Saint Andrew's Cathedral

File:Spb 06-2012 AndrewCathedral.jpg

cathedral

Wikimedia Commons
Wikimedia Commons category: Saint Andrew's cathedral (Saint Petersburg)

Geographical coordinates: 59.939722222222 30.283055555556

Wikipedia

English Saint Andrew's Cathedral (Saint Petersburg)

Saint Andrew's Cathedral (Russian: Андреевский собор) was the last Baroque cathedral built in Saint Petersburg, Russia.

The cathedral was conceived at the time of Peter the Great as the chapter church of Russia's first chivalric order, that of Saint Andrew. The most famous architect of the Nordic countries, Nicodemus Tessin the Younger, was called upon to design a church resembling Saint Peter's Basilica in Rome and exceeding 430 feet in length.

By the time Tessin submitted his designs, the tsar had died and the costly project was suspended. Two years later, Giuseppe Trezzini, a city architect to St. Petersburg, had the territory behind the building of the Twelve Colleges cleared from wood and built a modest timber church, which was consecrated by Feofan Prokopovich in the name of Saint Andrew on 8 October 1732. It was an austerely rational structure with few stylistic pretensions. Empress Anna donated furnishings to the church, while the icon screen required by Orthodox usage was taken from a chapel of the neighbouring Menshikov Palace.

As the timber church was found too small to house its increasing congregation, Trezzini designed a stone church, which was founded on 2 July 1740 in the proximity of the timber cathedral. The shell of the church was erected within five years, but decoration works prevented its consecration until 1760. It was here that Mikhail Lomonosov and Vasily Trediakovsky were sworn in as professors of the Imperial Academy of Sciences on 30 July 1745. The structure, dedicated in the name of Three Holy Men, still stands.

On 4 July 1761 the wooden cathedral was struck by lightning and burnt to the ground. The architect Alexander Whist (1722-94) was charged with the task of designing a new cathedral of stone. Though founded on 18 July 1764, the church took 22 years to complete. A delay was due to the collapse of its cupola on 6 August 1766, a disaster which led to the architect being taken into custody. It was not until 21 March 1780 that the five-domed pastel pink cathedral was consecrated.

The decoration of the cathedral is restrained (picture), although Emperor Paul, in reasserting its importance as the chapter church of the oldest Russian order of knighthood, had the entrance decorated with a relief representing the order carried by two angels. A special place was reserved in the cathedral for the tsar until 1813.

The pyramidal bell-tower, attached to the church by a refectory, was built in two tiers in 1784-86 and formerly boasted ten bells, the largest of which weighed in excess of four tons. The top of the belfry was remodeled in 1850. Seven years later, the cathedral interior was renovated and the 18th-century icon screen augmented. Furthermore, when the first permanent bridge across the Neva was built in the 1850s, a chapel on the bridge became affiliated with the cathedral.

After the Russian Revolution of 1917, the Bolsheviks confiscated many valuables from the church. On 24 April 1924 a crowd of several hundred worshipers attempted to defend the icons and clashed with the members of the "expropriation committee". As a consequence of the disorders, the cathedral was given over to the renovationists, a state-sponsored sect which sought to reconcile the ideals of Christianity and Communism.

On 16 May 1938 the cathedral was closed down, its priests arrested and the bells destroyed. However, the impressive baroque iconostasis was restored, while a 17th-century icon with the portraits of Patriarch Nikon and Tsar Alexis was taken to the Russian Museum. During the Siege of Leningrad, the dome was equipped with cannons which helped protect the area from intensive bombing.

In 1992 the cathedral of St. Andrew and the church of Three Holy Men were returned to the Russian Orthodox Church. In 2001, an obelisk was unveiled in front of the church to commemorate the tercentenary of the restored Order of St. Andrew.

