Hope Theatre

theatre in Elizabethan London

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Wikimedia Commons category: Hope Theatre

Geographical coordinates: 51.5083 -0.0955556

Wikipedia

English Hope Theatre

The Hope Theatre was one of the theatres built in and around London for the presentation of plays in English Renaissance theatre, comparable to the Globe, the Curtain, the Swan, and other famous theatres of the era.The Hope was built in 1613–14 by Philip Henslowe and a partner, Jacob Meade, on the site of the old Beargarden on the Bankside in Southwark, on the south side of the River Thames — at that time, outside the legal bounds of the City of London. Henslowe had had a financial interest in the Beargarden (the ring for bear-baiting and similar "animal sports") since 1594; on 29 August 1613 he contracted with the carpenter Gilbert Katherens to tear down the Beargarden, and to build a theatre in its place, for a fee of £360. (After the Hope was built, it was often still called the "Beargarden" in common parlance and in the extant documentary record.)

Construction was slow, taking over a year. The Hope may have been delayed because the Globe was being rebuilt at the same time — it had burned down on 29 June 1613 — and two such large jobs, done simultaneously, may have taxed the personnel and resources of the "construction industry" of Southwark, such as it was at the time. (The Hope was located just to the northwest of the Globe, so that the two projects could have competed directly for men and material.) Also, the Hope was likely a more complex construction job, since it was designed as a dual-purpose facility from the start. The contract calls for a:

Plaiehouse fitt & convenient in all thinges, bothe for players to playe in, and for the game

of Beares and Bulls to be bayted in the same, and also a fitt and convenient Tyre house and

a stage to be carryed and taken awaie, and to stande vppon tressels....So, the Hope would have required facilities for keeping animals that the Globe did not need.

Because Henslowe's original contract with Katherens survives, we know something about the specifics of the construction of the Hope, more so than for other theatres of the period. The contract states that the Hope must be built according to the pattern of the Swan, with two staircases on the outside, and the "heavens" built over the stage, without posts or supports on the stage to disrupt the audience's view — a somewhat different concept from current ideas about the theatres of the period. (The Hope's stage had to be removable, to make room for the "Beares and Bulls.")

The Hope was completed and opened to the public in October 1614. On 31 October, Ben Jonson's Bartholomew Fair was acted in the Hope by the Lady Elizabeth's Men. In the printed text of his play, Jonson describes the Hope as being "as dirty as Smithfield and stinking every whit" — Smithfield being the district of London dominated by the livestock market and slaughterhouses.

On Henslowe's death in 1616, his son-in-law Edward Alleyn inherited Henslowe's share in the Hope, which Alleyn then leased to Meade. The Hope remained an active facility for the coming decades. In its early years the Hope was used more for playing than animal baiting — the days devoted to dramas outnumbered those devoted to animal sports by three to one. Lady Elizabeth's Men were joined by Prince Charles's Men around 1615; when the Lady Elizabeth's company left to tour the provinces in 1616, Prince's Charles's Men remained for another three years. Yet the mix of the two activities was never easy, and the actors grew more unhappy with the arrangements at the Hope as time went on. The actors left for the Cockpit Theatre in 1619, and the Hope was thereafter used for bear and bull baiting, prizefighting, fencing contests, and similar entertainments.

The Corporation of London outlawed both play-acting and bear-baiting at the start of the English Civil War in 1642. Animal sports were suppressed by the Puritan regime in 1656. The last seven surviving bears were shot to death by a company of soldiers; the dogs and the cocks kept there were also killed. (The Commonwealth commander Thomas Pride was responsible for this action; in 1680 — 24 years after the bears' deaths, and 22 years after Pride's — an anonymous satirist composed Pride's confessional Last Speech...being touched in Conscience for his inhuman Murder of the Bears in the Beargarden.)By one (questionable) account, the Hope Theatre was "pulled down to make tenements, by Thomas Walker, a petticoat maker in Canon Street," on Tuesday, 25 March 1656. Yet the practice of animal sports resumed at the Restoration in 1660; if the Hope had been torn down, a replacement facility was soon established. The Diary of Samuel Pepys records a visit Pepys and his wife made to the Beargarden on 14 August 1666. The last word of animal sports at the facility dates from 12 April 1682. By 1714, a development called Bear Garden Square had been built on the site of the old Hope.

