Westminster Abbey

File:Westminster Abbey west front.jpg

Ancient royal church in London, England

Tourist attraction

Wikimedia Commons
Wikimedia Commons category: Westminster Abbey

Geographical coordinates: 51.4994 -0.127367

Wikipedia

English Westminster Abbey

Westminster Abbey, formally titled the Collegiate Church of Saint Peter at Westminster, is a large, mainly Gothic abbey church in the City of Westminster, London, England, just to the west of the Palace of Westminster. It is one of the United Kingdom's most notable religious buildings and the traditional place of coronation and burial site for English and, later, British monarchs. The building itself was a Benedictine monastic church until the monastery was dissolved in 1539. Between 1540 and 1556, the abbey had the status of a cathedral. Since 1560, the building is no longer an abbey or a cathedral, having instead the status of a Church of England "Royal Peculiar"—a church responsible directly to the sovereign.

According to a tradition first reported by Sulcard in about 1080, a church was founded at the site (then known as Thorn Ey (Thorn Island)) in the seventh century, at the time of Mellitus, a Bishop of London. Construction of the present church began in 1245, on the orders of King Henry III.Since the coronation of William the Conqueror in 1066, all coronations of English and British monarchs have been in Westminster Abbey. There have been 16 royal weddings at the abbey since 1100. As the burial site of more than 3,300 persons, usually of predominant prominence in British history (including at least sixteen monarchs, eight Prime Ministers, poets laureate, actors, scientists, and military leaders, and the Unknown Warrior), Westminster Abbey is sometimes described as 'Britain's Valhalla', after the iconic burial hall of Norse mythology.

Source: Westminster Abbey

German Westminster Abbey

Westminster Abbey, deutsch Abtei von Westminster oder Westminsterabtei (eigentlich The Collegiate Church of St Peter, Westminster), ist eine Kirche in London. Sie befindet sich in der City of Westminster westlich des Palace of Westminster. Traditionell werden hier die Könige von England (heute: Könige von Großbritannien und Nordirland) gekrönt und beigesetzt. Die Stiftskirche des Kollegiatstifts St. Peter, Westminster gehört zur Church of England, ist aber aufgrund ihrer Funktion keiner Diözese zugehörig, sondern Eigenkirche (royal peculiar) der britischen Monarchie, vergleichbar mit exempten Klöstern in der römischen Kirche. Daher wird ihr oberster Geistlicher, der Dekan von Westminster, direkt vom britischen Monarchen berufen.

Diese Kirche ist nicht zu verwechseln mit der römisch-katholischen Westminster Cathedral.

Source: Westminster Abbey

Russian Вестминстерское аббатство

Коллегиа́льная це́рковь Свято́го Петра́ в Ве́стминстере (англ. Collegiate Church of St Peter at Westminster), почти всегда называемая Вестми́нстерское абба́тство — готическая церковь в Вестминстере (Лондон). Строилась с перерывами с 1245 по 1745 годы, хотя первые упоминания о церкви на этом месте относятся к VII—X векам. Традиционное место коронации и захоронения монархов Великобритании. Вместе с расположенными рядом Вестминстерским дворцом и церковью Святой Маргариты аббатство в 1987 году было причислено ко Всемирному наследию.

Source: Вестминстерское аббатство

Ukrainian Вестмінстерське абатство

Собор Святого Петра у Вестмінстері, який майже завжди називають Вестмінстерське абатство — готична церква у Вестмінстері, (Лондон), на захід від Вестмінстерського палацу. Будувався з перервами з 1245 по 1745. Мав статус кафедри з 1546—1556. Сьогодні знаходиться у винятковій власності британської монархії.

Традиційне місце коронації монархів Великої Британії і захоронень монархів Англії.

Source: Вестмінстерське абатство

cs Westminsterské opatství

Westminsterské opatství (Westminster Abbey) – oficiální označení Kolegiátní chrám svatého Petra ve Westminsteru (The Collegiate Church of St Peter, Westminster) je chrám Anglikánské církve ve stavebním tvaru katedrály, postavený převážně v gotickém slohu, nacházející se v londýnském obvodu Westminster, nedaleko od Westminsterského paláce. Je tradičním místem korunovací, svateb a místem posledního odpočinku anglických panovníků.

