civil parish

territorial designation and lowest tier of local government in England, UK

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Wikimedia Commons category: Civil parishes of England

Wikipedia

English Civil parish

In England, a civil parish is a type of administrative parish used for local government. It is a territorial designation which is the lowest tier of local government below districts and counties, or their combined form, the unitary authority. Civil parishes can trace their origin to the ancient system of ecclesiastical parishes which historically played a role in both civil and ecclesiastical administration; civil and religious parishes were formally split into two types in the 19th century and are now entirely separate. The unit was devised and rolled out across England in the 1860s.

A civil parish can range in size from a sparsely populated rural area with fewer than a hundred inhabitants, to a large town with a population in the tens of thousands. Eight parishes also have city status (a status granted by the monarch). A civil parish may be equally known as and confirmed as a town, village, neighbourhood or community by resolution of its parish council, a right not conferred on other units of English local government. Civil parishes predominantly cover rural areas, with many urban districts being wholly or partly unparished; approximately 35% of the English population live in a civil parish. As of 31 December 2015 there were 10,449 parishes in England. The most populous is Sutton Coldfield, and those with cathedral city status are Chichester, Ely, Hereford, Lichfield, Ripon, Salisbury, Truro and Wells.

On 1 April 2014, Queen's Park became the first civil parish in Greater London. Before 2008 their creation was not permitted within a London borough.Wales was also divided into civil parishes until 1974, when they were replaced by communities, which are very similar to English parishes in the way they operate. Civil parishes in Scotland were abolished for local government purposes by the Local Government (Scotland) Act 1929; the Scottish equivalent of English civil parishes are community council areas, which were established by the Local Government (Scotland) Act 1973.

Source: Civil parish

Arabic أبرشية مدنية

أبرشية مدنية أو رعية مدنية (بالإنجليزية: Civil parishes in England)‏ هي تسمية تستخدم في إنجلترا، للإشارة لأدنى مستوى من الحكومة المحلية في المناطق والمقاطعات، ذات التشكيل المشترك والمكون و‌السلطة المركزية والرعية الإدارية.

الرعية المدنية يمكن أن تتراوح في حجمها من مدينة كبيرة يبلغ عدد سكانها حوالي 80،000 إلى قرية واحدة مع عدد سكان أقل من مائة نسمة. ويمكن أن تكون الرعية مدينة أو قرية أو حي أو مجتمع. ويعيش حوالي 35% من السكان الإنجليز في أبرشيات مدنية. وبلغ عدد الأبرشيات في إنجلترا 10479، وذلك حسب إحصائيات 31 ديسمبر 2010.

Source: أبرشية مدنية

Czech Obec (Anglie)

Obce (obecně města a vesnice) jsou v Anglii důležitou nejnižší jednotkou místní samosprávy působící v rámci nadřízených hrabství a distriktů. V Anglii se tyto celky označují termínem, jenž lze doslovně přeložit jako občanská farnost (civil parish).

Source: Obec (Anglie)

German Civil Parish

Civil Parishes (englisch „Gemeinden“) sind die untersten kommunalen Verwaltungseinheiten im Vereinigten Königreich, die in Großbritannien heutzutage allerdings nicht mehr die Bedeutung einer Gemeinde in Deutschland haben, sondern wie die Grafschaften in die „einheitliche Verwaltungsbehörde“ (Unitary Authority) bzw. Non-Metropolitan Counties und Districts aufgegangen sind. Sie haben ihren Ursprung von den Kirchengemeinden aus der Zeit vor der Säkularisierung, deren Grenzen haben sich durch Gebietsreformen im Laufe der Zeit jedoch stark verschoben. In der Republik Irland und in Nordirland werden die Civil Parishes noch weiter in Townlands untergliedert, z. B. Rathlin.

In England und Wales gibt es (gewöhnlich innerhalb von großen Städten) noch sogenannte unparished areas, also Gebiete, die nicht einem Civil Parish angehören und keine eigene Verwaltungseinheit bilden, z. B. Lundy. Civil Parishes in Irland haben keine administrative Funktion und dienen lediglich als Kataster-Einheiten, ebenso wie die Townlands auf der untersten Gliederungsebene.

Source: Civil Parish

Spanish Parroquia civil (Inglaterra)

La parroquia civil en Inglaterra (en inglés, civil parish) es una división territorial subnacional vigente en Reino Unido, concretamente en Inglaterra y posteriormente también en Gales, Escocia e Irlanda. El equivalente en los países latinos son las entidades locales menores o municipios.

Source: Parroquia civil (Inglaterra)

Finnish Englannin kunnat

Englannin kunnat (civil parish tai vain parish) ovat Englannin alueellisen hallinnon yksiköitä, joilla on hoidettavinaan tiettyjä kunnallisia tehtäviä. Vuoden 2015 lopussa kuntia oli 10 449; Englantiin kuuluu kuitenkin myös alueita, jotka eivät muodosta kuntaa (non-civil parish areas tai unparished areas).

