Museum De Cruquius

File:Pumping engine Cruquius.jpg

museum in Cruquius, the Netherlands

Wikimedia Commons
Wikimedia Commons category: Gemaal Cruquius

Geographical coordinates: 52.33801 4.63821

Wikipedia

English Museum De Cruquius

The Museum De Cruquius (or Cruquiusmuseum) occupies the old Cruquius steam pumping station in Cruquius, the Netherlands. It derives its name from Nicolaas Kruik (1678–1754), a Dutch land-surveyor and one of many promoters of a plan to pump the Haarlemmermeer (Haarlem lake) dry. Like many well-educated men of his time, he latinized his name to Nicolaus Samuel Cruquius. During his lifetime the issue of the Haarlem Lake and how to pump it dry was international news, as the following excerpt from the Virginia Gazette on 31 May 1751 illustrates:

"By a private letter from Rotterdam, we are told, that the Dutch Engineers, in their Plan for draining the lake of Haerlem, proposed to employ 150 mills for three Years, and had computed the Expence at a Million and Half of Florins, but that a German, who had been long employed in the Mines of Hungary and Hartz, had proposed to drain it with 50 machines, in 15 months, at a far less Expence; and that he has been ordered to erect one of those Machines, which, if it shall be found to execute what he has asserted, his Proposal will be immediately accepted."Even 50 machines proved too expensive, so it was not until successful experiments with steam pumping stations, such as at nearby Groenendaal park in 1781, that serious plans resulted in three steam-driven pumping stations, including the one at Cruquius. As a tribute to former planners, the pumping stations of the Haarlemmermeer were named after them. The one at the mouth of the Spaarne river, near Heemstede, was called Cruquius. To service the mill, the workers who lived there founded the town of the same name. The dike was built in the 1840s, the pump started work in 1850 and in the three years that had been predicted a century before, the Haarlem lake was pumped dry. The pumping station Cruquius continued to work on and off until 1933, when it was made into a museum. The foreman's house was made into a café which it still is today.

Source: Museum De Cruquius

German Pumpwerk De Cruquius

Das Pumpwerk De Cruquius (niederländisch Gemaal De Cruquius) aus dem Jahr 1849 ist eines von drei historischen Dampfschöpfwerken, mit denen der Haarlemmermeerpolder in der niederländischen Provinz Nordholland trockengelegt wurde. Das Pumpwerk und die Ortschaft, in der es steht, wurden nach Nicolaus Samuelis Cruquius benannt, einem berühmten, niederländischen Wasserbaukundigen. Es war bis 1933 in Betrieb, ab 1934 wurde es als Museum eingerichtet. Das Pumpwerk wurde zum Rijksmonument erklärt.

Die beiden anderen Pumpwerke De Lijnde und De Leeghwater wurden modernisiert.

Source: Pumpwerk De Cruquius

Spanish Museo De Cruquius

El Museo De Cruquius (o Cruquiusmuseum) (nombre original en neerlandés: Gemaal Cruquius) ocupa la antigua estación de bombeo localizada en Cruquius, Holanda, dotada con uno de los primeros motores de vapor en los Países Bajos.

Source: Museo De Cruquius

French Musée De Cruquius

La station de pompage De Cruquius (néerlandais Gemaal De Cruquius) de 1849 est l'une des trois stations de pompage à vapeur ayant servi à pomper le Haarlemmermeer, dans la province néerlandaise de Hollande-Septentrionale.

Source: Musée De Cruquius

Dutch Gemaal De Cruquius

Gemaal De Cruquius uit 1849 is een van de drie gemalen waarmee de Haarlemmermeer tussen 1849 en 1852 is drooggepompt. Het is de grootste stoommachine ter wereld. Het gemaal is daarna nooit gemoderniseerd en in 1933 buiten werking gesteld. Het behoort tot de Top 100 der Nederlandse rijksmonumenten. Het is genoemd naar de Nederlandse waterbouwkundige Nicolaus Samuelis Cruquius, geboren als Nicolaas Kruik in 1678 te West-Vlieland. De imposante combinatie van techniek en architectuur maken dat De Cruquius een industrieel monument van wereldformaat is. Het gemaal heeft op zijn beurt de naam Cruquius gegeven aan het dorp in de nabijheid.

Source: Gemaal De Cruquius

Wikivoyage

Russian Музей де Крюкиус

SourceХарлеммермер (ru.wikivoyage.org)
Typesee
Last Edit2016-02-12

Nearby

Cruquiusdijk228 m
Heemstede2.1 km
Fort Vijfhuizen2.4 km
De Naald2.5 km
Manpadslaan2.7 km
Drinkwatermuseum2.8 km
Heemstede-Aerdenhout railway station3.2 km
Haarlemmerhout3.3 km
Pavillion Welgelegen3.8 km
Dreef3.9 km
de Pumpwerk De Cruquiuses Museo de Cruquiusfr musée De Cruquiusnl Gemaal De Cruquius
Image source:
Wikimedia Commons CC BY-SA 2.5 by Caspar
Wikidata Updated: Fri Jul 23 2021 07:27:00