St Giles' Cathedral

File:Edinburgh - St Giles' Cathedral - 20160122175737.jpgFile:St Giles eagle 02.jpgFile:St Giles'Cathedral Edinburgh.jpgFile:St Giles eagle 03.jpg

Church of Scotland cathedral in Edinburgh, Scotland

Wikimedia Commons
Wikimedia Commons category: St. Giles' Cathedral

Geographical coordinates: 55.949444444444445 -3.1908333333333334

Wikipedia

English St Giles' Cathedral

St Giles' Cathedral (Scottish Gaelic: Cathair-eaglais Naomh Giles), or the High Kirk of Edinburgh, is a parish church of the Church of Scotland in the Old Town of Edinburgh. The current building was begun in the 14th century and extended until the early 16th century; significant alterations were undertaken in the 19th and 20th centuries, including the addition of the Thistle Chapel. St Giles' is closely associated with many events and figures in Scottish history, including John Knox, who served as the church's minister after the Scottish Reformation.Likely founded in the 12th century and dedicated to Saint Giles, the church was elevated to collegiate status by Pope Paul II in 1467. In 1559, the church became Protestant with John Knox, the foremost figure of the Scottish Reformation, as its minister. After the Reformation, St Giles' was internally partitioned to serve multiple congregations as well as secular purposes, such as a prison and as a meeting place for the Parliament of Scotland. In 1633, Charles I made St Giles' the cathedral of the newly created Diocese of Edinburgh. Charles' attempt to impose a Scottish Prayer Book in St Giles' on 23 July 1637 caused a riot, which precipitated the formation of the Covenanters and the beginnings of the Wars of the Three Kingdoms. The church's role in the Scottish Reformation and the Covenanters' Rebellion has led to its being called "the Mother Church of World Presbyterianism".St Giles' is one of Scotland's most important medieval parish church buildings. The first church of St Giles' was a small, Romanesque building of which only fragments remain. In the 14th century, this was replaced by the current building, which was enlarged between the late 14th and early 16th centuries. The church was altered between 1829 and 1833 by William Burn and restored between 1872 and 1883 by William Hay with the support of William Chambers. Chambers hoped to make St Giles' a "Westminster Abbey for Scotland" by enriching the church and adding memorials to notable Scots. Between 1909 and 1911, the Thistle Chapel, designed by Robert Lorimer, was added to the church.Since the medieval period, St Giles' has been the site of nationally important events and services; the services of the Order of the Thistle take place here. Alongside housing an active congregation, the church is one of Scotland's most popular visitor sites: it attracted over a million visitors in 2018.

Source: St Giles' Cathedral

Bulgarian Сейнт Джайлс

„Сейнт Джайлс“ или „Свети Егидий“ (на английски: St Giles' Cathedral) е съборна катедрална сграда в Единбург.

Принадлежи на шотландската презвитерианска църква. Около 900 години храмът е бил религиозен център на Единбург и в днешно време е център на презвитерианството.

Намира се в самия център на града и е отправна точка на много туристически маршрути.

Source: Сейнт Джайлс

German St Giles’ Cathedral

Die einstige Kathedrale St Giles’ Cathedral, auch High Kirk of Edinburgh, ist die Hauptkirche der Church of Scotland und eine der bedeutendsten Sehenswürdigkeiten der Stadt Edinburgh in Schottland. Sie befindet sich an der als Royal Mile bekannten Hauptachse der Altstadt rund 500 Meter östlich vom Edinburgh Castle.

Source: St Giles’ Cathedral

Spanish Catedral de Edimburgo

Plantilla:De templo

La catedral de Saint Giles, en español catedral de San Gil[1]​ o San Egidio (o Saint Giles' Cathedral en inglés), es un edificio religioso histórico, construido a partir del siglo XII, emblemático de la ciudad de Edimburgo (Escocia).[2]​

El edificio es más comúnmente llamado High Kirk of Edinburgh (Gran Iglesia de Edimburgo). Su elemento más característico es su cúpula en forma de corona real. Es una de las dos parroquias de la Ciudad vieja de Edimburgo y está considerada como la iglesia madre del presbiterianismo[3]​ y de la Iglesia de Escocia. No tiene oficialmente el título de catedral por la ausencia de éstas en la Iglesia de Escocia, aunque tuvo ese título en el pasado.

La iglesia actual data de finales del siglo XIV, siendo posteriormente restaurada en el siglo XIX. Tiene la categoría A de edificio protegido. La catedral está dedicada a San Giles, que es el santo patrono de Edimburgo y un santo muy popular en la Edad Media, patrono también de los tullidos y leprosos.

Source: Catedral de Edimburgo

Finnish St Gilesin katedraali

St Gilesin katedraali eli High Kirk of Edinburgh on Skotlannin kirkkoon kuuluva maailman presbyteriaanien pääkirkko Edinburghin vanhassa kaupungissa Royal Milen varrella. Katedraali-nimitys on tässä tapauksessa arvonimen kaltainen, sillä presbyteriaanisella kirkolla ei ole piispanistuimia eli katedroja.

