.2 mi) northwest of the city of Basel, Switzerland, 20 km (12 mi) southeast of Mulhouse in France, and 46 km (29 mi) south-southwest of Freiburg im Breisgau in Germany. The Franco-Swiss administered airport is geographically located within the French Alsace region, in the administrative commune of Saint-Louis near the border tripoint between France, Germany, and Switzerland. The airport serves as a base for easyJet Switzerland and features mainly flights to European metropolitan and leisure destinations.

Barrage Vauban

The Barrage Vauban, or Vauban Dam, is a bridge, weir and defensive work erected in the 17th century on the River Ill in the city of Strasbourg in France. At that time, it was known as the Great Lock (grande écluse), although it does not function as a navigation lock in the modern sense of the word. Today it serves to display sculptures and has a viewing terrace on its roof, with views of the earlier Ponts Couverts bridges and Petite France quarter. It has been classified as a Monument historique since 1971.The barrage was constructed from 1686 to 1690 in pink Vosges sandstone by the French Engineer Jacques Tarade according to plans by Vauban. The principal defensive function of the barrage was to enable, in the event of an attack, the raising the level of the River Ill and thus the flooding of all the lands south of the city, making them impassable to the enemy. This defensive measure was deployed in 1870, when Strasbourg was besieged by Prussian forces during the Franco-Prussian War, and resulted in the complete flooding of the northern part of the suburb of Neudorf.The barrage has 13 arches and is 120 metres (390 ft) in length. Within the structure an enclosed corridor links the two banks and a lapidarium serves to display ancient plaster casts and copies of statues and gargoyles from Strasbourg Cathedral and Palais Rohan. Three of the arches are raised to permit navigation, and the corridor is carried across these by drawbridges. The roof was rebuilt in 1965-66 in order to construct the panoramic terrace. Admission to the barrage and terrace is free, and they are open daily from 09:00 to 19:30.The Strasbourg Museum of Modern and Contemporary Art and the Commanderie Saint-Jean, now home to the prestigious École Nationale d'Administration, are both adjacent to the northern end of the barrage. The headquarters (Hôtel du Département) of the Bas-Rhin department is by the southern end.

Saint-Pierre-le-Jeune Protestant Church

The Saint-Pierre-le-Jeune Protestant Church (Église protestante Saint-Pierre-le-Jeune)

is one of the most important church buildings of the city of Strasbourg, France, from the art historical and architectural viewpoints. It got its name, "Young St. Peter's", because of the existence of three other St. Peter's churches in the same city: Saint-Pierre-le-Vieux ("Old St. Peter's"), divided into a Catholic and a Lutheran church, and Saint-Pierre-le-Jeune catholique, a massive neo-Romanesque domed church from the late 19th century.

The church has been Lutheran since 1524 and its congregation forms part of the Protestant Church of Augsburg Confession of Alsace and Lorraine. It is located on the Route Romane d'Alsace.

Bibliothèque nationale et universitaire (Strasbourg)

The National and University Library (French: Bibliothèque nationale et universitaire; abbreviated BNU) is a public library in Strasbourg, France. It is located on Place de la République, the former Kaiserplatz, and faces the Palais du Rhin.

Silingi

The Silings or Silingi (Latin: Silingae; Ancient Greek: Σιλίγγαι – Silingai) were a Germanic tribe, part of the larger Vandal group. The Silingi at one point lived in Silesia, and the names Silesia and Silingi may be related.

Abbaye Notre-Dame d'Oelenberg

Oelenberg Abbey (Latin: Abbatia B.M.V. de Oelenberg; French: Abbaye Notre-Dame d'Oelenberg; Alemannic German: Kloschter vum Eelabarg) is a Trappist monastery located in Reiningue near Mulhouse, France. It has been an important place of worship in Alsace since the 11th century but now hosts a small community of five monks (as of 2017).

The former Jesuit church with its nave, its two-level transept, its choir and its burial vault were listed as a Historic Monument on June 16, 1992.

Old Saint Peter's Church, Strasbourg

The Church of Old Saint Peters (French: Église Saint-Pierre le Vieux) is a by simultaneum Catholic and Lutheran church building in Strasbourg, Alsace is first mentioned in 1130.In the Middle Ages it was one of Diocese of Strasbourg's nine parish churches.

On 22 May 1398 the Chapter of the Abbey of Honau, which had been in Rhinau since 1290, moved to Old St Peter's because of flooding in Rhinau. The Chapter stayed there until 1529, conducting its services in the choir, while the parish occupied the nave. When the Catholic rite was restored in 1683, the Chapter returned to the Church and stayed there until 1790, when it was wound up.

On 20 February 1529, when Strasbourg openly joined the Reformation and suspended the practice of the mass, the Church became Lutheran.

Martin Bucer and the other Strasbourg reformers had campaigned for several years to have Protestant services in all of Strasbourg's churches, but in 1525 the city council had voted to retain the mass in several churches, including Old St Peter's.

In 1535, in the context of the Reform, a Latin school, or 'Middle school' was opened at Old Saint Peters.In 1683, two years after the annexation of Strasbourg by France, Louis XIV ordered that part of the Church be returned to the Catholics and that a wall be constructed inside the church by the rood screen, to restrict the Protestant services to the Nave. It was not until 2012 that a door was opened in this dividing wall.In the 19th century, the Catholic part of the Church was extended. The extension was designed by the architect Conrath and opened in 1867. The 1762 pipe organ of the Catholic part was moved to the Church of Saint Maurice in Soultz-les-Bains in 1865.

