Fortifications of Rhodes

File:Fosato tra torre d'italia e porta san giovanni, bastione con stemma pierre d'aubusson 00.JPG

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Wikimedia Commons category: Medieval Fortifications of the Old Town at Rhodes

Geographical coordinates: 36.445 28.227

Wikipedia

English Fortifications of Rhodes

The fortifications of the town of Rhodes are shaped like a defensive crescent around the medieval town and consist mostly in a modern fortification composed of a huge wall made of an embankment encased in stone, equipped with scarp, bastions, moat, counterscarp and glacis. The portion of fortifications facing the harbour is instead composed of a crenellated wall. On the moles towers and defensive forts are found.

They were built by the Knights Hospitaller of Saint John by enhancing the existing Byzantine walls starting from 1309, the year in which they took possession of the island after a three-year struggle.Like most of the defensive walls they were built with a technique called rubble masonry which allows for a great mass capable of withstanding the gunshots with smooth external stone faces to avoid climbing.

The defence of different portions of fortifications was assigned to different Langue (tongues) of Knights. The North face was under the rule of the Grand Master, then moving West and South the posts were held by the Langue of France and Alvernia, the Langue of Spain (Spanish and Portuguese), the Langue of Germany (English and German), and the Langue of Italy. Bastions and terrepleins still hold the name of the langue involved (e.g. Bastion of Italy, terreplein of Spain).

Source: Fortifications of Rhodes

Italian Fortificazioni di Rodi

Le fortificazioni della città di Rodi consistono in una cintura difensiva attorno alla città vecchia composta per lo più da una fortificazione alla moderna cioè composta da un terrapieno rivestito in pietra con bastioni, fossato, controscarpa e spalto. La parte di fortificazione che si affaccia sul porto è invece costituita da un semplice muraglione merlato, mentre sui moli sono poste torri e forti di difesa.

Esse furono costruite dai Cavalieri Ospitalieri di San Giovanni ampliando le preesistenti mura bizantine a partire dal 1309, anno in cui essi presero possesso dell'Isola dopo tre anni di azioni militari per conquistare l'isola.

Come la maggior parte delle mura difensive furono realizzate con la tecnica della muratura a sacco che consente di disporre di una grande massa capace di resistere al cannone e mura esterne lisce per impedirne la scalata.

Source: Fortificazioni di Rodi

Ukrainian Укріплення Родосу

Укріплення Родосу — середньовічні укріплення в місті Родос, розташованому на одноіменному грецькому острові. Укріплення міста Родос мають форму оборонного півмісяця навколо середньовічного міста і складаються головним чином із оборонного муру довжиною понад 4 км з контрескарпом, бастіонами, ровом, вежами, фортами та гласисом. Укріплення почали будуватися лицарями госпітальєрами, починаючи з 1309 року, шляхом посилення існуючих візантійських стін.

Source: Укріплення Родосу

Chenese 罗得市城墙

罗得市城墙(fortifications of the town of Rhodes)是罗得市中世纪古城周围的新月形防御性工事,环绕海港。

圣若望医院骑士团经过三年的战斗,夺取了该岛。从1309年开始,他们加固了拜占庭城墙。

城墙的各段的防御被分配给不同语言的骑士,包括法语、西班牙语、德语、意大利语。

罗得市城墙共有11个城门。

Source: 罗得市城墙

el Οχυρώσεις της Ρόδουit Fortificazioni di Rodinb Rhodes’ festningsverkerpt Fortificações de Rodesuk Укріплення Родосуzh 罗得市城墙
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Wikimedia Commons CC BY-SA 3.0 by sailko
Wikidata Updated: Fri Jul 23 2021 07:39:59