Source: Englannin kunnat

French Paroisse civile (Royaume-Uni)

La paroisse civile (anglais : Civil parish) constitue la subdivision territoriale de base de l'Angleterre et de l'Écosse, au Royaume-Uni.

Source: Paroisse civile (Royaume-Uni)

Italian Parrocchie civili dell'Inghilterra

La parrocchia civile è il più basso ente amministrativo inglese, corrispondente, dal punto di vista comparativo strettamente territoriale, ai comuni nel resto dell'Europa continentale, anche se amministrativamente hanno un peso del tutto marginale dato che in Inghilterra le funzioni municipali sono esercitate sostanzialmente dai distretti.

Le parrocchie non sono neppure un compartimento obbligatorio. Se la larghissima maggioranza del territorio inglese è incluso in una parrocchia, non così la popolazione, dato che le grandi aree urbane non prevedono questo ente locale, facendo sì che solo un terzo degli inglesi abiti in una parrocchia. Weston-super-Mare è la parrocchia con il maggior numero di residenti. Di contro, alcune parrocchie sono disabitate e sono state mantenute solo per motivi patriottici, i loro abitanti essendo fuggiti o periti per bombardamenti nazisti durante la guerra. Nel complesso, le parrocchie sono circa diecimila.

Le parrocchie sono generalmente rette da un consiglio, ma le più piccole si reggono semplicemente sulla democrazia diretta dei pochi residenti. Oltre una certa soglia, le parrocchie possono ricevere il titolo di town, paese, dalle superiori autorità locali, mentre più sopra è il monarca a rilasciare eventualmente il titolo di città, che dà diritto ad avere un sindaco.

Le poche funzioni delle parrocchie sono delegate dagli enti superiori, e sono variabili a seconda dei casi. Se le città hanno poteri e risorse quasi municipali, le parrocchie più piccole gestiscono qualche struttura come i parchi pubblici, talvolta le biblioteche o la raccolta dei rifiuti o l’illuminazione stradale.

Source: Parrocchie civili dell'Inghilterra

Dutch Civil parish

Civil parish (‘burgerlijke parochie’) of kortweg parish is het laagste bestuurlijke niveau in Engeland. Ook een aantal voormalige Britse koloniën kreeg in de koloniale tijd civil parishes en in sommige van deze landen bestaat dit systeem nog steeds.

Source: Civil parish

Polish Civil parish

Civil parish (w dosłownym tłumaczeniu „parafia cywilna”) – jednostka samorządu terytorialnego najniższego szczebla, występująca na dużej części (lecz nie całości) obszaru Anglii, podobna charakterem do polskiej jednostki pomocniczej gminy.

Source: Civil parish

Portuguese Paróquias civis na Inglaterra

Em Inglaterra, uma paróquia civil é uma designação territorial que representa o nível mais baixo do governo local abaixo dos distritos e condados, ou a sua forma combinada, as autoridades unitárias. É uma paróquia administrativa, em contraste com uma paróquia eclesiástica.

Uma paróquia civil poder ter uma dimensão que varia entre uma grande cidade com cerca de 80 000 habitantes, até uma pequena aldeia com menos de cem pessoas. Num número limitado de casos, uma paróquia pode incluir uma cidade cujo estatuto tenha sido dado pelo monarca. Assim, uma paróquia civil pode ser designada por cidade, aldeia, vizinhança ou comunidade através de resolução do seu conselho paroquial. Cerca de 35% da população inglesa vive numa paróquia civil. A 31 de Dezembro de 2010 , existiam 10 479 paróquias em Inglaterra.Em 1 de Abril de 2014, Queen's Park tornou-se a primeira paróquia civil da Grande Londres. Antes de 2008, não era permitida dentro de um borough de Londres.

Source: Paróquias civis na Inglaterra

Russian Община (Англия)

Община (англ. Civil parish, букв. «административный приход») — составляет самый низший уровень административного деления Англии. По данным на декабрь 2009 года в Англии существовало 10473 общины и их число постепенно увеличивается.

На общины поделена значительная часть районов и унитарных образований Англии. Однако при этом общины охватывают лишь 35 % населения, из-за того что большая часть городов (где сосредоточено большинство населения Англии) не имеет общинного деления. В частности ни одной общины нет в Большом Лондоне, хотя с 2008 года такая возможность официально существует.

По решению общинного совета община может именоваться town (город), village (деревня), neighbourhood (округа, квартал) или community (община). Кроме того, несколько общин имеют статус большого города (сити, city), дарованный королём Великобритании.

Source: Община (Англия)

Swedish Civil parish

Civil parish (ofta bara kallat parish) är en typ av administrativ enhet i delar av England med begränsade kommunala funktioner. Där de förekommer är civil parishes den lägsta administrativa nivån. De administrativa funktionerna sköts av ett parish council, som kan kallas town council eller city council om det är en civil parish med stadsrättigheter. I Wales är motsvarigheten communities respektive community councils. Skottland har också community councils, men dessa har inte samma rättigheter som i England och Wales. I Irland och Nordirland har indelningen i civil parishes aldrig formellt avskaffats men tappat nästan all betydelse.

