Brest Fortress

File:BrestFortress7.JPG

19th century Russian fortress

MuseumTourist attraction

Wikimedia Commons
Wikimedia Commons category: Brest Fortress

Geographical coordinates: 52.083333333 23.652777777

Wikipedia

English Brest Fortress

Brest Fortress (Belarusian: Брэсцкая крэпасць, Bresckaja krepasć; Russian: Брестская крепость, Brestskaya krepost'; Polish: Twierdza brzeska), formerly known as Brest-Litovsk Fortress, is a 19th-century Russian fortress in Brest, Belarus. In 1965, the title Hero Fortress was given to the Fortress to commemorate the defence of the frontier stronghold during the first week of the German-Soviet War, when Nazi Germany invaded the Soviet Union on June 22, 1941, with the launch of World War II's Operation Barbarossa. The title Hero Fortress corresponds to the title Hero City, that was awarded to an eventual total of twelve Soviet cities.

Source: Brest Fortress

German Brester Festung

Die Brester Festung (weißrussisch Брэсцкая крэпасць, russisch Брестская крепость, polnisch Twierdza brzeska), auch bekannt als Festung Brest-Litowsk (der polnische Name der Stadt war Brześć Litewski), ist eine im 19. Jahrhundert erbaute Festung am westlichen Stadtrand von Brest an der Einmündung des Muchawez in den Bug. Heute ist sie eine der meistbesuchten Sehenswürdigkeiten von Weißrussland.

Source: Brester Festung

Polish Twierdza Brzeska

Twierdza Brzeska, Twierdza Brześć (biał. Брэсцкая крэпасць, Bresckaja krepasć; ros. Брестская крепость, Briestskaja kriepost´) – zespół fortyfikacji wzniesionych przez Imperium Rosyjskie w pierwszej połowie XIX wieku przy ujściu rzeki Muchawiec do Bugu, na terenie Brześcia Litewskiego, przenosząc miasto 2 km na wschód na miejsce dotychczasowego Przedmieścia Kobryńskiego.

W 1833 roku cesarz Mikołaj I Romanow nakazał budowę twierdzy w Brześciu. Miał to być system fortyfikacji, trzymających w ryzach podbitą Polskę.

Source: Twierdza Brzeska

Russian Брестская крепость

Бре́стская кре́пость (белор. Брэсцкая крэпасць, крепость Брест-Литовск) — крепость в черте города Бреста (Республика Беларусь), у впадения реки Мухавец в Западный Буг, а также Тереспольской гмины Польши (форты VI (др. назв. «Тересполь»), литеры Л («Лебедев»), VII («Лобачёв»), литеры И («Жуки»), литеры К («Кобыляны»), литеры О («Корощин»)). Крепость I класса. Крепость-герой.

Source: Брестская крепость

Ukrainian Берестейська фортеця

Берестейська фортеця (біл. Брэсцкая крэпасць, біл. тарашк. Берасьцейская крэпасьць) — фортеця в місті Берестя в Білорусі. Фортеця-герой (з 1965 року). З 1971 — меморіальний комплекс.

Source: Берестейська фортеця

cs Brestská pevnost

Pevnost Brest (rusky Брестская крепость, bělorusky Брэсцкая крэпасць) je unikátní systém pevnostních objektů, které se nacházejí ve městě Brest v západním Bělorusku, 4 forty (I, K, L a O) leží v sousedním Polsku.

Source: Brestská pevnost

Spanish Fortaleza de Brest

Fortaleza de Brest (en bielorruso, Брэсцкая крэпасць). Es un monumento a la arquitectura de defensa, erigida a mediados del siglo XIX está situada al oeste de la ciudad de Brest.

Source: Fortaleza de Brest

French Forteresse de Brest-Litovsk

La forteresse de Brest-Litovsk (en biélorusse : Брэсцкая крэпасць, en russe : Брестская крепость, en polonais : Twierdza brzeska) est une ancienne fortification russe du XIXe siècle située à Brest en Biélorussie sur la frontière avec la Pologne. C'est l'un des plus importants monuments de guerre de la Seconde Guerre mondiale, célèbre pour, premièrement, la résistance polonaise face à l'invasion allemande de septembre 1939, puis, la résistance soviétique face à l'invasion allemande lancée le 22 juin 1941 lors de l'opération Barbarossa. En 1965, le titre de forteresse héros lui fut décerné pour rappeler la défense héroïque de cette fortification frontalière au cours des premières semaines de la guerre germano-soviétique. Elle faisait alors partie de la RSS de Biélorussie.