Skotlannin kuningas David I perusti kirkon vuonna 1124. Englantilaiset tuhosivat kirkkoa kahteen otteeseen vuosina 1322 ja 1385. Uskonpuhdistuksen aikana John Knox saarnasi siellä, ja Skotlannin parlamentti julisti maan protestanttiseksi. Katedraalia restauroitiin 1870-luvulla, jolloin sinne tuotiin ensimmäistä kertaa uskonpuhdistuksen jälkeen urut ja ikkunoihin laitettiin lasimaalauksia. Nykyiset Rieger Orgelbaun valmistamat urut ovat vuodelta 1992.Katedraalin torni on Edinburghin tunnetuimpia maamerkkejä, ja kirkko on suosittu turistinähtävyys. Siellä vierailee yli miljoona turistia vuodessa.

Source: St Gilesin katedraali

French Cathédrale Saint-Gilles d'Édimbourg

La cathédrale Saint-Gilles (en anglais : St. Giles' Cathedral) est un édifice construit à partir du XIIe siècle situé sur le Royal Mile, à Édimbourg, en Écosse. Il est considéré comme l'église-mère du presbytérianisme.

Source: Cathédrale Saint-Gilles d'Édimbourg

Italian Cattedrale di Sant'Egidio

La cattedrale di Sant'Egidio (in inglese St. Giles' Cathedral o High Kirk of Edinburgh) è il principale luogo di culto della Chiesa di Scozia a Edimburgo, situato al centro del Royal Mile. Talvolta è indicata come chiesa madre del presbiterianesimo, che si distingue in quanto non possiede vescovi, rendendo la chiesa non una cattedrale in senso stretto, ma una parrocchiale per parte della città vecchia di Edimburgo.

Il luogo di culto è stato un punto di riferimento per la città per oltre 900 anni, sebbene sia stata realmente sede vescovile per due periodi nel XVII secolo (1635–38 e 1661–1689), quando l'episcopalianesimo ottenne, grazie all'appoggio della Corona, importanza all'interno della Chiesa scozzese (vedi Guerre dei Vescovi). Prima della Riforma la città di Edimburgo non aveva avuto una cattedrale, essendo compreso dell'arcidiocesi di St Andrews.

Source: Cattedrale di Sant'Egidio

Japanese セント・ジャイルズ大聖堂

セント・ジャイルズ大聖堂(St. Giles' Cathedral)は、スコットランド、エディンバラにあるスコットランド国教会の大聖堂。別名をエディンバラ高教会(High Kirk of Edinburgh)といい、ロイヤル・マイルの中間にある、非常に目を引く冠塔で飾られた建物である。大聖堂はおよそ900年間、エディンバラにおける宗教の中心であり、時には長老派教会の母教会とみなされている。

Source: セント・ジャイルズ大聖堂

Dutch St Giles' Cathedral

St Giles' Cathedral, ook bekend als St Giles High Kirk, is een voormalige kathedraal, gelegen in Edinburgh, Schotland. De kathedraal werd in de twaalfde eeuw gebouwd als parochiekerk en is sindsdien meermalen verbouwd. De laatste grote wijzigingen dateren uit de negentiende eeuw. Het exterieur is laat-georgiaans en het interieur is victoriaans. De kathedraal is tegenwoordig in gebruik als parochiekerk van de Kerk van Schotland.

Source: St Giles' Cathedral

Polish Katedra św. Idziego w Edynburgu

Katedra Świętego Idziego (ang. St Giles' Cathedral) – główny obiekt sakralny Kościoła Szkocji w Edynburgu. Mieści się przy ulicy High Street i placu Parliament Square.

Kościół został wzniesiony w latach 1385-1410, ale posiada także wcześniejsze elementy oraz późniejsze znaczne zmiany i uzupełnienia, obejmujące oblicowanie ścian zewnętrznych gładkim murem ciosowym przez Williama Burna i dobudowę kaplicy Ostu przez Roberta Lorimera w 1910 roku. Wyjątkowa szkocka budowla kościelna, zbudowana w monumentalnej skali i zdominowana przez charakterystyczny obiekt – wieżę zwieńczoną iglicą podpartą przez 8 łęków oporowych. Gruzy wcześniejszej budowli obudowane późnogotyckimi ścianami zewnętrznymi, charakteryzującymi się spiczastołukowymi oknami z płynącymi maswerkami; narożne kamienne czubowe i żabkowane szczyty; sklepienia obejmujące całkowicie narożne kąty. Przy katedrze znajduje się Thistle Chapel z 1911 r.