Det fanns 10 449 civil parishes i England den 31 december 2015, med cirka 40 procent av befolkningen.Civil parishes förekommer normalt inte i större städer utan dessa är så kallade unparished areas.

Source: Civil parish

Chenese 民政教區

民政教區(英語:Civil parish)是英格蘭地方最小的行政單位,共計有10449個(2015年12月31統計),地方政府代表為教區議會 ,在蘇格蘭和威爾斯有相當的「社區委員會」,但是沒有類似的職權。在大倫敦的倫敦自治市並沒有設立民政教區與相關理事會代表。

民政教區的規模差異很大,有許多是人口不及100人的小村莊,而一些較大的教區,人口規模可達數萬人,譬如︰位於薩默塞特郡境內的滨海韋斯頓,其人口就達到71,758人,是英國最大的民政教區。也有些民政教區是由若干小村莊構成的類似情況。

民政教區也可以獲得城市地位,但其前提為必須是皇家所授予的,目前英格蘭有7個民政教區擁有城市地位:奇切斯特、伊利、赫里福德、利奇菲爾德、里彭、特魯羅和韋爾斯。

2008年之前倫敦自治市內不允許存在民政教區。該規定修改後,2014年4月1日女王公園成為大倫敦的第一個民政教區。

Source: 民政教區

Referenced from

instance ofGreyfriars Kirk
instance ofKemble
subclass ofcivil parish with city status
subclass ofsuccessor parish
instance ofSteventon
instance ofWothorpe
instance ofWellington
instance ofChichester
instance ofTreverbyn
instance ofSt Giles' Cathedral
instance ofDiss
instance ofGoathland
instance ofMinehead
instance ofHolt
instance ofLichfield
instance ofEly
instance ofNewcastle upon Tyne
instance ofAcle
instance ofSt Michael
instance ofWimborne Minster
instance ofRipon
instance ofSt Michael's Mount
instance ofChiddingstone
instance ofLanhydrock
instance ofHereford
instance ofTruro
instance ofSalisbury
instance ofDale Abbey
instance ofWells
instance ofWeston-under-Lizard
instance ofGlasgow Cathedral
instance ofSaxmundham
instance ofNorth Walsham
instance ofArundel
instance ofWitham
instance ofLittlehampton
instance ofBroadway
instance ofNeedham Market
instance ofHaywards Heath
instance ofChesham
instance ofNewbury
instance ofLowestoft
instance ofHarwich
instance ofFelixstowe
instance ofTotnes
instance ofThatcham
instance ofLostwithiel
instance ofBury St Edmunds
instance ofMarks Tey
instance ofBanbury
instance ofBeccles
instance ofKidderminster
instance ofWickham Market
instance ofBrandon
instance ofStowmarket
instance ofCholsey
instance ofHanborough
instance ofAttleborough
instance ofDarsham
instance ofWivenhoe
instance ofThetford
instance ofSheringham
instance ofLaunceston
instance ofDereham
instance ofApethorpe
instance ofCosgrove
instance ofNether Heyford
instance ofAmesbury
instance ofBrighstone
instance ofLympstone
instance ofCressing
instance ofKnebworth
instance ofAlresford
instance ofChartham
instance ofWivelsfield
instance ofWhite Notley
instance ofBalcombe
instance ofIngatestone
instance ofKelvedon
instance ofTopsham
instance ofHatfield Peverel
instance ofRadley
instance ofWrabness
instance ofTackley
instance ofElmswell
instance ofSturry
instance ofManningtree
instance ofKennett
instance ofThurston
instance ofStratford-upon-Avon
instance ofFolkestone
instance ofGlastonbury
instance ofFalmouth
instance ofSt Ives
instance ofChristchurch
instance ofDartmouth
instance ofBishop's Stortford
instance ofMarlborough
instance ofRamsgate
instance ofAndover
af Civil parishar أبرشية مدنيةast Parroquiaaz İngiltərədə icmabe-tarask воласьць Ангельшчыныbr Parrezioù keodedel Bro-Saozca parròquia civil d'Anglaterracs obec (civil parish)cy plwyf sifilde Civil Parish in Englandel πολιτική ενορίαes parroquia civil de Inglaterraeu parrokia zibilfa بلوک شهریfr paroisse civilega paróiste sibhialtagl parroquia civil en Inglaterrahe קהילהid Paroki sipilit parrocchia civile dell'Inghilterraja シヴィル・パリッシュka ინგლისის თემიkw pluw civillb Zivil Par an Englandmk општина во Англијаnan Bîn-chèng kàu-khunb verdslig sognoc Parròquia civila (Reialme Unit)pnb شہری پیرشpt paróquia civilpt-br Paróquias civis na Inglaterraru община Англииsco ceevil parishsr цивилна парохијаtr ingiliz semt/köyuk громада Англіїur شہری پیرشvi vls Civil parishzh 民政教區zh-hant 民政教區
Wikidata Updated: Fri Jul 23 2021 06:56:32