borough of Berlin, Germany
Wikimedia Commons category: Friedrichshain-Kreuzberg
Friedrichshain-Kreuzberg is the second borough of Berlin, formed in 2001 by merging the former East Berlin borough of Friedrichshain and the former West Berlin borough of Kreuzberg. The historic Oberbaum Bridge, formerly a Berlin border crossing for pedestrians, links both districts across the river Spree as the new borough's landmark (as featured in the coat of arms).
The counterculture tradition especially of Kreuzberg led to a plurality of votes for the Green Party, which is unique among all Berlin boroughs. The local MP Hans-Christian Ströbele is the only Green politician directly elected to the federal Bundestag. While Kreuzberg is characterised by a high number of immigrants, the share of non-German citizens in Friedrichshain is much lower and the average age is higher. The merger between the distinct quarters is celebrated by an annual anarchic "vegetable fight" on the Oberbaumbrücke. Both parts have to deal with the consequences of gentrification.
Friedrichshain-Kreuzberg is suffering from a surge in crime since early 2015, most notably around the former Reichsbahn ground (RAW) and the ASTRA club, resulting in the police advising on Facebook for nightly visitors of the area not to wear any jewellery.
German Bezirk Friedrichshain-Kreuzberg
Friedrichshain-Kreuzberg ist der zweite Verwaltungsbezirk von Berlin. Am 31. Dezember 2020 hatte er 290.386 Einwohner.
Der flächenkleinste der zwölf Berliner Bezirke hat zugleich die höchste Bevölkerungsdichte und das geringste Durchschnittsalter. Er entstand 2001 mit der Berliner Verwaltungsreform durch Fusion der bis dahin eigenständigen Bezirke Friedrichshain und Kreuzberg.
Zwei der umsatzstärksten Unternehmen Berlins, das Medienunternehmen Axel Springer SE und der Mode- und Kosmetikhändler Zalando, haben ihren Firmensitz im Bezirk.
Das zentral gelegene Friedrichshain-Kreuzberg gilt als kreativ und ist international bekannt für ein vielseitiges Nacht- und Kulturleben.
Source: Bezirk Friedrichshain-Kreuzberg
Friedrichshain-Kreuzberg – drugi okręg administracyjny (Verwaltungsbezirk) Berlina. Najmniejszy spośród wszystkich dwunastu okręgów administracyjnych Berlina ma najwyższe zagęszczenie ludności, 13 819 osób na kilometr kwadratowy (stan na 31. grudnia 2015) i najniższy średni wiek mieszkańca. Powstał po wprowadzeniu reformy administracyjnej 1 stycznia 2001, kiedy to zostały połączone dwie dzielnice Friedrichshain (dawniej w Berlinie Wschodnim) i Kreuzberg (dawniej w Berlinie Zachodnim).
Centralnie położony okręg administracyjny uważany jest za najbardziej kreatywny i jest znany z różnorodnego życia nocnego i kulturalnego.
Фридрихсхайн-Кройцберг (нем. Friedrichshain-Kreuzberg) — центральный административный округ Берлина, который был образован из округов Фридрихсхайн (Восточный Берлин) и Кройцберг (Западный Берлин).
В Окрсовет на выборах 2016 года прошли 8 партий.
Найменший із 12 адміністративних районів Берліна, але водночас з площею 20,2 кв. км та 276.996 мешканців (станом на 30 грудня 2015 р.) – найбільш густонаселений і «наймолодший» за середнім віком населення. Завдяки цьому, як також і центральному положенню району та традиційно строкатому в культурному та національному плані населенню район відомий численними неформальними рухами та нічними закладами.Адміністративний район виник в ході реформи міського управління 2001 року як результат злиття східноберлінського району Фрідріхсгайн (Friedrichshain) та західноберлінського району Кройцберг (Kreuzberg). Обидва мікрорайони географічно чітко розділені між собою річкою Шпреє і з’єднані мостом Обербаумбрюкке (Oberbaumbrücke), по якому проходить також 1-а лінія метро.
Friedrichshain-Kreuzberg je druhý berlínský obvod ustálený od roku 2001 sloučením bývalého východoberlínského obvodu Friedrichshain a bývalého západoberlínského obvodu Kreuzberg. Oba obvody spojuje most Oberbaumbrücke přes řeku Sprévu.
Friedrichshain-Kreuzberg es el segundo distrito de Berlín, Alemania. Este distrito se formó en 2001 por la fusión de Friedrichshain y Kreuzberg.
French Arrondissement de Friedrichshain-Kreuzberg
Friedrichshain-Kreuzberg [ˈfʀiːdʀɪçsˌhaɪ̯n ˈkʀɔɪ̯t͡sˌbɛʁk] est le 2e arrondissement administratif (Bezirk) de Berlin, formé en 2001 par la fusion des anciens districts de Friedrichshain et Kreuzberg, constituant ainsi deux nouveaux quartiers.