Source: Katedra św. Idziego w Edynburgu

Portuguese Catedral de Santo Egídio

A Catedral de Santo Egídio (em inglês:St. Giles' Cathedral) ou Alto Kirk de Edimburgo é uma catedral da Igreja da Escócia dedicada a Santo Egídio, santo padroeiro da cidade. Localizada na Milha Real de Edimburgo, a Catedral de Santo Egídio tem sido local de culto cristão por mais de 900 anos, sendo considerada a Igreja Matriz do Presbiterianismo.A Catedral de Santo Egídio foi sede de um bispo por pelo menos dois períodos do século XVII: de 1636 a 1638 e de 1661 a 1689, quando os bispos apoiados pela Coroa escocesa ganharam poder no Kirk. Durante a maior parte da história pós-reforma, a Igreja da Escócia não tem tido bispos, dioceses ou catedrais, mas mesmo assim o termo 'Catedral' ainda é utilizado.

Santo Egídio é a sede episcopal da cidade de Edimburgo. Cinco serviços são realizados todos os domingos, bem como serviços diários e os serviços especiais para o estado e as ocasiões cívicas. O actual Ministro (desde 1973) de St. Giles' é o Reverendo Dr. Gilleasbuig Macmillan.

Source: Catedral de Santo Egídio

Romanian Catedrala Sfântul Egidiu din Edinburgh

Catedrala Sfântul Egidiu (în engleză St Giles’ Cathedral) este un monument istoric și de arhitectură din Edinburgh. În secolul al XVI-lea, în urma învățăturii lui John Knox și a rupturii cu Roma, edificiul a devenit catedrală a Bisericii Naționale Scoțiene.

Source: Catedrala Sfântul Egidiu din Edinburgh

Russian Эдинбургский собор

Собор Святого Эгидия (англ. St Giles' Cathedral, Сент-Джайлс) — церковь в Эдинбурге; принадлежит Шотландской пресвитерианской церкви. Находится в центре Королевской мили и является украшением данного маршрута. В течение 900 лет храм был центром религиозной жизни Эдинбурга и до сих пор рассматривается как главный центр пресвитерианства.

Source: Эдинбургский собор

Chenese 圣吉尔斯大教堂

圣吉尔斯大教堂(St. Giles' Cathedral)是一个蘇格蘭教會礼拜场所,位于苏格兰爱丁堡老城皇家一英里的中点,其独特的苏格兰王冠尖顶构成爱丁堡天际线的突出特点。这座教堂作为爱丁堡的宗教枢纽已经有900年的时间,今天,它有时被看作是全世界长老会的母会。

在正式意义上,圣吉尔斯大教堂作为主教座堂,只是在17世纪两个很短的阶段(1635年至1638年和1661年至1689年),当时主教制得到王室支持,曾在苏格兰教会短暂地占据优势。在苏格兰宗教改革以前,爱丁堡没有主教座堂,因为爱丁堡属于圣安德鲁教区,主教座堂设在圣安德鲁斯。改教以后的大部分时间,苏格兰教会没有主教、教区以及主教座堂。因此,名称中的“Cathedral”并没有实际意义。它是苏格兰教会在爱丁堡老城的堂会,每个主日举行五场礼拜。

Source: 圣吉尔斯大教堂

Wikivoyage

English St Giles' Cathedral

The historic City Church of Edinburgh is also known as the High Kirk of Edinburgh and takes its name from the city's patron saint. St Giles' is Presbyterianism's Mother Church and contains the Chapel of the Order of the Thistle (Scotland's chivalric company of knights headed by the Queen). The building bears a distinctive crowned spire and was first officially dedicated in 1243, although a church probably existed on the site since before the 9th century.

Address The Royal Mile
Price Free

Italian St Giles Cathedral

Eretta nel 1120, la cattedrale ha un aspetto severo all'esterno e leggiadro all'interno. Notevole la Thistle Chapel con vetrate decorate con stemmi.

Directions a metà strada sul Royal Mile tra il Castello e il Parlamento
Price gratuito, biglietto necessario per scattare fotografie
arz كاتدرائيه سانت جايلزba Эдинбург соборыbe Сэнт-Джайлсbg Сейнт Джайлсca Catedral d'Edimburgde St Giles’ Cathedraleo Katedralo de Edinburgoes Catedral de Saint Gileseu San Giles katedralafa کلیسای جامع سنت جایلزfi St Gilesin katedraalifr cathédrale Saint-Gilles d'Édimbourggd Cathar-eaglais Naomh Gileshe קתדרלת סנט גיילסit cattedrale di Sant'Egidioja セント・ジャイルズ大聖堂pl Katedra św. Idziego w Edynburgupt Catedral de Santo Egídioro Catedrala Sfântul Egidiu din Edinburghru Эдинбургский соборsh Katedrala sv. Gilesazh 圣吉尔斯大教堂zh-hans 圣吉尔斯大教堂zh-hant 聖吉爾斯大教堂zh-hk 聖吉爾斯大教堂
Image source:
Wikimedia Commons CC BY-SA 4.0 by LornaMCampbellWikimedia Commons CC BY-SA 4.0 by Steven pennyWikimedia Commons CC BY-SA 4.0 by Eléonore GaudryWikimedia Commons CC BY-SA 4.0 by Steven penny
Wikidata Updated: Fri Jul 23 2021 11:01:42