Palace of the Republic

Palast der Republik

former house of culture in Mitte, Berlin, Germany, seat of the parliament of the GDR, performing arts and entertainment centre

Wikimedia Commons
Wikimedia Commons category: Palast der Republik

Geographical coordinates: 52.517553 13.402355

Wikipedia

English Palace of the Republic, Berlin

The Palace of the Republic (German: Palast der Republik) was a building in Berlin that hosted the Volkskammer, the parliament of the German Democratic Republic (East Germany or GDR), from 1976 to 1990.

The Palace of the Republic or "People's Palace" was located on Museum Island in the Mitte area of East Berlin, on the site of the former Berlin Palace between the Lustgarten and Schlossplatz, near the West Berlin border. The Palast was completed in 1976 to house the Volkskammer, also serving various cultural purposes including two large auditoria, art galleries, a theatre, 13 restaurants, a bowling alley, a post office, and a discothèque.

In 1990, the Palast became vacant following German reunification and closed for health reasons due to over 5000 tonnes of asbestos in the building despite being outlawed in construction in East Germany in 1968. In 2003, the Bundestag voted for the demolition of the Palast and replacement with a reconstruction of the Berlin Palace which had been demolished in the 1950s. The Palast was demolished between 2006 and 2008, and the reconstruction of the Berlin Palace began in 2013 to be completed by 2020.

Source: Palace of the Republic, Berlin

German Palast der Republik

Der Palast der Republik war ein Gebäude am Marx-Engels-Platz (ab 1994: Lustgarten und Schloßplatz) auf der Spreeinsel im Berliner Stadtbezirk Mitte. Er wurde zwischen 1973 und 1976 nach Plänen von Heinz Graffunder und anderen auf einem 15.300 m² großen Teil des Geländes des ehemaligen Berliner Stadtschlosses gegenüber dem Außenministerium der DDR in Nachbarschaft zum Berliner Dom und zum Staatsratsgebäude errichtet. Er war Sitz der Volkskammer und beherbergte eine große Zahl von Veranstaltungsräumen eines öffentlichen Kulturhauses. Ab 1990 war das Gebäude wegen der Emission krebserregender Asbestfasern geschlossen. Von 1998 bis 2003 wurden die Asbesteinbauten entfernt. Nach einem entsprechenden Beschluss des Deutschen Bundestages von 2003 wurde das Bauwerk von Anfang Februar 2006 bis Anfang Dezember 2008 abgerissen. Der Abriss war aus zeitgeschichtlichen, kulturellen und politischen Gründen umstritten. Im März 2013 begann an seiner Stelle der Wiederaufbau des Berliner Schlosses in Form des Humboldt Forums.

Source: Palast der Republik

Polish Pałac Republiki

Pałac Republiki (niem. Palast der Republik) – nieistniejący obecnie budynek w Berlinie (okręg Mitte) nad brzegiem Szprewy na Schlossplatz (w latach 1951–1994 Marx-Engels-Platz) znajdujący się obok Katedry Berlińskiej, w miejscu zburzonego zamku berlińskiego. Pałac Republiki pełnił funkcję siedziby Izby Ludowej, parlamentu Niemieckiej Republiki Demokratycznej (NRD). Budynek uroczyście otwarto 23 kwietnia 1976, a dwa dni później udostępniono go zwykłym obywatelom. W latach 1976–1990 odwiedzało go przeciętnie 12 tysięcy osób dziennie a rocznie – 5 milionów. Pałac Republiki uważany był w tamtych latach za budynek niezwykle nowoczesny. Porównywano go m.in. do paryskiego Centre Georges Pompidou i do sztokholmskiego Kulturhuset. Obiekt rozebrano w latach 2006–2008, aby odbudować zamek berliński.

Source: Pałac Republiki

Russian Дворец Республики (Берлин)

Дворец Республики (нем. Palast der Republik) — здание, находившееся на Дворцовой площади на острове Шпрееинзель в центре Берлина (ГДР), построенное на месте снесённого в 1950 году берлинского Городского дворца. Во Дворце Республики проводились заседания Народной палаты ГДР, кроме этого дворец выполнял функции открытого для общественности дворца культуры.

После объединения Германии дальнейшая судьба Дворца Республики стала предметом жарких дискуссий. 6 февраля 2006 году начался постепенный снос здания Дворца Республики, который завершился к концу 2008 года.

Официальной причиной сноса объявлено наличие вредного для здоровья асбеста в строительной смеси, из которой построен дворец, что, однако, подвергается сомнению — в этом решении прослеживается и политическая подоплёка. В настоящее время на месте Дворца Республики ведётся строительство Городского Дворца.