Cet arrondissement est le seul, avec celui de Mitte, à mêler des anciens districts de Berlin-Ouest et de Berlin-Est.
Italian Distretto di Friedrichshain-Kreuzberg
Il distretto di Friedrichshain-Kreuzberg è il secondo distretto (Bezirk) di Berlino.
Con una superficie di soli 20,2 km², è il meno esteso fra i distretti cittadini.
Con una popolazione (2006) di 265.592 abitanti, costituisce il distretto con la più alta densità di popolazione.
フリードリヒスハイン＝クロイツベルク区 (ドイツ語: Bezirk Friedrichshain-Kreuzberg) はドイツの首都ベルリンの区であり、区コードは02である。人口はおよそ29万人である。2001年の区域改革により、旧東ベルリンのフリードリヒスハイン区と旧西ベルリンのクロイツベルク区が合併して成立した。オルタナティブ、クリエイティブな地区として知られ、様々な左翼政党、とりわけ緑の党の牙城である。本区はベルリンで平均年齢が最も若い区であり、また人口密度も1平方キロメートル当たり約1万4,000人と、ベルリン全12区中で他に大きく差をつけ最高である。
Friedrichshain-Kreuzberg é o segundo distrito de Berlim, formado em 2001 pela aglutinação de Friedrichshain, antigo distrito de Berlim Oriental e Kreuzberg, antigo distrito de Berlim Ocidental. A Oberbaumbrücke sobre o rio Spree liga Friedrichshain com Kreuzberg.
Places located in Friedrichshain-Kreuzberg
Sicherheitsdienst (German: [ˈzɪçɐhaɪtsˌdiːnst], Security Service), full title Sicherheitsdienst des Reichsführers-SS (Security Service of the Reichsführer-SS), or SD, was the intelligence agency of the SS and the Nazi Party in Nazi Germany. Originating in 1931, the organization was the first Nazi intelligence organization to be established and was considered a sister organization with the Gestapo (formed in 1933) through integration of SS members and operational procedures. The SD was administered as an independent SS office between 1933 and 1939, after which it was transferred to the authority of the Reich Main Security Office (Reichssicherheitshauptamt; RSHA), as one of its seven departments/offices. Its first director, Reinhard Heydrich, intended for the SD to bring every single individual within the Third Reich's reach under "continuous supervision".Following Germany's defeat in World War II, the tribunal at the Nuremberg trials declared the SD a criminal organisation, along with the rest of Heydrich's RSHA (including the Gestapo) both individually and as branches of the SS in the collective. Heydrich's successor, Ernst Kaltenbrunner, was convicted of war crimes and crimes against humanity at the Nuremberg trials, sentenced to death and hanged in 1946.
The Viktoriapark (aka Victoriapark) is an urban park in the locality of Kreuzberg in Berlin, Germany. It opened in 1894.
It is situated on the Tempelhofer Berge range, forming the northern slope of the ground moraine Teltow Plateau, overlooking the glacial valley with Berlin's city centre. The major landmark of the park is a cast iron monument of 1815 dedicated by King Frederick William III of Prussia to the liberation wars (Befreiungskriege) fought at the end of the War of the Sixth coalition against France in the course of the Napoleonic Wars. It provides an excellent viewpoint over much of the central and southern portions of the city. In summer an artificial waterfall originates at the foot of the monument and continues down the hillside to the intersection of Großbeerenstraße and Kreuzbergstraße.
A historic wine-growing area, today the park is neighbouring two small vineyards, one in the northeast founded in 1968 and owned by the Senate of Berlin and cultivated by the adjacent market garden, the other one established in summer 2006 within the Victoria Quarter on the southern slope of the Kreuzberg hill. However, only the old vineyard provides for the local "Kreuz-Neroberger" wine, gained from vines donated by Kreuzberg's twin towns Wiesbaden (1968) and Ingelheim am Rhein (1975), as well by the Bergstraße county (1971 and 1973) and from Bad Bergzabern (1985). About 600 bottles are pressed each year.
The Mercedes-Benz Arena (German: [mɛɐ̯ˌtseːdəsˈbɛnts ʔaˌʁeːnaː]) is a multipurpose indoor arena in the Friedrichshain neighborhood of Berlin, Germany, which opened in 2008.With a capacity of 17,000 people, it is home to the Eisbären Berlin ice hockey club and the Alba Berlin basketball team, and is used for other ice hockey, basketball and handball matches as well as concerts.The arena hosted the 2008–09 Euroleague Final Four. The arena was one of the most prominent elements of the Mediaspree urban redevelopment project, quickly gaining emblematic status in the debates surrounding the project's impact.
