Jewel Tower

File:Jewel Tower.jpg

medieval tower in Westminster, London, England

Wikimedia Commons
Wikimedia Commons category: Jewel Tower

Geographical coordinates: 51.4984 -0.126472


English Jewel Tower

The Jewel Tower is a 14th-century surviving element of the Palace of Westminster, in London, England. It was built between 1365 and 1366, under the direction of William of Sleaford and Henry de Yevele, to house the personal treasure of King Edward III. The original Tower was a three-storey, crenellated stone building which occupied a secluded part of the Palace and was protected by a moat linked to the River Thames. The ground floor featured elaborate sculpted vaulting, described by historian Jeremy Ashbee as "an architectural masterpiece". The Tower continued to be used for storing the monarch's treasure and personal possessions until 1512, when a fire in the Palace caused King Henry VIII to relocate his court to the nearby Palace of Whitehall.

At the end of the 16th century the House of Lords began to use the Tower to store its parliamentary records, building a house alongside it for the use of the parliamentary clerk, and extensive improvements followed in 1621. The Tower continued as the Lords' records office through the 18th century and several renovations were carried out to improve its fire-proofing and comfort, creating the present appearance of the Tower. It was one of only four buildings to survive the burning of Parliament in 1834, after which the records were moved to the Victoria Tower, built for the purpose of storing archives, and part of the new neo-Gothic Palace of Westminster.

In 1869 the Jewel Tower was taken over by the newly formed Standard Weights and Measures Department, which used it for storing and testing official weights and measures. The rising level of passing vehicular traffic made the tower increasingly unsuitable for this work, and by 1938 the department had abandoned it in favour of other facilities. In 1948 the building was placed into the care of the Ministry of Works, which repaired the damage inflicted to the tower during the Second World War and restored the building extensively, clearing the surrounding area and opening the tower to tourists. Today the Jewel Tower is managed by English Heritage and receives about 30,000 visitors annually.

Source: Jewel Tower

German Jewel Tower

Der Jewel Tower (deutsch Juwelen-Turm) in London ist neben der Westminster Hall der einzige verbliebene Bestandteil des ursprünglichen mittelalterlichen Palace of Westminster. Er wurde etwa 1365 erbaut, um die Juwelen Edwards III. aufzunehmen, inoffiziell wurde er auch als „King’s Privy Wardrobe“ (deutsch "des Königs Privatschrank") bezeichnet. Es handelt sich um ein schmales dreistöckiges Gebäude, das aus Stein erbaut wurde und heute auf der anderen Straßenseite gegenüber dem heutigen Parlamentsgebäude des Palace of Westminster steht. Ursprünglich war er in die Verteidigungsmauern des Palastes integriert, aber vom Hauptgebäude getrennt, so dass er das große Feuer von 1834, das den Großteil des Parlamentsgebäudes zerstörte, überstand.

Er wird heute von English Heritage verwaltet und enthält eine Ausstellung Parliament Past and Present (deutsch: Das Parlament in Vergangenheit und Gegenwart). Gegenüber dem Turm sind die Überreste eines Burggrabens zu sehen. Bis 1834 wurden im Jewel Tower die historischen Aufzeichnungen des House of Lords aufbewahrt, diese befinden sich aber heute in der Verwaltung der Parliamentary Archives im Victoria Tower des Hauptgebäudes des Palace of Westminster.

Die britischen Kronjuwelen werden im Jewel House des Tower of London verwahrt.

Source: Jewel Tower

Polish Jewel Tower

Jewel Tower – XIV-wieczna wieża stanowiąca fragment kompleksu Pałacu Westminsterskiego, położona w centrum Londynu, na lewym brzegu Tamizy. Została wzniesiona w latach 1365–1366. Początkowo służyła jako magazyn dla królewskich kosztowności oraz okazjonalnie jako więzienie. Od XVI wieku była siedzibą urzędów związanych z funkcjonowaniem Izby Lordów oraz Izby Gmin. Jako jeden z niewielu elementów przetrwała pożar Pałacu Westminsterskiego w 1834 roku. Została częściowo zniszczona podczas II wojny światowej. Od 1948 roku mieści się w niej muzeum. Obecnie jest zarządzana przez organizację English Heritage. Jest wpisana na listę zabytków I klasy.

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Chenese 珠寶塔

珠寶塔(Jewel Tower)是位於西敏宮之內的一座現存的14世紀的建築。珠寶塔修建於1365年至1366年之間,塔高三層,收藏愛德華三世個人的珍寶。16世紀末期開始,英國上議院開始在這裡儲存會議記錄。現在珠寶塔由英格蘭遺產管理,每年大約有3萬人參觀珠寶塔。

Source: 珠寶塔


English The Jewel Tower

This small tower across the road from the Houses of Parliament is the only part of the original Palace of Westminster still standing. While it is overshadowed in splendour by the surrounding buildings, it's well worth a visit, and has good displays about the early history of Westminster.

Address Abingdon Street, SW1P 3JX
Price adults £3.90, children £2.30, concessions £3.50

Italian La torre del gioiello (The Jewel Tower)

Questa piccola torre dall'altra parte della strada rispetto alla Houses of Parlament, è l'unico elemento del Palazzo di Westminster originale che tutt'oggi sopravvive. Anche se coperto dagli edifici circostanti, val bene una visita e ha una bella mostra sulla storia di Westminster.

Address Abingdon Street, SW1P 3JX
Directions di fronte al Parlamento
Price adulti £3.90, bambini £2.30, concessioni £3.50

French Jewel Tower

Last Edit2018-10-17
ar برج الجوهرةhe מגדל היהלוםmk Кула на Скапоценоститеta யுவெல் கோபுரம்zh 珠寶塔
Image source:
Wikimedia Commons CC-BY-SA-3.0 by No machine-readable author provided. Lonpicman~commonswiki assumed (based on copyright claims).