Source: Дворец Республики (Берлин)

cs Palác republiky

Palác republiky (německy Palast der Republik) byla stavba v Berlíně. Hlavním účelem budovy bylo sídlo parlamentu Německé demokratické republiky, ale vešly se sem i kulturní instituce jako filharmonie, divadlo (Theater im Palast – zkratka TiP), pošta, kluby, galerie a restaurace. Velký sál sloužil jako koncertní síň a sjezdový sál pro sjezdy Jednotné socialistické strany Německa (SED). Natáčela se zde také některá vydání velkého revuálního programu televize NDR Ein Kessel Buntes.

Source: Palác republiky

Spanish Palacio de la República (Berlín)

El Palacio de la República (en alemán, Palast der Republik) fue un destacado edificio, ahora demolido, que se encontraba en la ciudad alemana de Berlín, situado en la Schlossplatz o plaza del Palacio, a orillas del río Spree.

El edificio fue construido entre 1973 y 1976, y entre 1976 y 1990 fue la sede de la Volkskammer, o «Cámara del Pueblo», el parlamento de la República Democrática Alemana (RDA). Hacia 2008 las autoridades de la Alemania reunificada demolieron el edificio para emprender la reconstrucción del antiguo Palacio Real de Berlín, cuyas obras empezaron en 2013 y se espera que finalicen hacia 2020.

Source: Palacio de la República (Berlín)

French Palais de la République (Allemagne)

Le palais de la République (Palast der Republik) était un bâtiment du centre de Berlin, capitale de l'Allemagne. Au moment de la division de la ville, son emplacement se trouvait dans la partie orientale, alors capitale de l'ex-république démocratique allemande (RDA). Ouvert en 1976, il fut le siège de la Volkskammer (« chambre du peuple ») — le parlement est-allemand— et un important lieu culturel et de rencontre. En 2002, le Bundestag s'est prononcé pour sa destruction qui a commencé le 27 février 2006 et qui a pris fin le 2 décembre 2008.

Source: Palais de la République (Allemagne)

Italian Palast der Republik

Il Palast der Republik (letteralmente: «Palazzo della Repubblica») è stato un edificio di Berlino, che sorgeva nell'attuale Schloßplatz (quartiere Mitte) .

L'edificio fu inaugurato nel 1976 e ospitava la Volkskammer, il parlamento della RDT.

Dal 1990 l'edificio venne chiuso ed abbandonato per anni, a causa dell'emissione di fibre di amianto cancerogene, che vennero successivamente rimosse.

Fu utilizzato nuovamente nei primi anni del 2000 come centro artistico e culturale, ma a seguito di una decisione del Bundestag il palazzo fu demolito.

Il processo di demolizione iniziò nel febbraio del 2006 e si concluse nel dicembre del 2008.

Source: Palast der Republik

Japanese 共和国宮殿

共和国宮殿(きょうわこくきゅうでん、ドイツ語: Palast der Republik)は、ドイツ民主共和国(東ドイツ)の首都東ベルリンの中心部にあった建物。シュプレー川の中州のシュロスプラッツ(Schlossplatz、王宮広場)とルストガルテン(Lustgarten)の間に建つ近代建築で、東ドイツの人民議会(Volkskammer)の議場とコンサートホール、美術館、ボウリング場、ディスコ、13のレストラン・カフェ・バーなどが入居していた。プロイセン王国の宮殿・ベルリン王宮(Stadtschloss)の跡地に1976年に完成したが、1990年に閉鎖され、2006年から解体工事に入り2008年末には完全に撤去された。跡地には、ベルリン王宮の再建が予定されている。

Source: 共和国宮殿

pt Palácio da República (Berlim)

O Palácio da República (em alemão Palast der Republik) foi um edifício localizado na Schloßplatz (Praça do Palácio, conhecida entre 1951 e 1994 por Marx-Engels-Platz) nas margens do Rio Spree, no bairro de Mitte (Bezirk Mitte), em Berlim, numa parte do local onde se ergueu o Berliner Stadtschloss, ao qual se refere o nome da praça. Alojou o Volkskammer (Congresso do Povo), o Parlamento da RDA, sendo igualmente utilizado como Casa da Cultura aberta. O desenvolvimento urbano da praça do palácio de Berlim deve-se à sua localização central e ao significado histórico do castelo e palácio desde a Reunificação da Alemanha, sendo objecto de intensas discussões. Em 2002, o Bundestag pronunciou-se pela sua demolição, a qual ocorreu gradualmente entre 6 de Fevereiro de 2006, e foi concluída na Primavera de 2009.