Source: Saint Andrew's Cathedral (Saint Petersburg)

Arabic كاتدرائية سانت أندرو (سانت بطرسبرغ)

كاتدرائية سانت أندرو ( (بالروسية: Андреевский собор)‏ كانت آخر كاتدرائية باروكية بنيت في سانت بطرسبرغ ، روسيا .بنیت الكاتدرائية في زمن بطرس الأكبر كنيسة روسية تسمى كنيسة القديس أندرو. تم استدعاء المهندس المعماري الأكثر شهرة في بلدان الشمال الأوروبي، نيقوديموس تيسين الأصغر، لتصميم كنيسة تشبه كنيسة كاتدرائية القديس بطرس في روما وتتجاوز طولها 430 قدمًا.

قدم تسن تصاميمه عندما مات القيصر وتم تعليق المشروع المكلف. بعد ذلك بعامين، بنى جوزيبي تيرزيني، وهو مهندس معماري حضري في سانت بطرسبرغ، كنيسة خشبية صغيرة خلف الكليات الإثني عشر، والتي كرستها سانت أندرو في 8 أكتوبر 1732 بواسطة فوفان بروكوبوفيتش. كانت بنية عقلانية تقشفية مع القليل من الذرائع الأسلوبية. تبرعت الملكة آنا بأثاث للكنيسة، في حين تم أخذ عرض أيقونة الأرثوذكسية من كنيسة قصر مينشيكوف المجاور.

منذ العثور على كنيسة خشبية صغيرة جدًا للعثور على مجتمعات متنامية، فقد صممت تريزيني كنيسة حجرية، تأسست في 2 يوليو 1740 بالقرب من الكاتدرائية الخشبية. تم بناء قشرة الكنيسة في غضون خمس سنوات، لكن أعمال الديكور حالت دون تكريسها حتى عام 1760. كان هنا أن أدى ميخائيل لومونوسوف وفاسيلي تريدياكوفسكي اليمين الدستورية كأستاذين في الأكاديمية الإمبراطورية للعلوم في 30 يوليو 1745. المعبد الذي تم تحديده على أنه "الرجال الثلاثة القدامى"، لا يزال قائما.

Source: كاتدرائية سانت أندرو (سانت بطرسبرغ)

Czech Chrám svatého Ondřeje (Petrohrad)

Chrám svatého Andreje (rusky Андреевский собор) je chrám ruské pravoslavné církve na Vasiljevském ostrově v Petrohradě. Patří mezi skvosty ruské sakrální architektury 18. století.

Source: Chrám svatého Ondřeje (Petrohrad)

Georgian სანქტ-პეტერბურგის ანდრია პირველწოდებულის ტაძარი

სანქტ-პეტერბურგის ანდრია პირველწოდებულის ტაძარი (რუს. Собор Святого Апостола Андрея Первозванного) — მართლმადიდებლური ტაძარი სანქტ-პეტერბურგში. აგებულია XVIII საუკუნეში. მისი სახელწოდებიდან მომდინარეობს ახლომდებარე ანდრეევსკის ბაზრობის სახელწოდება.

ტაძრის მთავარი საკურთხეველი ნაკურთხია ანდრია პირველწოდებულის სახელზე, ხოლო ეგვტერები ღვთისმშობლის მიძინებისა და ნიკოლოზ საკვირველთმოქმედის სახელზე.

ეკლესია მიეკუთვნება რუსეთის მართლმადიდებელი ეკლესიის მოსკოვის საპატრიარქოს სანქტ-პეტერბურგის ეპარქიას.

Source: სანქტ-პეტერბურგის ანდრია პირველწოდებულის ტაძარი

Dutch Andreaskathedraal (Sint-Petersburg)

De Kathedraal van de Heilige Andreas (Russisch: собор святого апостола Андрея Первозванного) is een Russisch-orthodoxe kathedraal op het Vasiljevski-eiland in Sint-Petersburg. De kathedraal is de laatste barokke kathedraal die gebouwd werd in de stad.

Source: Andreaskathedraal (Sint-Petersburg)

Russian Андреевский собор (Санкт-Петербург)

Андре́евский собо́р (официальное название — Собор Святого Апостола Андрея Первозванного) — православный собор на Васильевском острове в Санкт-Петербурге, стоящий на пересечении Большого проспекта и 6-й линии, памятник архитектуры XVIII века. От Андреевского собора происходит название расположенного рядом Андреевского рынка. Являлся капитульным храмом ордена Святого Андрея Первозванного.