Source: Forteresse de Brest-Litovsk

Italian Fortezza di Brėst

La Fortezza di Brėst (in bielorusso: Брэсцкая крэпасць?, traslitterato: Bresckaja krepasć; in russo: Брестская крепость?, traslitterato: Brestskaya krepost; in polacco: Twierdza Brzeska), precedentemente noto come Fortezza di Brest-Litovsk, è una fortezza russa del risalente al XIX secolo situata a Brėst, in Bielorussia.

Nel 1965 al complesso fu assegnato il titolo onorifico di fortezza eroina, per commemorare la difesa della roccaforte durante la prima settimana dell'invasione da parte della Germania dell'Unione Sovietica il 22 giugno 1941, durante lo svolgersi dell'Operazione Barbarossa.

Source: Fortezza di Brėst

Japanese ブレスト要塞

ブレスト要塞(ベラルーシ語: Брэсцкая крэпасць, Brestskaya krepasts' ; ロシア語: Брестская крепость, Brestskaya krepost' ; ポーランド語: Twierdza brzeska)は、ブレスト=リトフスク要塞とも呼ばれるベラルーシ共和国(元白ロシア・ソビエト社会主義共和国)ブレスト市のポーランド国境近くに有る19世紀に建てられた要塞である。

1965年5月8日、第二次世界大戦時にナチス・ドイツの侵略に激しく抵抗した要塞に送られる英雄要塞の名誉称号がソビエト連邦によって与えられた。2004年1月30日、UNESCO世界遺産暫定リスト文化遺産に加えられた。ベラルーシ文化遺産リスト番号:111Г000004。

現在は、ブレスト要塞発展財団が管理している。

Source: ブレスト要塞

pt Fortaleza de Brest

A Fortaleza de Brest (em bielorrusso: Брэсцкая крэпасць, ISO 9: Brèsckaâ krèpascʹ; em russo: Брестская крепость, ISO 9: Brestskaâ krepostʹ; em polonês: Twierdza brzeska), conhecida antigamente como Fortaleza de Brest-Litovsk (o nome polonês para a cidade era Brześć Litewski), é uma fortaleza russa do século XIX em Brest, na Bielorrússia. Construída entre 1838 e 1842,é um dos monumentos de guerra soviéticos mais importantes da Segunda Guerra Mundial, comemorando a resistência à invasão Alemanha nazista ocorrida em 22 de junho de 1941 (Operação Barbarossa). Após a guerra, em 1965, a fortaleza recebeu o título oficial de Fortaleza-Herói, em comemoração à defesa heroica do bastião fronteiriço durante as primeiras semanas da Guerra Germano-Soviética; localizava-se no território da República Socialista Soviética Bielorrussa. O título de 'Fortaleza-Herói' corresponde ao título de Cidade Herói, que foi concedido a doze cidades soviéticas.

== Referências ==

Source: Fortaleza de Brest

zh 布列斯特要塞

布列斯特要塞(白俄羅斯語:Брэсцкая крэпасць,俄語:Брестская крепость,波蘭語:Twierdza brzeska)是一個位於白俄羅斯的19世紀炮台。1965年,該炮台獲頒英雄要塞的稱號,成為蘇聯境内唯一一座獲得本稱號的要塞。

Source: 布列斯特要塞

Wikivoyage

English Brest Fortress

A complex of massive fortification built in mid-19th century by Russian Empire. In November 1918 the Treaty of Brest-Litovsk was signed here. In June 1941 there were some days of heavy fighting between the German Wehrmacht and the Red Army with thousands of Soviet soldiers ending up as prisoners of war (POWs) and some 2,000 more killed. After the war the incident was made up as the "heroic defence of the Brest fortress" that lasted for more than one month with everybody fighting to their death. In 1965 the fortress was awarded with the title "Hero Fortress" and a huge propaganda complex was erected. Worth seeing! The fee for the core of the complex, the Museum of the heroic defense of the Brest fortress (where you will see and hear only the official story, no POWs, no Holocaust, but many male armed heroes) is about US$1. Walking the grounds of this great fortification is a moving experience that gives a good sense of the privations faced by the forces that were besieged there. The territory of the fortress is where the ancient city of Brest was born, in the archaeological museum Berestye one can see results of research on the spot. The old town was destroyed when the fortress was built. The history of Brest Fortress is complicated, as you can see, and worth learning.

