Fortezza Medicea

File:Volterra Fortezza Medicea 001.JPG

Fortified building in Volterra, Italy

Wikimedia Commons
Wikimedia Commons category: Fortezza Medicea (Volterra)

Geographical coordinates: 43.4 10.86416667


English Fortezza Medicea (Volterra)

The Fortezza Medicea (Medici Fortress) of Volterra is built on the highest point of the hill overlooking the town. From the outside it is an imposing structure. It takes the form of two smaller fortresses joined together.

Despite its name, the origins of the fortress predate the ascendancy of the Medicis. The southern part was constructed at the command of the Duke of Athens who had been appointed governor of Florence in 1342.

For more than a century the once friendly relationship between Volterra and Florence became increasingly complicated and at times confrontational: the discovery locally of valuable Alum in the 1470s focused the interest of Florence, and in 1472 7,000 Florentine troops besieged and then sacked the town, after which Florentine control over Volterra and the alum mines was no longer in doubt. The fortress was upgraded by another Florentine ruler, Lorenzo the magnificent who was also responsible for the construction of the adjacent newer fortress in 1474.The two fortresses are linked by a stone “curtain wall”. The fortress is used currently as a maximum security prison and tourist visits to the interior are restricted to a few days and a small portion of the buildings. A notable exception is that part used as a restaurant operated by appropriately supervised prisoners.

Source: Fortezza Medicea (Volterra)

Italian Fortezza Medicea (Volterra)

La Fortezza Medicea di Volterra è stata costruita sul punto più elevato del colle dove sorge la città: dall'esterno si presenta con un aspetto veramente maestoso ed imponente.

La struttura si compone di due corpi uniti tra loro da alte mura difensive: la Rocca Vecchia, detta anche Cassero, fatta edificare nel 1342 dal duca d'Atene Gualtieri VI di Brienne governatore di Firenze e modificata da Lorenzo il Magnifico e la Rocca Nuova, detta Il Mastio, costruita dallo stesso Lorenzo il Magnifico tra il 1472 e il 1474.

Oggi la struttura è usata come prigione di stato di media sicurezza, non accessibile e non visitabile, se non in particolarissimi giorni, non ricorrenti, ed in piccole porzioni.

Source: Fortezza Medicea (Volterra)


Russian Крепость Медичи

Характерное здание занимает вершину холма, на котором стоит Вольтерра. Южная часть крепости, включая башню, была построена в начале 1340-х годов и к Медичи не имела никакого отношения. В 1474 году, когда Вольтерра уже подчинялась Флоренции, герцог Лоренцо Медичи пристроил к имеющимся сооружениям так называемую Новую крепость. В последние несколько столетий крепость использовалась как тюрьма, регулярное её посещение невозможно, хотя иногда проводят экскурсии и даже театральные представления.

Address Rampa di Castello, 4
Last Edit2017-04-27
Image source:
Wikimedia Commons Public domain by Janericloebe
Wikidata Updated: Fri Jul 23 2021 06:53:13