Source: Palácio da República (Berlim)

zh 共和國宮

共和國宮(德語:Palast der Republik)是德國首都柏林一座已拆除的建築,座落於施普雷河河畔宫廷广场與露斯特花園(Lustgarten)(兩者於1951年至1994年構成馬克思-恩格斯廣場)中間。它曾為東德人民議會所在地,但也有兩座大禮堂、美術館、餐廳、電影院,與保齡球館。

Source: 共和國宮

Places located in Palace of the Republic

Berlin City Palace

The Berlin Palace (German: Berliner Schloss or Stadtschloss), also known as the Berlin City Palace, is a building in the centre of Berlin, located on the Museum Island at Schlossplatz, opposite the Lustgarten park. From the 15th century to the early 20th century, the Berliner Schloss was a royal and imperial palace and served mostly as the main residence of the Electors of Brandenburg, the Kings of Prussia, and the German Emperors. Demolished by the East German government in the 1950s, the palace is currently being rebuilt, with completion expected in 2020. The reconstructed palace will be the seat of the Humboldt Forum, a museum for world culture which is a successor museum of the Ancient Prussian Art Chamber, which was also located in the 19th century Berlin Palace. The Humboldt Forum has been described as the German equivalent of the British Museum. It is currently being reconstructed.

The palace was originally built in the 15th century and changed throughout the next few centuries. It bore features of the Baroque style, and its shape, finalised by the middle 18th century, is for the most part attributed to German architect Andreas Schlüter, whose first design is likely to date from 1702, though the palace incorporated earlier parts seen in 1688 by Nicodemus Tessin. It served as a residence to various Electors of Brandenburg. It was the principal residence and winter residence of the Hohenzollern Kings of Prussia from 1701 to 1918. After the unification of Germany in 1871, it also became the central residence for the German Emperors. After the proclamation of the Weimar Republic in 1918, the palace became a museum. In World War II, the building was heavily damaged by Allied bombings. Although it could have been repaired, the palace was demolished in 1950 by the German Democratic Republic authorities, despite criticism. In the 1970s, the Palace of the Republic was constructed on its site, but controversially demolished in 2008 to make place for the reconstruction of the old palace.

Following the reunification of Germany, it was decided to rebuild the entire exterior of the palace in the original style except for the east side. The authentically reconstructed facades will include various remnant sculptures and stones of the original palace. The interior will be modern, except the facades of one of the courts which is constructed in original style (Schlüterhof). However, the floorplan has been designed to allow potential future reconstruction of notable historical rooms. The building will house the Humboldtforum museum and congress complex, and is scheduled to be finished in 2020.

Humboldt Forum

The Humboldt Forum is a large-scale museum project in Berlin, Germany, which will have its seat in the reconstructed Berlin Palace, located near the Museum Island. It has its roots in the Ancient Prussian Art Chamber, which was also located in the Berlin Palace and which was established in the mid 16th century. The Humboldt Forum will incorporate two of the art chamber's successor institutions, the Ethnological Museum of Berlin and the Museum of Asian Art (originally the Indian Department of the former). The project, named after the brothers Alexander and Wilhelm von Humboldt, aims to be a world centre for culture. The Humboldt Forum has been described as the "German equivalent" of the British Museum. Neil MacGregor, formerly the Director of the British Museum, was appointed as the founding Director of the Humboldt Forum in 2015.

Schloßplatz

Schloßplatz (German for "Palace Square" or "Castle Square") is a square located on Museum Island (Museumsinsel) in Berlin, Germany. It measures about 225 m by 175 m, with its long side oriented on an axis approximately southwest/northeast. At its west corner is the Schlossbrücke (Palace Bridge), from which Unter den Linden leads west to the Brandenburg Gate. From the same corner Karl-Liebknecht-Straße runs northeast alongside the square and on to Alexanderplatz.

"Schloßplatz" is also a common name for squares in many German-speaking countries. Other cities which have a Schloßplatz include Frankfurt am Main, Stuttgart, Munich and Dresden.

Old Cölln

Cölln (German: [ˈkœln]) was the twin city of Old Berlin (Altberlin) from the 13th century to the 18th century. Cölln was located on the Fisher Island section of Spree Island, opposite Altberlin on the western bank of the River Spree, until the cities were merged by Frederick I of Prussia to form Berlin in 1710. Today, the former site of Cölln is the historic core of the modern Mitte locality of the Berlin-Mitte borough in central Berlin.

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