The Catholic Church contains relics of Brigit of Kildare as well as a number of important works of art classified as Monuments historiques such as the "Passion of Christ", a series of ten Gothic paintings by Heinrich (or Henri) Lutzelmann (1485), the "Scenes from the Life of St Peter" an (incomplete) series of four wooden early Renaissance or late Gothic reliefs made around 1500 and a series of four 1504 paintings depicting "Scenes of the Life of Christ after the Resurrection".The Lutheran part of the church, presently owned and used by a congregation within the Protestant Church of Augsburg Confession of Alsace and Lorraine, also features some notable works of art, among which the wooden Renaissance relief "Holy Family" (1520s) by Hans Wydyz, classified as a Monument historique.

Seat of the European Parliament in Strasbourg

The city of Strasbourg (France) is the official seat of the European Parliament. The institution is legally bound to meet there twelve sessions a year lasting about four days each. Other work takes place in Brussels and Luxembourg City (see Location of European Union institutions for more information). Also all votes of the European Parliament must take place in Strasbourg. "Additional" sessions and committees take place in Brussels. Although de facto a majority of the Parliament's work is now geared to its Brussels site, it is legally bound to keep Strasbourg as its official home.

The Parliament's five buildings, all named after distinguished European politicians, are located in the Quartier Européen (European Quarter) of the city, which it shares with other European organisations which are separate from the European Union's. Previously the Parliament used to share the same assembly room as the Council of Europe. Today, the principal building is the Louise Weiss building, inaugurated in 1999.

Istvaeones

The Istvaeones (also spelled Istaevones) were a Germanic group of tribes living near the banks of the Rhine during the Roman empire which reportedly shared a common culture and origin. The Istaevones were contrasted to neighbouring groups, the Ingaevones on the North Sea coast, and the Herminones, living inland of these groups.

In linguistics, the term "Istvaeonic languages" is also sometimes used in discussions about the grouping of the northwestern West Germanic languages, consisting of Frankish and its descendants (principally Old Dutch) as well as several closely related historical dialects. Whether or not the Istvaeones spoke a Germanic language according to modern definitions, the theory proposes that their language indirectly influenced later Germanic languages in the area as a substrate.

Musée judéo-alsacien

The Judeo-Alsatian Museum (French: le Musée judéo-alsacien) is a museum in Bouxwiller in the Bas-Rhin department of France. Housed in a former synagogue, the museum describes the Jewish culture and history of the Jews of Alsace.

Saint-Louis station

Saint-Louis station (French: Gare de Saint-Louis) is the main railway station in the border town of Saint-Louis, Haut-Rhin, France.

Château de Pourtalès

Château de Pourtalès (or Château de Robertsau) is a château situated in the département of Bas-Rhin, Alsace, France. It's dated to the 18th century and named after the Pourtalès family.

Palais des Fêtes

The Palais des Fêtes (Festival Palace) is a music venue in the Neustadt district of Strasbourg, in the French department of the Bas-Rhin. Built for the male choral society of Strasbourg (German: Strassburger Männergesangverein) in 1903, it has served as the principal concert hall of the city and home to the Orchestre philharmonique de Strasbourg until 1975. It has been classified as a Monument historique since 2007.Well known conductors such as Gustav Mahler, Richard Strauss, Charles Munch, Bruno Walter, Wilhelm Furtwängler, Herbert von Karajan, Karel Ančerl, Pierre Boulez and Lorin Maazel, among others, have all conducted guest concerts in the Palais.

Statue of Johannes Gutenberg

A statue of Johannes Gutenberg by David d'Angers is installed on Place Gutenberg in Strasbourg, France.

Château de Heidwiller

Château de Heidwiller is a castle in the commune of Heidwiller, in the department of Haut-Rhin, Alsace, France. It is a listed historical monument since 1996.

Château de Hegenheim

The Château de Hegenheim is a castle in the commune of Hégenheim, in the department of Haut-Rhin, Alsace, France. It has been a listed historical monument since 1990.

Château de la famille d'Eplingen

Château de la famille d'Eplingen is a château in the commune of Hagenthal-le-Bas, in the department of Haut-Rhin, Alsace, France. Built in either the 16th or 17th century, the château became a national property in 1799 and remained so until it moved into private hands in the 1840s. The remodeling performed by its new owners were mostly to the external structure of the building. It has been owned by the town since 2003 and listed as a historical monument since 2010.

Château de Reinach

Château de Reinach is a château in the commune of Hirtzbach, in the department of Haut-Rhin, Alsace, France. It is a listed historical monument since 1990.

Château de la Cour d'Angleterre

The Château de la Cour d'Angleterre is a château in the commune of Bischheim, Bas-Rhin, Alsace, France.

It was built in 1751 and registered as a monument historique in 1995.

Temple Saint-Étienne

The Temple Saint-Étienne (Protestant St. Stephen's Church; Alsatian: Schtefànskerch) is a Calvinist church located in the city of Mulhouse, Alsace, France. Its congregation forms part of the Protestant Reformed Church of Alsace and Lorraine. Because of its central location on the main square of Mulhouse, the Place de la Réunion, and its 97 metre high bell tower (the highest steeple in the department of Haut-Rhin), it is sometimes referred to as the "Cathedral of Mulhouse" (Cathédrale de Mulhouse). The church was designed by the city architect Jean-Baptiste Schacre, who also designed the large Catholic St. Stephen's Church (Église Saint-Étienne).

maison des arts

Maison des Arts (French for: "House of Arts") is a museum in Bischwiller in the Bas-Rhin department of France. It is situated in a 17th-century house that was built for a farrier.

Belvédère tower

The Tour du Belvédère is a 20 metre tall observation tower located on Belvédère mountain near Mulhouse in Alsace, France. Tour du Belvédère was designed by Ph. Ant. Fauler, built in 1898 and is reminiscent of the Eiffel Tower.

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