Kirkjubøargarður

Building in the Faroe Islands

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Wikimedia Commons category: Kirkjubøur

Geographical coordinates: 61.95583333 -6.79333333

Wikipedia

English Kirkjubøargarður

Kirkjubøargarður (Faroese for Yard of Kirkjubøur, also known as King's Farm) is one of the oldest still inhabited wooden houses in the world, if not the oldest. The farm itself has always been the largest in the Faroe Islands.

The old farmhouse of Kirkjubøur dates back to the 11th century. It was the episcopal residence and seminary of the Diocese of the Faroe Islands, from about 1100. The legend says that the wood for the block houses came as driftwood from Norway and was accurately bundled and numbered, just for being set up. Note that there is no forest in the Faroes, with the exception of a wood in northern Tórshavn, and wood is a very valuable material. Many such wood legends are thus to be found in Faroese history.

The oldest part is a so-called roykstova (reek parlour, or smoke room). Perhaps it was moved one day, because it does not fit to its foundation. Another ancient room is the loftstovan (loft room). It is supposed that Bishop Erlendur wrote the 'Sheep Letter' here in 1298. This is the earliest document of the Faroes we know today. It is the statute concerning sheep breeding on the Faroes. Today the room is the farm's library. The stórastovan (large room) is from a much later date, being built in 1772.

Though the farmhouse is a museum, the 17th generation of the Patursson family, which has occupied it since 1550, still lives there. Shortly after the Reformation in the Faroe Islands in 1538, all the real estate of the Catholic Church was seized by the King of Denmark. This was about half of the land in the Faroes, and since then called "King's Land" (kongsjørð). The largest piece of King's Land was the farm in Kirkjubøur due to the above-mentioned episcopal residence. This land is today owned by the Faroese government, and the Paturssons are tenants from generation to generation. It is always the oldest son who becomes King's Farmer, and in contrast to the privately-owned land, the King's Land is never divided between the sons.

The farm holds sheep, cattle and some horses. It is possible to get a coffee here and buy fresh mutton and beef directly from the farmer. In the winter season there is also hare hunting for the locals. Groups can rent the roykstovan for festivities and will be served original Faroese cuisine.

Other notable buildings near the farmhouse are the Magnus Cathedral and Saint Olav's Church, which also date back to the medieval period.

Source: Kirkjubøargarður

German Kirkjubøargarður

Der Kirkjubøargarður (färöisch für „Hof von Kirkjubøur“, auch als „Königsbauernhof“ oder „Roykstovan“ bekannt) aus dem 11. Jahrhundert ist das älteste noch heute bewohnte Holzhaus Europas. Der Bauernhof selbst war immer der größte der Färöer.

Source: Kirkjubøargarður

French Kirkjubøargarður

Kirkjubøargarður est une ferme en bois située à Kirkjubøur, dans les îles Féroé. Elle date du XIe siècle.

Il s'agit de la plus ancienne maison de bois à être toujours habitée.

Sverre de Norvège y a grandi.

Portail des îles Féroé

Source: Kirkjubøargarður

Hungarian Kirkjubøargarður

A Kirkjubøargarður (kirkjubøuri királyi gazdaság) egy ősi gazdaság Feröeren, amely Európa legrégebbi, folyamatosan lakott faépületét is magában foglalja. Maga a gazdaság mindig a legnagyobbak közé tartozott a szigeteken.

Source: Kirkjubøargarður

Italian Kirkjubøargarður

Kirkjubøargarður (Faroese perYard of Kirkjubøur, noto anche come King's Farm ) è una delle più antiche case di legno ancora abitate al mondo, se non la più antica. È anche la fattoria più grande delle Isole Faroe, nella cittadina di Kirkjubøur.

La vecchia fattoria risale all'XI secolo. Il legno per costruirla arrivò dalla Norvegia, accuratamente selezionato (non esistono foreste nelle Fær Øer.)