The venue will host some group phase matches. It will also host the final phase matches at the FIBA EuroBasket 2021 with the country and Cologne alongside Czech Republic in Prague, Georgia in Tbilisi and Italy in Milan.
The Jewish Museum Berlin (Jüdisches Museum Berlin) was opened in 2001 and is the largest Jewish museum in Europe. It consists of three buildings, two of which are new additions specifically built for the museum by architect Daniel Libeskind. German-Jewish history is documented in the collections, the library and the archive, and is reflected in the museum's program of events. The museum is one of Germany's most frequented museums (more than 10.8 million visitors between 2001 and 2016).
Opposite the building ensemble, the W. Michael Blumenthal Academy of the Jewish Museum Berlin was built – also after a design by Libeskind – in 2011/2012 in the former flower market hall. The archives, library, museum education department, a lecture hall and the Diaspora Garden can all be found in the academy.
My God, Help Me to Survive This Deadly Love (Russian: «Го́споди! Помоги́ мне вы́жить среди́ э́той сме́ртной любви́», romanized: Góspodi! Pomogí mne výzhit' sredí étoy smértnoy lyubví; German: Mein Gott, hilf mir, diese tödliche Liebe zu überleben), sometimes referred to as the Fraternal Kiss (German: Bruderkuss), is a graffiti painting by Dmitri Vrubel on the eastern side Berlin wall. Painted in 1990, it has become one of the best known pieces of Berlin wall graffiti art. The painting depicts Leonid Brezhnev and Erich Honecker in a socialist fraternal kiss, reproducing a photograph taken in 1979 during the 30th anniversary celebration of the foundation of the German Democratic Republic.
Berlin Ostbahnhof (German for Berlin East railway station) is a main line railway station in Berlin, Germany. It is located in the Friedrichshain quarter, now part of Friedrichshain-Kreuzberg borough, and has undergone several name changes in its history. It was known as Berlin Hauptbahnhof from 1987 to 1998, a name now applied to Berlin's new central station at the former Lehrter station. Alongside Berlin Zoologischer Garten station it was one of the city's two main stations; however, it has declined in significance since the opening of the new Hauptbahnhof on 26 May 2006, and many mainline trains have been re-routed on the North–South mainline through the new Tiergarten tunnel, bypassing Ostbahnhof.
The Prussian National Monument for the Liberation Wars (German: Preußisches Nationaldenkmal für die Befreiungskriege) is a war memorial in Berlin, Germany, dedicated in 1821. Built by the Prussian king during the sectionalism before the Unification of Germany it is the principal German monument to the Prussian soldiers and other citizens who died in or else dedicated their health and wealth for the Liberation Wars (Befreiungskriege) fought at the end of the Wars of the Sixth and in that of the Seventh Coalition against France in the course of the Napoleonic Wars. Frederick William III of Prussia initiated its construction and commissioned the Prussian Karl Friedrich Schinkel who made it an important piece of art in cast iron, his last piece of Romantic Neo-Gothic architecture and an expression of the post-Napoleonic poverty and material sobriety in the liberated countries.The monument is located on the Kreuzberg hill in the Victoria Park in the Tempelhofer Vorstadt, a region within Berlin's borough of Friedrichshain-Kreuzberg. The monument was conceived at a time of deteriorating relations between the reactionaries and the reformers of the civic movement within Prussia. The monument is of cast iron, a technique en vogue at the time. Its younger socket brick building is faced with grey Silesian granite and was designed by the Prussian architect Heinrich Strack and realised by the Prussian engineer Johann Wilhelm Schwedler. Its centerpiece is a tapering turret of 60 Prussian feet (18.83 m (61.8 ft)), resembling the spire tops of Gothic churches.
The Oberbaum Bridge (German: Oberbaumbrücke) is a double-deck bridge crossing Berlin's River Spree, considered one of the city's landmarks. It links Friedrichshain and Kreuzberg, former boroughs that were divided by the Berlin Wall, and has become an important symbol of Berlin’s unity.
The lower deck of the bridge carries a roadway, which connects Oberbaum Straße to the south of the river with Warschauer Straße to the north. The upper deck of the bridge carries Berlin U-Bahn lines U 1 and U 3, between Schlesisches Tor and Warschauer Straße stations.
The bridge appears prominently in the 1998 film Run Lola Run.
The bridge also appears prominently in the TV Series Berlin Station.
Warschauer Straße station is an S-Bahn and U-Bahn station on Warschauer Straße on the northern bank of the river Spree in the Friedrichshain neighborhood of Berlin, Germany. The two train stations as well as the street tram that terminates adjacent to the U-Bahn station together accommodate over 85,000 passengers daily.
The relief sculpture Friede sei mit Dir (German: [ˈfʁiːdə ˈzaɪ mɪt ˈdiːɐ̯]), also known as the cock of Berlin is an artwork by sculptor Peter Lenk. It is located in Berlin at the building of the editorial staff of German newspaper taz.