Source: Westminsterské opatství

Spanish Abadía de Westminster

La abadía de Westminster o Iglesia colegiata de San Pedro de Westminster (en inglés, Westminster Abbey) es una iglesia gótica anglicana del tamaño de una catedral. Está localizada en Westminster, Londres, Inglaterra, al lado del palacio de Westminster. Es el lugar tradicional para las coronaciones y entierros de los monarcas ingleses y, más tarde, los monarcas británicos. La abadía tiene, además, muchos sepulcros de otros miembros de la familia real, aristócratas y personalidades ilustres.

No recibe fondos públicos, y sus ingresos para 1999-2000 se estimaban en 8,7 millones de libras, incluyendo las entradas abonadas por más de 1 250 000 visitantes. Emplea a unas 200 personas, además de contar con 280 voluntarios.[1]​

Aunque de 1540 a 1550 tenía estatus de catedral, a partir de 1559[2]​ fue designada como una de las Royal Peculiars.[3]​

La Unesco nombró a la abadía, junto con el Palacio de Westminster y la iglesia de Santa Margarita, como Patrimonio de la Humanidad en 1987.[4]​

Source: Abadía de Westminster

French Abbaye de Westminster

L’abbaye de Westminster est l'un des édifices religieux les plus célèbres de Londres. Sa construction date pour l'essentiel du XIIIe siècle, sous Henri III. C'est le lieu de sépulture d'une partie des rois et reines d'Angleterre et aussi des hommes et des femmes célèbres. Le Coin des poètes fait honneur aux écrivains du royaume. La quasi-totalité des couronnements des monarques anglais a eu lieu dans cette abbaye.

Le vrai nom de l'abbatiale est « église collégiale Saint-Pierre ». Westminster signifie « abbaye de l'Ouest » car celle-ci se situait à l'ouest de la City (en opposition à Eastminster, monastère cistercien qui se trouvait à l'est, au-delà de la tour de Londres, sur le site de l'actuelle Royal Mint). En ancien français, l'abbaye de Westminster se nommait Ouestmoustier (en latin monasterium).

Elle est classée au patrimoine mondial de l'UNESCO depuis 1985.

Source: Abbaye de Westminster

Italian Abbazia di Westminster

La collegiata di San Pietro in Westminster (in inglese: Collegiate Church of Saint Peter in Westminster) presso l'abbazia di Westminster (in inglese: Westminster Abbey), per sineddoche con lo stesso nome di quest'ultima, è il più importante luogo di culto già cattolico e poi anglicano di Londra dopo la cattedrale di San Paolo, sede delle incoronazioni dei sovrani d'Inghilterra e di sepoltura di personaggi anglicani importanti. Essa, a causa della sua funzione, non è soggetta all'autorità diocesana ed è una chiesa proprietaria della monarchia britannica (Royal peculiar).

Si trova a Westminster, Londra, a ovest del palazzo di Westminster, sede del parlamento. Fu chiamata così per distinguerla da quella di St. Mary of the Graces situata a est (Eastminster), sede di un monastero cistercense.

Westminster Abbey è un sito patrimonio dell'umanità UNESCO.

A poca distanza sorge la cattedrale cattolica di Westminster, assai più recente, con la quale l'abbazia non va confusa.

Source: Abbazia di Westminster

Japanese ウェストミンスター寺院

ウェストミンスター寺院(ウェストミンスターじいん、英語:Westminster Abbey)は、イギリスのロンドン・ウェストミンスターにある、イングランド国教会の教会。聖ペテロ修道教会。戴冠式などの王室行事が執り行われ、内部の壁と床には歴代の王や女王、政治家などが多数埋葬されている。墓地としては既に満杯状態で、新たに埋葬するスペースはもはやなくなっている。国会議事堂(ウェストミンスター宮殿)が隣接している。

ウィリアム1世以来、エドワード5世、エドワード8世を除く全てのイギリスの歴代の王が、「エドワード懺悔王の礼拝室」で戴冠式を行っている。この部屋にはかつてスコットランドから持ち帰られた、スコットランド王権を象徴するスクーンの石が嵌めこまれた戴冠式用の玉座があったが、スクーンの石は1996年にスコットランドに返還された。