La parte più antica è la cosiddetta roykstova (reek parlor, o sala fumi). Un'altra stanza antica è il loftstovan (stanza del sottotetto). Si presume che il vescovo Erlendur scrisse qui la " Lettera delle pecore " nel 1298, che è il primo documento scritto nella storia delle Fær Øer - un documento di regolamentazione delle greggi di pecore nelle isole. Oggi la stanza è la biblioteca della fattoria. Lo stórastovan (grande sala) è di una data molto successiva, essendo stata costruita nel 1772.

Sebbene la fattoria sia un museo, la 17esima generazione della famiglia Patursson, che la occupa dal 1550, vive ancora lì. Poco dopo la Riforma nelle Isole Faroe, tutti i beni immobili della Chiesa cattolica furono sequestrati dal re di Danimarca . La porzione di terreno più grande del nuovo possedimento danese era appunto la fattoria di Kirkjubøur a causa del fatto che fosse residenza episcopale. Questa terra è oggi di proprietà del governo delle Faeroer e i Patursson sono inquilini di generazione in generazione. È sempre il figlio maggiore che diventa King's Farmer e, a differenza della terra di proprietà privata, la King's Land non è mai divisa tra i figli (maggiorascato).

La fattoria ospita pecore, bovini e alcuni cavalli. Qui è possibile prendere un caffè e acquistare carne e montone freschi direttamente dall'agricoltore.

Altri edifici notevoli vicino alla fattoria sono la Cattedrale di Magnus e la Chiesa di Sant'Olav, che risalgono anch'esse al periodo medievale.

Source: Kirkjubøargarður

Dutch Kirkjubøargarður

Kirkjubøargarður, ook bekend als Roykstovan, is een huis in het dorp Kirkjubøur op het hoofdeiland Streymoy van de Faeröer. Het huis stamt uit het begin van de 12e eeuw en is sinds die tijd bewoond, waarmee het mogelijk het oudste continu bewoonde houten huis ter wereld is. Het is bovendien altijd de grootste boerderij van de Faeröer geweest. Sinds 1550 woont de familie Patursson in het huis, dat ook voor een deel in gebruik is als museum. Overdag zijn enkele kamers van het huis toegankelijk voor het publiek, tegen betaling van een entreeprijs: men kan onder andere de eetkamer met het traditionele meubilair bezoeken en een kleine tentoonstellingsruimte.

Een aantal historische personen hebben in het huis gewoond, onder wie Sverre van Noorwegen die eind 12e eeuw koning was van Noorwegen, en bisschop Erlendur, die de naastgelegen Magnuskathedraal bouwde en de Schapenwet schreef, het oudste document in het Faeröers.

Source: Kirkjubøargarður

Polish Kirkjubøargarður

Kirkjubøargarður – drewniana chata rybacka położona na Wyspach Owczych. Jest jednym z najstarszych, stale zamieszkałych budynków z drewna na świecie, jedna z jej części datowana jest na XI wiek. Dziś należy do rodziny Patursson. Budynek ten położony jest we wsi Kirkjubøur.

Jej nazwa oznacza z języka farerskiego Dziedziniec Kirkjubøur. Znana jest także pod nazwą Dom Królewski.

Source: Kirkjubøargarður

Wikivoyage

Russian Ройкстова

Самое старое деревянное здание как минимум на Фарерских островах, а то и во всей Европе. Построено оно было в XI веке для нужд епархии; поскольку с деревом на островах традиционно туго, считается, что брёвна специально привезли из Норвегии. После Реформации датский король конфисковал все церковные владения, и здание отошло семье Патурссонов. Их потомки и сейчас живут в этом доме, но несколько комнат открыты для всех желающих. Может быть, выставленные там предметы островного быта и не так уникальны, как сам дом, но в сочетании с шумом волн и запахом водорослей получается очень атмосферно. Название "ройкстова" означает "курная изба", то есть дом, где дым выходит не через трубу, а через дверь. Вокруг неё находятся несколько зданий фермы Чирчубёуаргордур, на такой возраст не претендующих, но составляющих неплохой ансамбль.

SourceТорсхавн (ru.wikivoyage.org)
Typesee
Last Edit2018-04-29
zh 奇爾丘伯烏爾
Wikidata Updated: Fri Jul 23 2021 11:04:31