The sculpture displays living persons who were involuntarily used in controversial headlines by newspaper Bild. The main part is a caricature of former Bild editor-in-chief Kai Diekmann, stretched over five floors. The title on the top floor, "Friede sei mit Dir", is a double entendre: either "Peace be with you" or "Friede be with you", the latter referring to Bild's publisher who is depicted on the left-hand side of the fourth-floor façade snake-charming.The sculpture's background is a satirical article and the ensuing lawsuit. In 2002, journalist Gerhard Henschel claimed that Kai Diekmann had undergone a failed medical enhancement operation. Dieckmann sued, unsuccessfully, for damages to his personality rights. The court held that the claimant, in his function as chief editor of Bild, had willingly decided to become an actor in a personality-rights-infringing business from which he was profiting economically, and therefore was not entitled to maximum protection against infringement of his own rights.The sculpture itself was installed in 2009 and remains legally unchallenged.
The East Side Gallery is an open-air gallery in Berlin. It consists of a series of murals painted directly on a 1,316 m (4,318 ft) long remnant of the Berlin Wall, located near the centre of Berlin, on Mühlenstraße in Friedrichshain-Kreuzberg. The gallery has official status as a Denkmal, or heritage-protected landmark. According to the Künstlerinitiative East Side Gallery e.V., an association of the artists involved in the project, "The East Side Gallery is understood as a monument to the fall of the Berlin Wall and the peaceful negotiation of borders and conventions between societies and people", and has more than three million visitors per year.
The Amerika-Gedenkbibliothek (AGB; English: America Memorial Library) is one of the largest public libraries in Berlin, Germany. It was co-financed by a donation from the United States. The building was designed by American and German architects, including Fritz Bornemann and Willy Kreuer. It was opened on September 17, 1954, and was originally planned to become the Central Library of Berlin.
The Strausberger Platz is a large urban square in the Berlin district of Friedrichshain-Kreuzberg and marks the border to the district of Mitte. It is connected via Karl-Marx-Allee with Alexanderplatz and via Lichtenberger Straße with the Platz der Vereinten Nationen. These two streets intersect in an oval roundabout at Strausberger Platz.
The Berlinische Galerie is a museum of modern art, photography and architecture in Berlin. It is located in Kreuzberg, on Alte Jakobstraße, not far from the Jewish Museum.
Molecule Man is a series of aluminium sculptures, designed by American artist Jonathan Borofsky, installed at various locations around the world, including Germany and the United States. Borofsky made the first Molecule Man sculptures for locations in Los Angeles in 1977 and 1978. According to Public Art in Public Places, they were installed later in 1981 and 1983 (in Los Angeles and Beverly Hills, respectively).The sculpture model depicts three human form silhouettes with hundreds of holes, leaning toward each other. According to Borofsky, the holes represent "the molecules of all human beings coming together to create our existence."A related sculpture is Borofsky's Hammering Man.
The Ramones Museum is a museum dedicated to the American punk rock band the Ramones, located in the Kreuzberg borough of Berlin, Germany. While the Ramones are most closely associated with their hometown of New York City, bassist Dee Dee Ramone grew up in Berlin, and the city, and Germany as a whole, was mentioned in numerous Ramones songs.
Originally opening in 2005 in Kreuzberg, the museum moved to Mitte in 2008, then moved back to Kreuzberg in 2017. It is also used as an occasional concert venue.In 2014 the museum started releasing records, the first being a split between the Zatopeks and Dee Cracks.
The Memorial to Polish Soldiers and German Anti-Fascists (German: Denkmal des polnischen Soldaten und deutschen Antifaschisten; Polish: Pomnik żołnierza polskiego i niemieckiego antyfaszysty) is a war memorial in Berlin, dedicated in 1972. Built by the German Democratic Republic during the division of Germany, it is today the principal German monument to the Polish soldiers who died in World War II, as well as an important monument to the German resistance.
Görlitzer Bahnhof is a Berlin U-Bahn station on the viaduct of the and .
It is located in Kreuzberg, in an area that offers a wide range of nightlife but is also notorious for its riots on 1 May.
Moritzplatz is a Berlin U-Bahn station located on the U 8 line.
Peter Behrens constructed this unusual subway station in Berlin in 1928. It was closed briefly in 1945, and between 1961 and 1990 it was the last station in West Berlin, after which the train passed through communist East Berlin until Gesundbrunnen.
Oranienplatz is a square in Kreuzberg, Berlin, Germany.From 2012 until 2014 it was the site of the OPlatz (Oranienplatz) Movement pro-immigration protest encampment.
Drachenbrunnen is a fountain at Oranienplatz in Kreuzberg, Berlin, Germany.
Gneisenaustraße is a station on the in Berlin, Germany.