イギリス中世の大規模なゴシック建築である。11世紀にエドワード懺悔王が建設し、1066年以降、英国国王の戴冠式が行われている。1245年、ヘンリー3世により、フランスの建築家を招き、フランスのゴシック建築にならって改装を始めた。14世紀末までにおおよそ完成するが、墓所の増築や西側正面部分、塔など20世紀に至るまで長期間にわたり、時代によってさまざまな様式で増改築されている。

1987年、ユネスコの世界遺産(文化遺産)に登録。

多くの学校や職場で使用されている始業、終業のチャイムの音階は、同寺院のために1927年に作曲された「ウェストミンスターの鐘」が元となっている。

Source: ウェストミンスター寺院

pt Abadia de Westminster

A Abadia de Westminster, formalmente denominada Igreja Colegiada de São Pedro em Westminster, é uma grande igreja em arquitetura predominantemente gótica na cidade de Westminster, Londres, Inglaterra, a oeste do Palácio de Westminster. É um dos edifícios religiosos mais notáveis do Reino Unido e o local tradicional de coroação e sepultamento dos monarcas ingleses e, posteriormente, britânicos. O edifício em si era uma igreja monástica beneditina até a dissolução do mosteiro em 1539. Entre 1540 e 1556, a abadia tinha o status de catedral. Desde 1560, o prédio não é mais uma abadia ou catedral, tendo o status de "Royal Peculiar " da Igreja Anglicana - uma igreja responsável diretamente pelo soberano.

De acordo com uma tradição relatada pela primeira vez por Sulcard em cerca de 1080, uma igreja foi fundada no local (então conhecida como Thorn Ey (Ilha Thorn) no século VII, na época de Mellitus, um bispo de Londres. A construção da igreja atual começou em 1245, por ordem do rei Henrique III.Desde a coroação de Guilherme, o Conquistador, em 1066, todas as coroações de monarcas ingleses e britânicos estão na Abadia de Westminster. Houve 16 casamentos reais na abadia desde 1100 d.C.. Como local de enterro de mais de 3,3 mil pessoas, geralmente de destaque predominante na história britânica (incluindo pelo menos dezesseis monarcas, oito primeiros ministros, poetas, laureada, atores, cientistas e líderes militares e o ''Guerreiro Desconhecido''), a Abadia de Westminster às vezes é descrita como ''Valhalla da Grã-Bretanha'', depois de icônico salão funerário da mitologia nórdica.

Source: Abadia de Westminster

zh 西敏寺

威斯敏斯特聖彼得協同教堂(The Collegiate Church of St Peter at Westminster),通称威斯敏斯特修道院(Westminster Abbey,也常译为西敏寺),是一座位于伦敦市中心西敏市區的大型哥特式建筑风格的教堂,一直是英国君主(从英格兰、不列颠到英聯邦时期)安葬或加冕登基的地点。曾在1546–1556年短暂成为主教座堂,现为王家胜迹。1987年被列为世界文化遗产。

Source: 西敏寺

Wikivoyage

English Westminster Abbey

The Abbey charges tourists for entry, but not for worshippers. Attend a church service for free and enjoy some of the finest choral music in London from the choir. Choral Evensong at 3pm (Sa Su) or 5pm (weekdays), depending on time of year, is an especially good bet. The Abbey is the traditional scene for the coronation of British monarchs and the burial place of many past kings and queens. The Abbey contains a good gift shop and the Cellarium Café, which traces its history to the 14th century, is a good place to buy a noontime meal. Westminster Abbey is usually open to visitors from Monday to Saturday throughout the year. On Sundays and religious holidays such as Easter and Christmas, the Abbey is open for worship only. All are welcome and it is free to attend services. Visitor access to the Abbey is via the West Gate of the North Green.

Price Adult £22, concessions £17 (seniors 60+, children 11-16, students with full-time student card), family ticket £45 (two adults and two children under 18), children under 11 free (maximum of two children per paying adult); half-price entry on Wednesday 4:30PM–7PM, last entry 6PM
Last Edit2017-08-04

English Westminster Abbey

Last Edit2017-10-26

French Abbaye de Westminster

Le Panthéon et Notre-Dame réunis ! Un grand nombre de Rois et Reines y sont enterrés (Elisabeth I, Mary Stuart, Edouard le Confesseur...), et il ne faut pas oublier les poètes' Corner, le Carré des poètes : Lord Byron, Lewis Caroll, ainsi que le fameux monument à Newton.Le 29 avril 2011 le prince William a épousé Catherine Middleton dans l'abbaye de Westminster.