Source: Hope Theatre

German Hope Theatre

Das The Hope Theatre war eines der festen Theaterhäuser, die in und um London herum errichtet wurden, in denen das Elisabethanische Theater zu seiner Blüte gelangte. Es ist in seiner Art vergleichbar mit dem benachbarten und ungleich bekannteren Globe Theatre, dem Curtain Theatre, dem Swan Theatre und anderen berühmten Schauspielhäusern jener Tage.

Source: Hope Theatre

Dutch The Hope (theater)

The Hope was een theater in Londen, dat gebouwd werd ten tijde van Jacobus I, in de bloeitijd van het Engels renaissancetheater.

The Hope werd gebouwd in 1613-1614 in opdracht van de Londense zakenman, theaterbouwer en impresario Philip Henslowe met als partner Jacob Meade.

Het gebouw verrees op de plek van de voormalige Beargarden in Bankside, Southwark, op de zuidelijke oever van de Theems, buiten het bestuurlijk gebied van de City of London.

Henslowe was al sinds 1594 financieel betrokken bij de Beargarden. De locatie werd gebruikt voor vermaak in de vorm van 'diersporten', die bestonden uit gevechten tussen enerzijds honden en anderzijds stieren en beren. In augustus 1613 gaf Henslowe de timmerman en aannemer Gilbert Katherens de opdracht het gebouw te slopen en er een theater van te maken dat voor meerdere doeleinden kon dienen. De bouwkosten bedroegen £360.

De bouw duurde meer dan een jaar, mogelijk omdat die samenviel met de herbouw van het in 1613 afgebrande Globe Theatre in dezelfde wijk. De vertraging kan ook zijn ontstaan omdat Henslowe bijzondere eisen stelde aan het nieuwe gebouw. Het moest niet alleen dienen als theater, maar ook onderdak kunnen bieden aan de 'dierensport' zoals die eerder in de Beargarden had plaatsgevonden. Er moest dus ruimte worden geschapen voor dierenonderkomens en het toneel moest verplaatsbaar zijn. Verder stelde Henslowe dat het ontwerp moest overeenkomen met het uiterlijk van zijn eerdere theatergebouw The Rose.

The Hope opende in oktober 1614. Op 31 oktober vond er de première plaats van het stuk Bartholomew Fair van Ben Jonson, door het gezelschap Lady Elizabeth's Men. Jonson merkte in de gedrukte tekst van het stuk op dat The Hope was "as dirty as Smithfield and stinking every whit" (zo vies als Smithfield en even smerig stinkend. - De Londense wijk Smithfield herbergde veemarkten en slachthuizen en ook vonden er executies plaats.)

Na het overlijden van Henslowe in 1616 erfde zijn schoonzoon, de acteur Edward Alleyn zijn aandeel in het gebouw, die het vervolgens verhuurde aan Meade. The Hope bleef vervolgens in gebruik voor de beide doeleinden, hoewel de acteurs er in toenemende mate ongelukkig mee waren. Op den duur werd het dan ook nog voornamelijk gebruikt voor andere vormen van vermaak.

Source: The Hope (theater)

Nearby

Beargarden4 m
Ofcom48 m
Sam Wanamaker Playhouse82 m
Southwark Bridge101 m
Shakespeare's Globe118 m
The Rose123 m
Globe Theatre198 m
Tate Modern257 m
The Clink286 m
Millennium Bridge289 m
arz مسرح الاملja ホープ座nb The Hope Theatrenl The Hope
Wikidata Updated: Fri Jul 23 2021 11:38:49