Drayton Hall

human settlement in South Carolina, United States of America

Wikimedia Commons
Wikimedia Commons category: Drayton Hall

Geographical coordinates: 32.8709 -80.0763


English Drayton Hall

Drayton Hall is an 18th-century plantation located on the Ashley River about 15 miles (24 km) northwest of Charleston, South Carolina, and directly across the Ashley River from North Charleston, west of the Ashley in the Lowcountry, sometimes called (Low Country.) An outstanding example of Palladian architecture in North America and the only plantation house on the Ashley River to survive intact through both the Revolutionary and Civil wars, it is a National Historic Landmark.

The mansion was built for the father of John Drayton, John Drayton Sr. (c. 1715–1779) after he bought the property in 1738. As the third son in his family, he knew he was unlikely to inherit his own nearby birthplace, now called Magnolia Plantation and Gardens.

For many decades, the house was thought to have been begun in 1738 and completed in 1752. In 2014, an examination of wood cores showed that the attic timbers were cut from trees felled in the winter of 1747–48. Because the attic framing would have to have been in place well before the completion of the interior finishes, the house is now thought to have been occupied only in the early 1750s. The seven-bay double-pile plantation house is within a 630-acre (2.5 km2) site that is part of the plantation based on indigo and rice and the former site of 13 slave cabins believed to have housed approx. 78 slaves. Seven generations of Drayton heirs preserved the house in all but original condition, though the flanking outbuildings have not survived: an earthquake destroyed the laundry house in 1886 and a hurricane destroyed the kitchen in 1893. John Drayton bought considerable property nearby from his nephew William Drayton, Sr., after the latter was appointed as chief justice of the Province of East Florida in the early 1770s and was leaving South Carolina. John Drayton consolidated the various Drayton properties, and his descendants have controlled them since.

Source: Drayton Hall

French Drayton Hall

Drayton Hall, près de Charleston en Caroline du Sud, est un exemple caractéristique d’architecture palladienne en Amérique du Nord.

La demeure fut construite pour John Drayton (en). Les travaux commencèrent en 1738 et furent terminée en 1742 en utilisant une main-d’œuvre libre ainsi que des esclaves. La demeure est incluse dans un domaine de 2,5 km2. Drayton Hall est la seule plantation longeant l’Ashley River (en) à être restée intacte à la Révolution américaine ainsi que lors de la guerre de Sécession.

La demeure possède un double portique qui protège du soleil de l’après-midi et offre un espace à vivre plein air l’été. Le plan d’étage est de style palladien. Un escalier central permet d’accéder au hall d’entrée. Deux escaliers symétriques mènent à l’étage noble.

Source: Drayton Hall

Italian Drayton Hall

Drayton Hall è una residenza padronale di piantagione collocata a 24 km da Charleston (Carolina del Sud), nei pressi del fiume Ashley. Essa è un esempio tra i più belli di architettura palladiana in Nord America e unica casa da piantagione presso il fiume Ashley a sopravvivere intatta sia alla Rivoluzione americana, sia alla guerra civile. Attualmente è un National Historic Landmark.

Source: Drayton Hall


Russian Дрейтон-Холл

Плантация XVIII века считается шедевром палладианской архитектуры. Она была построена в начале 1750-х годов неким землевладельцем Джоном Дрейтоном, выращивавшим индиго и рис. Хотя два здания были утрачены в конце XIX века, в целом плантация сохранилась почти без изменений. Самое интересное тут — главный дом: кирпичный, трёхэтажный, с огромным крыльцом с колоннами.

Address 3380 Ashley River Rd
Last Edit2017-12-22
Wikidata Updated: Thu Jul 22 2021 07:19:50