Price Adultes : / Enfants :
Hours - - -
Last Edit2018-02-27

Italian Abbazia di Westminster (Westminster Abbey)

Da notare che l'abbazie fa pagare l'ingresso ai turisti ma non ai devoti, quindi si può partecipare alla messa gratuitamente e gustare la migliore musica corale di Londra. La messa serale corale è il sabato e la domenica alle 15:00 o alle 17:00 durante la settimana. L'Abbazia è per tradizione il luogo dell'incoronzaione dei monarchi britannici e il posto dove re e regine vengono seppelliti. Qui si trova anche un buon negozio di souvenir e la caffetteria Cellarium, la cui storia risale al XIV secolo ed è un buon posto dove pranzare.

Address 20 Deans Yard, SW1P 3PA
Directions Stazione tube: Westminster. I visitatori accedono dal Portone Ovest sul Giardino Nord
Price Adulti £22, concessioni £17 (anziani oltre i 60, bambini 11-16, studenti), biglietti per famiglie £45 (due adulti e due babmini al di sotto dei 18 anni), i bambini sotto agli 11 anni entrano gratis (con un massimo di due bambini per adulto pagante); ingresso a metà prezzo, Mer 16:30-19:00, ultimo ingresso 18:00
Hours Abbazia: Lun-Mar, Gio-Ven 09:30-15:45, Mer 09:30-19:00, Sab 09:30-13:45 (d'estate fino alle 15:45), Dom aperta solo per la messa; Chapter House: Lun-Dom 10:30-16:00; Museo dell'abbazia di Westminster: Lun-Dom 10:30-16:00; Pyx Chamber: Lun-Dom 10:30-16:00; Chiostri: Lun-Dom 08:00-18:00

Places located in Westminster Abbey

Poets' Corner

Poets' Corner is the name traditionally given to a section of the South Transept of Westminster Abbey because of the high number of poets, playwrights, and writers buried and commemorated there.

The first poet interred in Poets' Corner was Geoffrey Chaucer. Over the centuries, a tradition has grown up of interring or memorialising people there in recognition of their contribution to British culture. In the overwhelming majority of cases, the honour is awarded to writers.

In 2009, the founders of the Royal Ballet were commemorated in a memorial floor stone and on 25 September 2010, the writer Elizabeth Gaskell was celebrated with the dedication of a panel in the memorial window. On 6 December 2011, former Poet Laureate Ted Hughes was commemorated with a floor stone. On 22 November 2013, the fiftieth anniversary of his death, writer C. S. Lewis was commemorated with a memorial floor stone. The poet Philip Larkin was commemorated with a floor stone dedicated on 2 December 2016.

The Unknown Warrior

The British grave of The Unknown Warrior (often known as 'The Tomb of The Unknown Warrior') holds an unidentified British soldier killed on a European battlefield during the First World War. He was buried in Westminster Abbey, London on 11 November 1920, simultaneously with a similar interment of a French unknown soldier at the Arc de Triomphe in France, making both graves the first to honour the unknown dead of the First World War. It is the first example of a tomb of the Unknown Soldier.

Henry VII Lady Chapel

The Henry VII Lady Chapel, now more often known just as the Henry VII Chapel, is a large Lady chapel at the far eastern end of Westminster Abbey, paid for by the will of King Henry VII. It is separated from the rest of the abbey by brass gates and a flight of stairs.The structure of the chapel is a three-aisled nave composed of four bays. The apse of the chapel contains the altar, and behind that, the tombs of Henry VII and his wife as well as of James I. There are five apsidal chapels.The chapel is noted for its pendant fan vault ceiling.

The chapel is built in a very late Perpendicular Gothic style, the magnificence of which caused John Leland to call it the orbis miraculum (the wonder of the world). The tombs of several monarchs including Henry VII, Edward VI, Mary I, Elizabeth I, James I, Charles II and Mary, Queen of Scots are found in the chapel.The chapel has also been the mother church of the Order of the Bath since 1725, and the banners of members hang above the stalls.

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Photos:
Image from Wikimedia Commons under CC BY-SA 2.0 by Christine Matthews