Websitehttp://www.brest-fortress.by/

Places located in Brest Fortress

Brest

Brest (Belarusian: Брэст, romanized: Brest, pronounced [brɛs̪t̪]; Russian: Брест, romanized: Brest, pronounced [brʲes̪t̪]; Polish: Brześć; Lithuanian: Brasta; Ukrainian: Берестя, romanized: Berestia; Yiddish: בריסק‎, romanized: Brisk), formerly Brest-Litovsk (Belarusian: Берасце, Берасце Літоўскі (Брэст-Лiтоўск); Lithuanian: Lietuvos Brasta; Polish: Brześć Litewski), Brest-on-the-Bug (Polish: Brześć nad Bugiem), is a city (population 350,616 in 2019) in Belarus at the border with Poland opposite the Polish city of Terespol, where the Bug and Mukhavets rivers meet. It is the capital city of the Brest Region.

The city of Brest is a historic site of many cultures. It was the location of important historical events such as the Union of Brest and Treaty of Brest-Litovsk. The Brest Fortress was recognized by the Soviet Union as the Hero Fortress in honor of the defense of Brest Fortress in June 1941.

During medieval times, the city was part of the Kingdom of Poland from 1020 until 1319 when it was taken by the Grand Duchy of Lithuania. It became part of the Polish–Lithuanian Commonwealth in 1569. As a result of the Partitions of Poland, it was incorporated into the Russian Empire in 1795. After World War I, the city was conquered by the Second Polish Republic. During the Invasion of Poland by Nazi Germany and the Soviet Union in 1939, the city was first captured by the Wehrmacht and soon passed on to the USSR in accordance with the German–Soviet Frontier Treaty. In 1941, it was retaken by the Germans during Operation Barbarossa. The city was part of the Belarusian SSR until the breakup of the USSR in 1991. Brest is now a part of the independent Belarus.

Berestye Archeological Museum

The Berestye Archeological Museum, located in the city of Brest, Belarus, is a museum centered around an archaeological site displaying an authentic East Slavic wooden town dating back to the 13th century. Unique in Europe, the 1800 square meter site was excavated by archeologists of the Belarusian Academy of Sciences between 1968 and 1981. The project was supervised by Dr. P.F.Lysenko. In 1982, a modern structure of concrete, glass and aluminum in the shape of a huge pitched roof was erected over the archeological site. The museum was opened on March 2, 1982. The museum displays preserved 28 log cabins, as well over 1400 artifacts dating back to 10th and 14th centuries which were unearthed during the excavation.

Loading...
ar قلعة بريستba Брест ҡәлғәһеbe Брэсцкая крэпасцьbg Брестка крепостca Fortalesa de Brestce Брестан гӀапcs Brestská pevnostde Brester Festungel Φρούριο Μπρεστfi Brestin linnoitusfr forteresse de Bresthe מבצר ברסט ליטובסקhr Tvrđava u Brestuhu Breszti erődhy Բրեստի ամրոցid Benteng Brestit Fortezza di Brestja ブレスト要塞ka ბრესტის ციხესიმაგრეko 브레스트 요새ky Брест чебиlt Bresto tvirtovėlv Brestas cietoksnisnl Fort van Brestpl Twierdza brzeskapt Fortaleza de Brestro Fortăreața Brestru Брестская крепостьsh Brestska tvrđavask Brestská pevnosťsr Брестовска тврђаваth ป้อมเบรสต์tr Brest Kalesiuk Берестейська фортецяuz Brest qalʼasivi Pháo đài Brestzh 布列斯特要塞udm Брест крепостьde-ch Brester Festungpt-br Fortaleza de Brestzh-cn 布列斯特要塞zh-hant 佈列斯特要塞be-tarask Берасьцейская крэпасьць
Photos:
Image from Wikimedia Commons under CC-BY-SA-3.0 by Szeder László