Храм относится к Санкт-Петербургской епархии Русской православной церкви, входит в состав Василеостровского благочиннического округа. Настоятель — протоиерей Михаил Мокрополов.

Source: Андреевский собор (Санкт-Петербург)

Slovak Chrám svätého Andreja

Chrám svätého Andreja (rus. Андреевский собор) je to chrám ruskej pravoslávnej cirkvi na Vasilievskom ostrove v Petrohrade. Patrí medzi skvosty ruskej sakrálnej architektúry 18. storočia.

Source: Chrám svätého Andreja

German translation from Russian

Die Andreas-Kathedrale (offizieller Name - St.-Andreas-Apostel-Kathedrale) ist eine orthodoxe Kathedrale auf der Wassiljewski-Insel in Sankt Petersburg, die an der Kreuzung der Bolschoi-Allee und der 6. Linie steht, einem Architekturdenkmal aus dem 18. Jahrhundert. Die St.-Andrew's Cathedral leitet den Namen St. Andrew's Market in der Nähe von St. Andrew's ab. Es war ein kapitularer Tempel des Ordens des Heiligen Andreas des Unberührten.

Die Kirche gehört zur Sankt Petersburger Diözese der Russisch-Orthodoxen Kirche und ist Teil des Dekanats-Bezirks Vasileostrovsky. Rektor ist Erzpriester Michail Mokropolov.

Source: Андреевский собор (Санкт-Петербург)

Wikivoyage

Russian Андреевский собор

Один из самых красивых храмов Васильевского острова, построенный в 1764—1780 годах по проекту архитектора Александра Виста (возможно, Алексея Иванова). Собор имеет главный купол, обрамлённый четырьмя главками, и двухъярусную колокольню. Внутри собора находится резной вызолоченный трёхъярусный иконостас XVIII века высотой 17 метров. В 1992 году собор был возвращён Санкт-Петербургской епархии вместе с соседней церковью Трёх святителей.

Address 6 линия В.О., 11
Typesee
Last Edit2017-05-07

Italian Cattedrale di Sant'Andrea

Fu l'ultimo edificio in stile barocco ad essere costruito a San Pietroburgo. Essa fu concepita come chiesa dell'ordine cavalleresco di Sant'Andrea ma il suo progetto, elaborato da Nicodemus Tessin il giovane, non fu realizzato a causa della morte dello zar Pietro il Grande che l'aveva commissionata. Nel 1732 l'architetto Giuseppe Trezzini costruì una ben più modesta chiesa in legno impreziosita da una iconostasi sottratta alla cappella del vicino palazzo Menshicov. Il 2 luglio 1760 fu inaugurata a fianco della precedente una nuova chiesa in pietra, sempre su disegno del Trezzini e dedicata ai santi Basilio, Giovanni Crisostomo e Gregorio di Nazianzio. Un anno più tardi la chiesa in legno fu distrutta da un incendio e l'architetto Alexander Whist fu incaricato di ricostruirla in pietra ma il crollo della cupola ne ritardò l'inaugurazione, avvenuta il 21 marzo 1780. Nei giorni della rivoluzione di ottobre la chiesa fu depredata dei suoi arredi e in epoca stalinista (1938) fu chiusa al culto e i suoi prelati arrestati. Nel 1992 fu restituita al patriarcato russo. Nel 2001 fu innalzato un obelisco per commemorare il tricentenario del restaurato ordine di Sant'Andrea.

ar كاتدرائية سانت أندروarz كاتدرائية سانت اندروcs Chrám svatého Ondřejefa کلیسای جامع سنت آندروfr cathédrale Saint-André de Saint-Pétersbourgka სანქტ-პეტერბურგის ანდრია პირველწოდებულის ტაძარიmk Црква Свети Андрејnl Andreaskathedraalpt Catedral de Santo André (São Petersburgo)ru Андреевский соборsk Chrám svätého Andreja
Image source:
Wikimedia Commons CC BY-SA 3.0 by A.Savin (Wikimedia Commons · WikiPhotoSpace)
Wikidata Updated: Thu Jul 22 2021 10:03:05